|In service||1986–present (Japan) |
|Manufacturer||Fuji Heavy Industries|
|Constructed||1965–1966 (as KiHa 35)|
|Number built||7 vehicles|
|Number in service||1 vehicle (as of 2020[update]) in Japan |
4 vehicles (as of 2020[update]) in Myanmar
|Number preserved||1 vehicle|
|Formation||2/3/4 cars per trainset (JNR/JR East)|
1 car multiple working DMU (Mizushima Rinkai Railway)
4/5 cars per trainset (Myanmar Railways)
JR East (1987–2012)
Mizushima Rinkai Railway (2014–present)
Myanmar Railways (2014–present)
|Line(s) served||Hachiko Line, Kawagoe Line, Kururi Line, Mizushima Main Line, Yangon Circular Railway|
|Car body construction||Steel|
|Car length||20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)|
|Width||2,929 mm (9 ft 7.3 in)|
|Doors||3 per side|
|Multiple working||KiHa 30, KiHa 37|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The KiHa 38 (キハ38) is a Japanese diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type introduced by the Japanese National Railways (JNR) in 1986. These are converted from ageing KiHa 35's to come up for the modernization through conversion into a new rolling stock before it was privatized in 1987.
After the JNR was privatised in 1987, all seven cars were transferred to JR East.
No KiHa 38s remain in service since they ceased operation on the Kururi Line in December 2012, along with the last KiHa 30 also retired by JR East on the same year, which got replaced by the new KiHa E130s on the same line.
In 2014, five cars were transferred to Myanmar Railways, and one car was transferred to Mizushima Rinkai Railway which entered service in May 2014.
In 2014, KiHa 38 1004 was transferred to the Mizushima Rinkai Railway and was renumbered to KiHa 38 103. It entered service on 12 May 2014.
Five former KiHa 38 railcars were shipped to Myanmar to be operated by Myanmar Railways in August 2014. They entered service in 2014.
The following cars were transferred to Myanmar:
|Former number||RBE body number by Myanmar Railways|
|KiHa 38-2||RBE 25101|
|KiHa 38-3||RBE 25102|
|KiHa 38-4||RBE 25103|
|KiHa 38-1001||RBE 25104|
|KiHa 38-1002||RBE 25105|