Khunti district
Perua Gagh falls
Perua Gagh falls
Location of Khunti district in Jharkhand
Location of Khunti district in Jharkhand
Country India
State Jharkhand
DivisionSouth Chotanagpur
HeadquartersKhunti
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerSuraj Kumar, IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKhunti (shared with Simdega, Ranchi and Seraikela Kharsawan districts)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies3
Area
 • Total2,535 km2 (979 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total531,885
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy64.51%
 • Sex ratio994
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJH-23
Websitekhunti.nic.in

Khunti district is one of the twenty-four districts in South Chotanagpur division of the Indian state of Jharkhand. The district of Khunti was carved out of Ranchi district on 12 September 2007. As of 2011, it is the second least populous district of Jharkhand (out of 24), after Lohardaga.[1] Khunti town is the headquarters of the district. It is historically known as the birthplace of Birsa Munda, and being the centre of activity of the Birsa movement.[2][3]

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[4]

History

In ancient site of Saridkel, burnt bricks houses, red ware pottery, copper tools, coins and iron tools found which are belongs to early centuries CE.[5]

Politics

This section is transcluded from 5th Jharkhand Assembly. (edit | history)

No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
59 Torpa Koche Munda Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
60 Khunti Nilkanth Singh Munda Bharatiya Janata Party NDA

Administration

Blocks/Mandals

Khunti district has one sub-division and 6 blocks. The Deputy Commissioner (DC) of Khunti district is Mr.Suraj Kumar IAS. Khunti sub-division is the only sub-disvision in the district headed by the Sub-Divisional Magistrate(SDM) Mr. Pranav Kumar Pal. Khunti district has six community development blocks. The following are the list of the Blocks in Khunti district:

  1. Arki Block
  2. Khunti Block
  3. Murhu Block
  4. Rania Block
  5. Torpa Block
  6. karra Block

Demographics

Religions in Khunti District
Religion Percent
Sarna
45.37%
Hinduism
26.11%
Christianity
25.65%
Islam
2.47%
Other or not stated
0.41%

As of 2011 census of India, Khunti district has a population of 531,885,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Cape Verde.[6] This gives it a ranking of 541st in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 210 inhabitants per square kilometre (540/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.96%.[1] Khunti has a sex ratio of 994 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 64.51%.[1] Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 4.5% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 73.3% of total population.

Languages of Khunti district (2011)

  Mundari (61.72%)
  Sadri (27.79%)
  Hindi (5.78%)
  Kurmali (2.90%)
  Others (1.81%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 61.72% of the population in the district spoke Mundari, 27.79% Sadri, 5.78% Hindi and 2.9% Kurmali as their first language.[7]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901155,506—    
1911181,651+1.57%
1921174,763−0.39%
1931205,234+1.62%
1941219,412+0.67%
1951243,744+1.06%
1961270,551+1.05%
1971309,590+1.36%
1981334,112+0.77%
1991386,330+1.46%
2001434,819+1.19%
2011531,885+2.04%
source:[8]

Local places

Panchghagh waterfall has 5 streams to it. The Banai River branches itself out in five different streams, generating rivulets through the cluster of rocks.[citation needed]

Anganbari –Shiva Temple is a religious center of the district known for its Shiva Temple. Every year during Sawan season local festival is celebrate for one month long. On Maha-shivratri Day, temple is visited by many disciples from different regions of Jharkhand. It is located on Khunti-Torpa road 9 km from the district headquarters.[citation needed]

Dombari Buru rises above Sail Rakab village close to Ulihatu. It is in the hills of Dombari Buru where Birsa Munda led his legendary ulgulan (rebellion) against the British more than a century ago. It is located 50 km from the state capital.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  2. ^ Birsa Mumda commemorative postage stamp and biography India Post, 15 November 1988.
  3. ^ "Jharkhand Police". Retrieved 2009-03-10.[dead link]
  4. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  5. ^ "Asura Site Saridkhel". asiranchicircle. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Cape Verde 516,100 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  8. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

Coordinates: 23°04′12″N 85°16′48″E / 23.07000°N 85.28000°E / 23.07000; 85.28000