Ketoprak Boplo.JPG
Ketoprak sold in Jakarta
CourseMain and snack
Place of originIndonesia
Region or stateJakarta
Serving temperatureHot (for fried tofu), and room temperature (other ingredients)
Main ingredientsfried tofu, steamed rice cake (lontong or ketupat), bean sprouts, rice vermicelli, cucumber, served in peanut sauce and sweet soy sauce, topped with krupuk and fried shallots

Ketoprak is an Indonesian vegetarian dish from Jakarta, consisting of tofu, vegetables, rice cake, and rice vermicelli served in peanut sauce.

Etymology and origin

The etymology of the name ketoprak is actually closely related to Javanese folk-drama. During the Great Depression in 1930 - 1931, ketoprak viewership was dwindling. Djojosoekarno, a member of Javanese ketoprak troupe "Langenhardjo" in Jakarta, started selling a dish made of tofu mixed with bean sprout and [sweet soy sauce]] on stalls for extra income. Due to his popularity as ketoprak performer, customers usually referred to him as "Bang Ketoprak" (lit. "Mr. Ketoprak") and as time passes, his specialty dish is known as ketoprak on itself. [1] However, this story was largely told orally and eventually forgotten.

As time went on, various modifications are added to the dish including ketupat as substitute of rice and peanut sauce. In late 2000s, a backronym for ketoprak went into popularity, derived from the acronym of its ingredients and process; which are ket from ketupat, to from toge, and prak from digeprak (Betawi for: "mashed" or "crushed"), which describes the method on grounding garlic, chili pepper and peanut granules together to create the peanut sauce.


Ketoprak cart
Ketoprak cart

Ketoprak consists of sliced fried tofu, steamed rice cake (lontong or ketupat), sliced cabbage and cucumber, bihun (thin rice vermicelli), bean sprouts, served in peanut sauce, topped with krupuk and fried shallots. The fried tofu can be considered as the centerpiece of the dish, since it is freshly fried directly after customer placed their order, to ensure its freshness and hotness.

The peanut sauce is made from ground peanut and palm sugar made into a thick paste, mixed with garlic, chili pepper, salt and also kecap manis (sweet soy sauce).


Ketoprak street vendor
Ketoprak street vendor

Ketoprak is a typical street food. It was originally popular around the Jakarta area but has spread throughout Java. The seller prepares the ingredients at home and mixes them in front of the customers as they place their orders.[2] It is sold in individual portions from small stalls or carts along the street. The cook usually asks the customer their preference on the degree of spiciness: mild, medium, hot or extra hot. The spiciness corresponds to the amount of chili used. The price range is about IDR 8.000 to 15.000 according to outlets and ingredients included.[3] Sometimes, hard boiled egg might be added.

Similar dishes

Ketoprak is nearly similar to kupat tahu, lotek and karedok from West Java, gado-gado from Jakarta and also pecel from Central Java, although the ingredients in the peanut sauces are slightly different. Gado-gado and karedok use only brown sugar for sweetening, but in ketoprak sweet soy sauce is used for additional sweetener, and ground garlic is added. There is also a similar dish from neighboring Singapore called Satay bee hoon.

See also


  1. ^ [Perpusnas, 1963, 1st of August 1963, Jakarta, Berita Indonesia Perpusnas, 1963, 1st of August 1963, Jakarta, Berita Indonesia]. ((cite web)): Check |url= value (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Travbuddy - 'Ketoprak'". Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2009-11-29.
  3. ^ "Discover Indonesia - 'Ketoprak Jakarta'". Archived from the original on 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2009-11-29.