Kevin Conroy
Conroy at the 2019 GalaxyCon Richmond.
Born(1955-11-30)November 30, 1955
DiedNovember 10, 2022(2022-11-10) (aged 66)
New York City, U.S.
EducationJuilliard School (BFA)
Years active1978–2022
SpouseVaughn C. Williams

Kevin Conroy (November 30, 1955 – November 10, 2022) was an American actor. He appeared in a variety of stage performances, television series, and television films, but earned fame for voicing the DC Comics superhero Batman in various animated media, beginning with Batman: The Animated Series in 1992.[1][2] Conroy went on to voice the character for dozens of animated television series, feature films, and video games over the next three decades.

Early life

Kevin Conroy was born on November 30, 1955, in Westbury, New York,[3] into an Irish Catholic family. He moved to Westport, Connecticut, when he was about 11 years old. He had three older siblings.[4] Conroy held dual American and Irish citizenship.[5]

Due to the tumultuous environment in his home, Conroy lived with a family friend during his last year of high school. Conroy's father was an alcoholic and once attempted suicide while Conroy was in high school.[6] In adulthood, Conroy was estranged from his father for many years but reconciled shortly before his death. He was at both his mother's side and his father's side when they died.[7][8][non-primary source needed]

Conroy moved to New York City in 1973 when he earned a full scholarship to attend the Juilliard School's drama division, studying under actor/director John Houseman. While there, he roomed with Robin Williams, who was in the same group as both Conroy and Kelsey Grammer.[9] After graduating from Juilliard in 1978, he toured with Houseman's performing group The Acting Company, and the following year he went on the national tour of Ira Levin's Deathtrap.[10][4] Conroy and his co-star Brian Bedford did not get along, and got into an on-stage brawl during the opening night performance of Deathtrap at the Kennedy Center.[7]



In 1980, after playing the role of Jerry Grove in the New York-based daytime soap opera Another World, Conroy moved out to California to pursue further work in television. Conroy became associated with the Old Globe Theatre in San Diego, California, where he performed in productions of Hamlet and A Midsummer Night's Dream. From 1980 to 1985, he acted in a variety of contemporary and classic theatre pieces, including the Broadway productions of Edward Albee's adaptation of Lolita and Eastern Standard. He told The New York Times that, as a gay man living in New York in the time of the AIDS epidemic, he "went to so many funerals that [he] felt such a sense of obligation" to portray the character of a TV producer secretly living with AIDS in Eastern Standard.[4]

Film and television

Conroy returned to television in the 1985 TV film Covenant and had a role on another daytime soap drama, Search for Tomorrow. Conroy played gay lawyer Bart Fallmont on Dynasty from 1985 to 1986.[11] He was a series regular on Ohara in 1987, and as the company commander on Tour of Duty from 1987 to 1988, before starring in a series of television films. Though initially cast as one of the show's main characters, his role on the show was reduced while it filmed in Hawaii and he ended up spending much of his time making portraits of tourists on the Honolulu boardwalk. Conroy also guest starred on shows such as Cheers, Search for Tomorrow, Matlock and Murphy Brown.[12]

Voice acting

Conroy speaking at the 2017 Phoenix Comicon

As a voice actor, Conroy is best known for his starring role in Batman: The Animated Series (1992–1995).[13][14] He was notably the first voice actor to alter his voice tone between portraying Batman and Bruce Wayne, which Michael Keaton had previously done in Tim Burton's live-action Batman films.[10] However, Conroy based his dual-voice performance on Leslie Howard in the 1934 film The Scarlet Pimpernel.[15] He continued to voice Batman in various animated spin-off productions, which collectively took place in what is known as the DC Animated Universe (DCAU). These spin-offs include the TV shows The New Batman Adventures (1997–1999), Batman Beyond (1999–2001, in which he portrays an elderly Bruce Wayne retired from crimefighting), Justice League (2001–2004), and Justice League Unlimited (2004–2006), as well as the theatrical film Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (1993),[16][17] and the direct-to-video films Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero (1998), Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker (2000), and Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman (2003). He also voiced the DCAU Batman for guest appearances in Superman: The Animated Series, Static Shock and The Zeta Project.[18]

I often marveled at how appropriate it was that I should land this role. As a gay boy growing up in the 1950's and 60's in a devoutly Catholic family, I'd grown adept at concealing parts of myself. Of putting aspects of myself in a separate box and locking it away.

—Kevin Conroy, from his autobiographical comic Finding Batman[19]

Conroy went on to voice Batman in the direct-to-video DC Universe Animated Original Movies: Batman: Gotham Knight (2008), Superman/Batman: Public Enemies (2009), Superman/Batman: Apocalypse (2010), Justice League: Doom (2012), Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox (2013), Batman: Assault on Arkham (2014), Batman: The Killing Joke (2016), Batman and Harley Quinn (2017), and Justice League vs. the Fatal Five (2019).[12][20][21] He later returned to voicing Batman on TV for the animated series Justice League Action (2016-2018),[22] along with guest appearances on Teen Titans Go! and Scooby-Doo and Guess Who?. In a tally of the actor's performances that include his every episode and film portrayal of Batman, Conroy portrayed the character longer than any other actor in live-action and animation.[23] The previous record-holder was Olan Soule, who voiced Batman in various animated works between the late 1960s and early 1980s (including Super Friends).

After the September 11, 2001, attacks in New York City, Conroy participated in relief efforts by volunteering to cook for people. During an audio commentary on Batman: Gotham Knight, Conroy expressed his surprise at the reaction of the emergency service workers to his presence. At the behest of another cook, Conroy called out from the kitchen to the dining area in his "Batman voice", reciting the iconic line, "I am vengeance! I am the night! I am Batman!" (from the BTAS episode "Nothing to Fear"[24]). This was greeted by cheers and applause from emergency service personnel, many of whom had been fans of Batman: The Animated Series during its airing in the 1990s. Conroy confessed to being humbled and deeply flattered by the reaction.[25]

Conroy, at right, did a table read with the voice cast and crew of Batman: The Animated Series at the 2019 East Coast Comicon in Secaucus, New Jersey.

Conroy also voiced Batman for multiple video games, including the Batman: Arkham series. Following the release of Batman: Arkham Asylum (2009) and Batman: Arkham City (2011), he stated at the 2013 Dallas Comic Con that he had been working on "the next Arkham", leading to rampant speculation that he would reprise his role in Batman: Arkham Origins. In June 2013, however, it was confirmed that Conroy would not be involved in Arkham Origins (Batman was instead voiced by Roger Craig Smith in that game), meaning Conroy may had been referring to a yet-unannounced game from the Arkham series.[26] He would ultimately reprise the role for the fourth game in the series, titled Batman: Arkham Knight (2015).[27] The 2024 sequel to Arkham Knight, Suicide Squad: Kill the Justice League, marked his final video game performance as Batman. However, in early 2024, it was revealed that Conroy had recorded a role for Justice League: Crisis on Infinite Earths – Part Three.[28]

In October 2013, Conroy appeared on Tim Daly's web series The Daly Show,[29] parodying his role as Batman, with Daly reprising the role of Superman from Superman: The Animated Series.[30]

Conroy portrayed Bruce Wayne of Earth-99 in live-action in the Arrowverse crossover "Crisis on Infinite Earths". This was his only live-action portrayal of the character.[31]

Mark Hamill, Conroy's frequent voice actor co-star as the Joker, spoke highly of working with him. Regarding his willingness to be involved in a Batman-related project, Hamill said, "When they offer me roles now, I say, 'Is Kevin doing it?' ... I don't even have to read the script, if Kevin's doing it I'll do it."[32] In 2023, following Conroy's death, Hamill stated he was done voicing the Joker, citing his Joker quote "Without Batman, crime has no punchline".[33]

Personal life

In a 2016 interview with The New York Times promoting the animated adaptation of The Killing Joke, Kevin Conroy revealed that he was gay.[4] As part of DC Comics' 2022 Pride anthology, Conroy wrote "Finding Batman", a story that recounted his life and experiences as a gay man. It received critical acclaim upon release.[34] He was married to Vaughn C. Williams at the time of his death.[35][36]

Conroy made an effort to conceal his homosexuality throughout most of his career. He spoke in "Finding Batman" about the discrimination he faced once potential collaborators and employers discovered his homosexuality. Conroy said that on multiple occasions he had been removed from consideration for acting jobs due to his sexual orientation.[37][38]

In the 2016 United States Presidential Election, Conroy supported Hillary Clinton and described Donald Trump as "a xenophobic, narcissistic clown, who's only interested in himself".[39]

Conroy made frequent appearances at comic book conventions; his last convention was in Connecticut in July 2022.[40]


Conroy died at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City on November 10, 2022, at age 66, following a private battle with intestinal cancer.[41] Upon news of his death, DC Comics gave free online access to "Finding Batman" as a way to honor Conroy.[42] "Finding Batman" went on to win the 2023 Eisner Award for Best Short Story.[43] His co-stars, such as Mark Hamill,[44] Tim Daly,[45] and numerous other figures paid tribute on social media.[46]



Year Title Role Notes
1992 Chain of Desire Joe [47]
1993 Batman: Mask of the Phantasm Bruce Wayne / Batman Voice[18]
1998 Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero Voice, direct-to-video[18]
2000 Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker
2003 Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman
2005 The Complete Robin Storyboard Sequence
2008 Batman: Gotham Knight
2009 Superman/Batman: Public Enemies
2010 Superman/Batman: Apocalypse
2012 Justice League: Doom
2013 Jay & Silent Bob's Super Groovy Cartoon Movie! The Mayor of Red Bank Voice[48]
Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox Bruce Wayne / Batman Voice, direct-to-video[18]
Necessary Evil: Super-Villains of DC Comics Himself[49][50] Documentary
I Know That Voice
2014 Russian Yeti: The Killer Lives Narrator Voice, documentary[51]
Alfred Alfred Short film
Batman: Assault on Arkham Bruce Wayne / Batman Voice, direct-to-video[18]
2015 Batman vs. Robin Thomas Wayne Voice, direct-to-video[52]
2016 Batman: The Killing Joke Bruce Wayne / Batman Voice, limited theatrical release[18]
Yoga Hosers Canadian Bat, Man! [53]
2017 Batman and Harley Quinn Bruce Wayne / Batman Voice, direct-to-video[18]
2019 Justice League vs. the Fatal Five
2024 Justice League: Crisis on Infinite Earths – Part Three Posthumous release
Voice, direct-to-video[28]


Year Title Role Notes
1978 How to Pick Up Girls! Bartender Television film[54]
1980 Another World Jerry Grove Recurring role[55]
1982 Born Beautiful Stan[56][57] Television film
A Midsummer Night's Dream Lysander[58]
1983 A Fine Romance Phil[59]
Kennedy Ted Kennedy Miniseries[60]
1984 George Washington John Laurens 1 episode[61]
1984–85 Search for Tomorrow Chase Kendall 79 episodes[55]
1985 Covenant Stephen Television film[62][63]
1985–86 Dynasty Bart Fallmont Recurring role; season 6[48]
1986 Matlock Clark Harrison Episode: "The Affair"[48]
Kay O'Brien David Episode: "Princess of the City"
Spenser: For Hire Gallagher Episode: "Shadowsight"[64]
1987 Ohara Captain Lloyd Hamilton Main role; season 1[48]
1987–88 Tour of Duty Captain Rusty Wallace Recurring role; season 1[48]
1988 Killer Instinct Dr. Steven Nelson Television film[65]
1990 So Proudly We Hail Francis Crosby Television film[66]
1989–90 Cheers Darryl Mead 2 episodes[67]
1990 The Face of Fear Frank Dwight Bollinger Television film[68]
WIOU Lenny Lubinsky Episode: "Pilot"[69]
1991 Murphy Brown Roger Harris Episode: "Terror on the 17th Floor"[67]
Hi Honey – I'm Dead Brad Stadler Television film[70]
1992 Rachel Gunn, R.N. Dr. David Dunkle Main role[71]
The Secret Passion of Robert Clayton Hunter Roy Evans Television film[72]
Battle in the Erogenous Zone Mondo Ray Television short[73]
1992–95 Batman: The Animated Series Bruce Wayne / Batman, additional voices Main voice role[18]
1994 Island City Colonel Tom Valdoon Television film[74]
1994 The New Adventures of Captain Planet Army Corps of Engineers Official Voice, episode: "Jail House Flock"[67]
1995 The Office Steve Gilman Main role[68]
1996 The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest Hardman Voice, episode: "Manhattan Maneater"[67]
1997–99 The New Batman Adventures Bruce Wayne / Batman Main voice role[18]
Superman: The Animated Series Voice, recurring role[18]
1999–2001 Batman Beyond Bruce Wayne / Batman, Stage Batman Main voice role[18]
2001 The Zeta Project Bruce Wayne / Batman Voice, episode: "Shadows"[18]
2001–04 Justice League Bruce Wayne / Batman, additional voices Voice, main role[18]
2002–04 Static Shock Bruce Wayne / Batman Voice, 5 episodes[18]
2004–06 Justice League Unlimited Bruce Wayne / Batman, Joe Chill Main voice role[18]
2006 The Batman John Grayson Voice, episode: "A Matter of Family"[18]
2008 Ben 10: Alien Force Bellicus Voice, episode: "X = Ben + 2"[18]
2009, 2013 The Venture Bros. Captain Sunshine Voice, 2 episodes[67]
2010 Batman: The Brave and the Bold Batman of Zur-En-Arrh, Phantom Stranger Voice, 2 episodes[18]
2013 DC Nation Shorts: Tales of Metropolis Bruce Wayne / Batman Voice, episode: "Lois Lane"[75]
2014 DC Nation Shorts: Batman Beyond Voice, television short[76]
DC Nation Shorts: Batman: Strange Days Voice, television short[77]
DC Nation Shorts: Shazam! Zeus Voice, episode: "Wisdom"[18]
2015 Turbo Fast Stinger Voice, episode: "The Sting of Injustice"[18]
2016–18 Justice League Action Bruce Wayne / Batman Main voice role[18]
2018 Teen Titans Go! Voice, episode: "Real Orangins"[18]
2019 Scooby-Doo and Guess Who? Voice, episode: "What a Night, For a Dark Knight!"[78]
Welcome to the Wayne Prismal Voice, 7 episodes[18]
Batwoman Bruce Wayne (Earth-99) Episode: "Crisis on Infinite Earths: Part Two";[79] Final on-screen role
Crisis Aftermath Himself Guest;[80] Final appearance
2021 Masters of the Universe: Revelation Mer-Man Voice, episode: "The Most Dangerous Man in Eternia"[81]
2022 He-Man and the Masters of the Universe Hordak Voice, episode: "The End of the Beginning (Part 2)"[82]

Video games

Year Title Voice role Notes
1994 The Adventures of Batman & Robin Bruce Wayne / Batman Sega CD version[83]
1999 Crusaders of Might and Magic Drake [84]
2001 Batman: Vengeance Bruce Wayne / Batman [18]
Jak and Daxter: The Precursor Legacy Fisherman [18]
2003 Max Payne 2: The Fall of Max Payne Lord Jack, Cleaner, Commando [48]
Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu Bruce Wayne / Batman [18]
Lords of EverQuest Lord Palasa [48]
2009 Batman: Arkham Asylum Bruce Wayne / Batman, Thomas Wayne [18]
2011 DC Universe Online Bruce Wayne / Batman [18]
Batman: Arkham City Bruce Wayne / Batman, Thomas Elliot / Hush [85]
Batman: Arkham City Lockdown Bruce Wayne / Batman [86]
2013 Injustice: Gods Among Us [87]
2015 Infinite Crisis [88][89]
Batman: Arkham Knight Bruce Wayne / Batman, Thomas Elliot / Hush [90]
2016 Batman: Arkham Underworld Bruce Wayne / Batman [91]
View-Master Batman Animated VR [18]
Batman: Arkham VR Bruce Wayne / Batman, Thomas Wayne [18]
2017 Injustice 2 Bruce Wayne / Batman [18]
2018 Lego DC Super-Villains [18]
2022 MultiVersus [92]
2024 Suicide Squad: Kill the Justice League Posthumous release; dedicated in memory[93]


Year Title Role Notes
TBA Ollie & Scoops The Creature (voice) Posthumous release


Year Title Role Notes
1980 Hamlet Performer Old Globe Theatre[94]
1981 Lolita Broadway[95]
1982 A Midsummer Night's Dream Old Globe Theatre[96]
1989 Eastern Standard Peter Kidde Broadway[41]

Awards and nominations

Year Award Category Work Result Ref.
2001 Annie Award Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting by a Male Performer in an Animated Television Production Batman Beyond, "Out of the Past" Nominated [97][98]
2015 Play Legit's Best Best Actor Batman: Arkham Knight Won [99]


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Preceded byAdam West Voice of Batman 1992–2006 Succeeded byRino Romano Preceded byJeremy Sisto Voice of Batman 2008–2022 Succeeded byVarious Others (concurrent)