Kh-90 GELA
(NATO reporting name: AS-X-21)
TypeAir-launched Hypersonic weapon
Place of originRussia
Production history
ManufacturerMKB Raduga, Turaevo TMKB Soyuz, TsAGI
Mass15 metric tons[1]
Length11 m [2][3]
Diameter0.8 - 0.9m
Warheadvarious: HE, FAE, TBX, two nuclear each 1.2 Mt
Warhead weight200 kg to < 1.6 ton HE , 200 kg < 1.82 ton TNW

Enginebooster + Ramjet Raduga TMKB Soyuz (or Scramjet ?) TsAGI
Propellantsolid propellant booster, liquid ramjet (or scramjet), kerosene
3000-4000[4] km
Maximum speed Mach 5+ [1]
inertial, TERCOM , GLONASS , Radar , IR IIR , TV camera , Opto-Electronic , CCD
Aircraft, can be loaded on ship ground TEL, maybe submarine

The Kh-90 GELA (Russian: ГЭЛА (гиперзвуковой экспериментальный летательный аппарат), Hypersonic Experimental Flight Vehicle) is a Soviet/Russian air-to-surface hypersonic missile. It was supposed to replace subsonic intermediate range missiles in the Soviet inventory. The missile was an ambitious project, as the main objective was to develop it into a hypersonic missile. It was to be a successor to the Kh-45, which never entered service.

The missile was designed by Raduga. It was equipped with a one-megaton thermonuclear warhead and used inertial navigation with mid-course update via data link. It had a maximum range of 3,000 km.

It was developed at the beginning of 1980, following the Kh-80 and Kholod projects.[5][6][7] It was shown to the public an MAKS Airshow 1995.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Karnozov, Vladimir. "Putin Reveals Zircon Mach 9 Missile Specification". Aviation International News.
  2. ^ [bare URL image file]
  3. ^ [bare URL image file]
  4. ^ "Американские военные сообщили об испытании Россией гиперзвуковой ракеты". Российская газета. 9 July 2015.
  5. ^ "В России создана гиперзвуковая ракета". Archived from the original on 2019-09-07. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
  6. ^ "Стратегическая крылатая ракета 3М-25 Метеорит (П-750 Гром ) - Ракетная техника".
  7. ^ "Х-90 ГЭЛА".