Ken Doherty
Personal information
BornMay 16, 1905
Detroit, Michigan, United States
DiedApril 19, 1996 (aged 90)
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United States
Alma materWayne State University[1]
Height185 cm (6 ft 1 in)
Weight75 kg (165 lb)
SpouseLucile Mason
ClubCadillac Athletic Club
Achievements and titles
Personal best7784 (1929)[2]
Medal record
Representing the  United States
Olympic Games
Bronze medal – third place 1928 Amsterdam Decathlon

John Kenneth Doherty (May 16, 1905 – April 19, 1996) was an American decathlon champion, college track and field coach, author and longtime director of the Penn Relays. While a student at the University of Michigan, Doherty won the American decathlon championship in 1928 and 1929 and won the bronze medal in the event at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam. He later served as a track coach at Princeton University (1929–1930), the University of Michigan (1930–1948), and the University of Pennsylvania (1948–1957). He was also the meet director for the Penn Relays from 1956 to 1969 and of the first dual track meet between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1959. He was also a published author of works on track coaching, and his Track & Field Omnibook was regarded as "the track coach's bible" from the 1970s through the 1990s. Doherty has been inducted into at least six athletic halls of fame, including the National Track and Field Hall of Fame and athletic halls of fame at the University of Pennsylvania, University of Michigan, and Wayne State University.

Early years

Born of Canadian parents who crossed the Detroit River to find work in Detroit, Michigan, Doherty recalled learning about track and field at age six when the local pole vault champion lived across the street: "I took my mother's clothes pole and tried to clear a string stretched across two fence posts."[3] Doherty attended Detroit's Western High School where he did not earn a letter.[4] He later recalled being small for his age in high school and joked that, at the end of high school, "they gave me a letter for long and faithful service!"[3]

Two-time decathlon champion

He enrolled in the College of the City of Detroit (later known as Wayne State University) in 1923 but did not try out for the track team until his junior year.[3] He tried out for the track team as a high jumper, but the school's track coach, David L. Holmes, saw Doherty's potential as an all-around athlete in the decathlon, and entered him in competitions in the Penn Relays, the Illinois relays and the Ohio Relays.[5] Doherty won four letters at Detroit City College,[6] and was elected the student body president.[7] He trained indoor on a track built in the 1880s for City College's "Old Main," when that large building served as Detroit's Central High School. He trained for outdoor track on a field maintained by the City of Detroit on an island in the Detroit River, Belle Isle, two miles from City College. As Doherty indicates in his autobiography, the outdoors team had neither dressing room nor showers. Even in his time, these facilities were outdated.

Doherty graduated from Detroit City College in 1927 and enrolled at the University of Michigan where he trained for the Olympics under Wolverines track coaches, Steve Farrell and Charles B. Hoyt.[3][4] He also earned a master's degree at Michigan in 1933.[7][8]

In 1928 Doherty won the decathlon at the United States Olympic Trials (which doubled as the AAU national outdoor championships) with a score of 7,600.52 points; due to poor weather conditions, the competition was held over three days instead of the usual two.[9] At the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, he placed third in the decathlon with a score of 7,706.65 behind Paavo Yrjölä (8,053.29 points) and Akilles Järvinen (7,624.135 points).[10] Doherty was in fifth place for most of the Olympic competition, but moved into third as a result of his performance in the javelin throw and running the 1,500 meters in 4 minutes, 54 seconds.[10][11]

Doherty capped his career as a decathlete in 1929 when he repeated as AAU champion in Denver with an American record score of 7,784.68 points.[5][6] Sports writer Paul Lowry wrote about Doherty's record-setting performance: "Ken Doherty broke the record in the decathlon – ten of the most grueling events imaginable, and all run off on the same day."[12] Doherty reported that he felt fresh after the 1929 decathlon championship taking in a banquet and motion-picture show the night after the competition and arising the next day "to make a 350-mile auto trip without a feeling of strain or exhaustion."[12] Doherty's trip to Denver for the 1929 also doubled as a honeymoon tour with his wife of a few weeks.[5]

Track coach

University of Michigan

Doherty, described as "a lean, quiet Scot,"[13] retired from competition in 1929 and accepted a position as a coach at Detroit Southwestern High School in 1929.[6] He next accepted a position as an assistant track coach at Princeton University where he worked under the school's legendary track coach Keene Fitzpatrick in 1929–1930.[7] In 1930, Doherty was hired by the University of Michigan as its assistant track coach serving under the Wolverines' new head coach, Charles B. Hoyt.[7] He remained Hoyt's assistant for nine years and took over as Michigan's head track coach in 1939 when Hoyt accepted a job at Yale. Doherty served nine years as Michigan's head coach, leading Michigan to seven Big Ten Conference championships (four indoor and three outdoor).[14] In his 18 years as an assistant and head coach at Michigan, he coached some of the schools all-time great athletes, including the following:

Doherty earned a Ph.D. degree in educational psychology from the University of Michigan in 1948.[7]

University of Pennsylvania

In April 1948, Doherty accepted the job as track coach at the University of Pennsylvania[16] At Penn, Doherty developed track stars, including Dick Hart, Charles Emermy, Willie Lee and John Haines.[17] Doherty drew national publicity in February 1957 when he suspended 20-year-old runner (and future movie star) Bruce Dern from the Penn track team.[18] Dern drew Doherty's ire for his sideburns that a United Press reporter compared to those of Elvis Presley. It was reported that "the bobby-soxers squealed and howled and shrieked, 'Go, Elvis, go!' when Dern ran on Penn's two-mile relay team."[19] Doherty insisted that Dern shave, and Dern declined. In removing Dern from the track team, Doherty refused to say the sideburns were the cause and instead told a reporter: "He preferred not to continue with the team is the best way of putting it. Team members are expected to be representatives of the university and this applies to many things. Obviously, any man who can't live up to these things automatically puts himself off the team."[19] Press accounts at the time noted that Dern's father was a Chicago lawyer and a University of Pennsylvania Trustee.[18][19] An associate of Doherty recalled Doherty as "a very thorough man with a stubborn streak."[7] When Doherty kicked Dern off the team after he refused to cut his hair, Fabricus recalled that people told him, "You can't do that. His father is a trustee."[7] But, according to Doherty's associate, "Ken said he had ground rules, and that was that."[7]

In May 1957, three months after the negative publicity resulting from the Dern incident, Doherty announced his retirement after nine years as Penn's coach.[17] Doherty stated at the time that he wanted to free up his time to devote himself to more intensive planning of the relays.[17]

Meet director

After retiring as a track coach, Doherty devoted himself to work as a meet director. In 1956–1969, Doherty served as the meet director for the Penn Relays, a three-day event that became known as "the world's largest track and field carnival."[7] From 1959 to 1967, he was also the meet director of The Philadelphia Inquirer Games, a major indoor track and field competition.[7] In 1959, he was the meet director for the first dual meet between the United States and the Soviet Union.[7] He was also the meet director for the 1961 NCAA Outdoor Championships. In addition to his work as a meet director, Doherty conducted track clinics in the Soviet Union, Finland, Canada and India.[7]


He was also the author of articles and popular books on coaching track and field. In 1941, he published the book Solving Camp Behavior Problems based on his work as a director of the Boys' Camp at the National Music Camp in Michigan.[8] In 1953, he published Modern Track & Field. His most popular work was the multi-edition Track & Field Omnibook, first published in 1971 and "generally regarded as the track coach's bible."[20] The Omnibook, published in four editions and in print until 1995,[21] was the first comprehensive book on track coaching; it went beyond technique and also covered sports psychology and methods of motivation.[3] Doherty's books were translated into Russian, Finnish, Spanish and Japanese.[20]

It has been said that Doherty had "more knowledge about track and field techniques than any man of his generation."[4] When the Track and Field Hall of Fame Library was established at Butler University, Doherty donated his collection to the library, which included thousands of books, periodicals and manuscripts related to the history of track and field in the United States; the collection was moved to the library of the AAFLA in Los Angeles in 2001 where it is open for public view.[3]


Doherty has received many honors for his achievements in the world of track and field, including the following:

Doherty also served as President of the National Track and Field Coaches Association in 1956 and became a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine in 1957.[24] Prior to his induction into the National Track and Field Hall of Fame, Doherty had been chairman of the selection committee for two years. He was inducted the year after he stepped down from the committee and, on his selection, Doherty said:

Each part of my career has its own significance to me. I look back at the decathlon, which at that time was not as popular as it is today. My coaching, well, it was great working with the boys. My books are more important than anything to me now. And being recognized by those within my sport is the greatest compliment I could hope for.[20]

Family and death

Doherty died in 1996 at age 90 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, three years after his wife Lucile Mason. They had two sons, Dr. Lynn M. Doherty and Dr. Robert W. Doherty, and five grandchildren: Robert G. Doherty, Kathryn Doherty, Ian Doherty, Michael Doherty, and Sue Ann Doherty.[7]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Kenneth Doherty.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Don Holst, Marcia S. Popp (2005). American Men of Olympic Track and Field, pp. 37–38. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1930-X.
  4. ^ a b c d "University of Michigan Men's Track Hall of Fame" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
  5. ^ a b c Herbert A. Hall (1929-07-14). "Decathlon Champ Fought for Title: Long Preparation Marks His Entrance Into Track Meet". Charleston Gazette (AP wire story).
  6. ^ a b c "J. Kenneth Doherty: 1977 WSU Athletic Hall of Fame Inductee Bio". Wayne State University Athletics.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Frank Litsyk (1996-04-21). "Ken Doherty, 90, Longtime Penn Relays Director". The New York Times.
  8. ^ a b "Penn Biographies: John Kenneth Doherty". University of Pennsylvania Archives. Archived from the original on 2017-04-23. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
  9. ^ Hymans, Richard (2008). "The History of the United States Olympic Trials – Track & Field" (PDF). USA Track & Field. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  10. ^ a b "U.S. Natators Pass Prelims for Olympics: Finn Annexes Decathlon Title With Doherty, American, in Third Place". Mason City Globe-Gazette. 1928-08-04.
  11. ^ Ken Doherty.
  12. ^ a b Paul Lowry (1929-07-21). "Rabbit Punches: Ken Doherty's Record". Los Angeles Times.
  13. ^ "Michigan Shatters Own Record in Walk-Away". The Herald Press (St. Joseph, Mich.). 1944-03-13.
  14. ^ "U of M Men's Track and Field". University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library.
  15. ^ Patricia Zacharias and Vivian M Baulch (2002-02-02). "Michigan Athletes have made Olympic history". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on 2012-07-08.
  16. ^ "Ken Doherty Accepts Post As Penn Coach". Pottstown Mercury. 1948-04-28.
  17. ^ a b c "Doherty Quits As Penn Track Coach". The Progress (Clearfield, PA). 1957-05-16.
  18. ^ a b "Sideburns Put Penn Star on Sidelines". Los Angeles Times. 1957-02-09.
  19. ^ a b c "Runner With Sideburns Thrown Off Penn Team". Lebanon Daily News (UP wire story). 1957-02-08.
  20. ^ a b c d Chuck Rist (1976-06-09). "Doherty: From Shrine Selector to Inductee". Charleston Daily Mail.
  21. ^ Track & Field Ominbook. ISBN 0911521747.
  22. ^ a b c "Ken Doherty". U.S. Track & Field and Cross Country Coaches Association.[permanent dead link]
  23. ^ "Ken Doherty Memorial Fellowship 2007 National Track & Field Research Collection, LA84 Foundation". LA84 Foundation. Archived from the original on 2010-05-06.
  24. ^ David L. Porter (1995). Biographical Dictionary of American Sports, p. 660. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-313-28431-8.