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Kazimierz Sabbat
Kazimierz Sabbat.jpg
President of Poland
President-in-exile
In office
8 April 1986 – 19 July 1989
Prime MinisterEdward Szczepanik
Preceded byEdward Bernard Raczyński
Succeeded byWojciech Jaruzelski (As President)
Ryszard Kaczorowski
43rd Prime Minister of Poland
14th Prime Minister in Exile
In office
5 August 1976 – 8 April 1986
PresidentStanisław Ostrowski
Edward Bernard Raczyński
Preceded byAlfred Urbański
Succeeded byEdward Szczepanik
Personal details
Born
Kazimierz Aleksander Sabbat

(1913-02-27)27 February 1913
Bieliny Kapitulne, Russian Empire (today Poland)
Died19 July 1989(1989-07-19) (aged 76)
London, England
Cause of deathHeart attack[1]
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Anna Sulik
ProfessionBusinessman, politician

Kazimierz Aleksander Sabbat[2] (27 February 1913 – 19 July 1989), was President of Poland-in-exile from 8 April 1986 until his death, 19 July 1989, after serving (from 1976) as Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile.

Early life

Sabbat was born on 27 February 1913 in Bieliny Kapitulne, at the foot of the Lysa Gora mountain. Sabbat completed secondary school in Mielec, and studied law at the Warsaw University shortly before World War II. He was a Scout, and remained dedicated to the concept of Scouting, even in his later life while in exile.

World War II

After a short service in the Navy, Sabbat was directed to the Motorized Brigade of Stanisław Maczek. Wounded during the Polish retreat in 1939, he managed to reach Great Britain where he was directed to the British General Staff as an officer responsible for youth.

Post war

After being discharged from the army in 1948, he started up his own successful business in England. He later worked for the Scouting Organization and the Association of Polish Veterans on a voluntary basis.

As an executive of the National Union he managed the Treasury Division, and in 1976 became the Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile. He attempted to unite the various émigré circles and created ever stronger links with the opposition movement in Poland, which benefited from the Government in exile's moral and material help through different Funds.

Grave of President Kazimierz Sabbat
Grave of President Kazimierz Sabbat

He became President of the Republic of Poland (in Exile) in 1986 succeeding Edward Raczyński. He died in London, aged 76, in 1989. Coincidentally, on the same day Wojciech Jaruzelski was elected by a still unfree Parliament as the first President of the country since the 1950s. Ryszard Kaczorowski, Minister of Domestic Affairs and designated successor, took office in exile and on 22 December 1990, after the first free and fair elections in Poland since the war, handed his powers and the insignia of the Polish Second Republic to President-elect Lech Wałęsa.

Sabbat is buried on Gunnersbury Cemetery in London, along with Anna Sabbat, who died on 28 April 2015. Their children all still live in areas near to London. He has eight grandchildren.

Political offices Preceded byAlfred Urbański Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland in Exile 1976–1986 Succeeded byEdward Szczepanik Preceded byEdward Bernard Raczyński President of the Republic of Poland in exile 1986–1989 Succeeded byRyszard Kaczorowski

References

  1. ^ Whitney, Craig R. (21 October 1989). "London Journal; A President, a Cabinet, but a Country Far Away". The New York Times.
  2. ^ "Urząd Gminy Bieliny".

(Note: This site is derivative of the above link)