Khasab
خصب
Town
Central square of Khasab
Central square of Khasab
Map
Khasab is located in Oman
Khasab
Khasab
Location in Oman
Khasab is located in Persian Gulf
Khasab
Khasab
Khasab (Persian Gulf)
Coordinates: 26°11′N 56°15′E / 26.183°N 56.250°E / 26.183; 56.250
Country Oman
GovernorateMusandam Governorate
Population
 (2003)
 • Total17,730
Time zoneUTC+4 (GST)
Purple - Portuguese in the Persian Gulf in the 16th and 17th century. Main cities, ports and routes.

Khasab (Arabic: خَصَب, romanizedḪaṣab) is a town and local capital of the Musandam Governorate which is an exclave of Oman bordering the United Arab Emirates at the tip of the Musandam Peninsula by the Strait of Hormuz. It has been dubbed the "Norway of Arabia" because of its extensive fjord-like craggy inlets and desolate mountainscapes.[1][2][3][4]

The town is surrounded by the northern mountains of the Western Hajar Range.[5] Khasab has a fully functional hospital and several hotels, beaches and parks across the city. The city's population is dominated by ethnic Omanis from the mainland. Khasab also has a fort which is known as Khasab Fort. The sea port is dominated by the dhows which take tourists for a cruise across the natural, dry "fjords".

The town a popular tourist spot for residents of the UAE as the Khasab Coastal Road provides access to the town from the UAE by connecting with the E11 Highway in the UAE side. The town can also be accessed by the ferry which is maintained by the Government. The ferries are modern.[6]

History

The Portuguese built a fort at Khasab at the beginning of the 17th century, at the height of their naval presence in the region. The natural harbour gave shelter from rough seas. Unlike many forts, which were built on high ground for defensive purposes, Khasab fort was designed as a supply point for dates and water for Portuguese ships sailing through the strait. Today, Khasab is protected from floods by three large dams.[7]

Economy

Khasab Castle

Access to the area by land was virtually impossible until a modern coast road was built, which allows fast access from the United Arab Emirates, making Khasab a popular weekend destination for people living in the Emirates. The new road also allows access to the village of Tawi, where prehistoric drawings of boats, animals and warriors can be seen in the rock face.[7] Khasab also has a number of modern shopping areas with imported Irani goods and locally created pottery, and a few hotels, including the Khasab Hotel, Atana Musandam Resort and Atana Khasab Hotel, which sits on a cliff overlooking the Persian Gulf.[1]

Khasab has an interesting trading position, which hinges on its proximity to Iran. Iranians export sheep and goats into the local port, from where the animals are dispatched to the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia in trucks. On their return trip to the Islamic Republic, the sailors load their boats up with electronic goods and American cigarettes, arriving in Khasab after sunrise and leaving before sunset to conform with Omani immigration laws. Since the trading is illegal under Iranian law, they must avoid the Islamic Republic's coastguard as well as all other shipping in the busy waters of the Strait of Hormuz. The crossing is hazardous since the vessels, piled high either with livestock or with numerous boxes must avoid the path of the scores of oil-tankers which pass through the Strait in a transverse direction daily.[7] Recent increases of United States' sanctions against Iran have increased the amount of smuggling done through Khasab.[8]

Tourism

Telegraph Island. Dhow tours from Khasab take visitors to these remains of the former British telegraph station.

Boats from Khasab take tourists on trips to view the dolphins common in the waters around the Musandam, as well as to visit Telegraph Island, for a short time (between 1865 and 1868) the site of a staffed telegraph repeater station on the cable section between Bahrain and Bombay.[citation needed]

Climate

Khasab has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with very hot and humid summers and mild winters. Precipitation is low, and mostly falls from December to March.

On 27 June 2011 Khasab Airport recorded the world calendar day highest minimum temperature of 41.2 °C (106.2 °F), until Death Valley, California, United States, broke the record by 0.5 °C (0.9 °F) to record 41.7 °C (107.1 °F) on 12 July 2012.[9] On 17 June 2017, Khasab recorded the highest night-time low temperature of 44.2 °C (111.6 °F).[10]

Climate data for Khasab
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
32.0
(89.6)
37.5
(99.5)
43.0
(109.4)
46.2
(115.2)
49.0
(120.2)
47.7
(117.9)
47.5
(117.5)
44.0
(111.2)
41.4
(106.5)
36.0
(96.8)
31.0
(87.8)
49.0
(120.2)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
24.9
(76.8)
28.0
(82.4)
33.5
(92.3)
37.8
(100.0)
39.2
(102.6)
39.8
(103.6)
38.6
(101.5)
37.2
(99.0)
34.5
(94.1)
30.2
(86.4)
25.9
(78.6)
32.8
(91.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
20.8
(69.4)
23.8
(74.8)
28.7
(83.7)
32.8
(91.0)
34.4
(93.9)
35.3
(95.5)
34.7
(94.5)
33.1
(91.6)
30.1
(86.2)
25.7
(78.3)
21.7
(71.1)
28.4
(83.2)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
16.2
(61.2)
19.4
(66.9)
23.9
(75.0)
27.9
(82.2)
30.0
(86.0)
31.3
(88.3)
31.1
(88.0)
29.3
(84.7)
25.5
(77.9)
20.9
(69.6)
17.3
(63.1)
24.0
(75.3)
Record low °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
15.5
(59.9)
21.5
(70.7)
25.0
(77.0)
23.8
(74.8)
27.0
(80.6)
22.0
(71.6)
16.0
(60.8)
12.0
(53.6)
8.4
(47.1)
8.4
(47.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.8
(1.76)
49.1
(1.93)
46.3
(1.82)
8.8
(0.35)
1.9
(0.07)
0.0
(0.0)
0.8
(0.03)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.9
(0.11)
32.1
(1.26)
186.7
(7.33)
Average relative humidity (%) 63 66 62 53 60 63 66 70 69 63 61 62 63
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [11]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Karim, Rose Yasmin (February 21, 2009), "Fjords & flippers", The Star, retrieved November 11, 2009
  2. ^ Khasab, Oman Air, archived from the original on 2009-08-31, retrieved November 11, 2009
  3. ^ Musandam is a glimpse of the real Arabia, Travel Weekly, September 28, 2006, archived from the original on January 25, 2010, retrieved November 11, 2009
  4. ^ A Mountain Of Thirst, Outlook, February 2, 2004, archived from the original on 2006-02-21, retrieved November 11, 2009
  5. ^ Lancaster, Fidelity; Lancaster, William (2011). Honour is in Contentment: Life Before Oil in Ras Al-Khaimah (UAE) and Some Neighbouring Regions. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 3–598. ISBN 978-3-1102-2339-2.
  6. ^ "Fleet". National Ferries Company. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Wells, Rhona (February 1, 2004), The Norway of Arabia, The Middle East, retrieved November 11, 2009
  8. ^ Al Shaibany, Saleb (November 1, 2009). "US sanctions help Omani fishermen survive as smugglers". The National. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  9. ^ June 2011 Global Weather Extremes Summary, Weather Underground, September 8, 2011, archived from the original on July 1, 2015, retrieved September 8, 2011
  10. ^ Masters, Jeff (22 June 2017). "A World Record Low Humidity? 116°F With a 0.36% Humidity in Iran". Weather Underground. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Khasab Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 15, 2013.