Kidder County
The Kidder County Courthouse in Steele
Map of North Dakota highlighting Kidder County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°59′N 99°47′W / 46.98°N 99.78°W / 46.98; -99.78
Country United States
State North Dakota
FoundedJanuary 4, 1873 (created)
March 22, 1881 (organized)
Named forJefferson Kidder
SeatSteele
Largest citySteele
Area
 • Total1,433 sq mi (3,710 km2)
 • Land1,351 sq mi (3,500 km2)
 • Water82 sq mi (210 km2)  5.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,394
 • Estimate 
(2021)
2,369
 • Density1.7/sq mi (0.65/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large

Kidder County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,394.[1] Its county seat is Steele.[2]

History

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on January 4, 1873, with areas partitioned from Buffalo County. The county government was not organized at that time, nor was the area attached to another county for administrative or judicial purposes. It was named for Jefferson Parrish Kidder,[3] a delegate to the United States Congress from Dakota Territory (1875–1879) and associate justice of the territorial supreme court (1865-1875, 1879-1883). The county government was effected on March 22, 1881.

The county boundaries were altered on 1879 with territory partitioned to Burleigh, and in 1885 with territory partitioned from Burleigh County. Its boundaries have remained unchanged since 1885.[4][5]

Outline map of Kidder County, North Dakota, 1912
Outline map of Kidder County, North Dakota, 1912

Geography

The terrain of Kidder County consists of hills dotted with lakes and ponds, largely devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain slopes to the east and south; its highest point is a hill near its northwestern corner, at 2,064' (629m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 1,433 square miles (3,710 km2), of which 1,351 square miles (3,500 km2) is land and 82 square miles (210 km2) (5.7%) is water.[8]

Major highways

Lakes

Adjacent counties

Protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188089
18901,2111,260.7%
19001,75444.8%
19105,962239.9%
19207,79830.8%
19308,0313.0%
19406,692−16.7%
19506,168−7.8%
19605,386−12.7%
19704,362−19.0%
19803,833−12.1%
19903,332−13.1%
20002,753−17.4%
20102,435−11.6%
20202,394−1.7%
2021 (est.)2,369−1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 2,753 people, 1,158 households, and 787 families in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 1,610 housing units at an average density of 1.27 per square mile (0.49/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.49% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.07% Asian, and 0.15% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 64.2% were of German and 15.4% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 1,158 households, out of which 27.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 4.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 29.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.91.

The county population contained 23.20% under the age of 18, 5.00% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 24.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 103.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,389, and the median income for a family was $30,469. Males had a median income of $23,056 versus $17,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,270. About 17.60% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 23.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,435 people, 1,059 households, and 722 families in the county.[14] The population density was 1.8 inhabitants per square mile (0.69/km2). There were 1,674 housing units at an average density of 1.2 per square mile (0.46/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 96.3% white, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 1.9% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 65.8% were German, 21.8% were Norwegian, 8.2% were Russian, 6.0% were English, and 1.7% were American.[16]

Of the 1,059 households, 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.77. The median age was 47.2 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,250 and the median income for a family was $47,981. Males had a median income of $35,380 versus $24,330 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,502. About 15.1% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 23.1% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Unorganized territories

Politics

Kidder County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In no national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2020).

United States presidential election results for Kidder County, North Dakota[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,215 83.22% 221 15.14% 24 1.64%
2016 1,111 80.74% 179 13.01% 86 6.25%
2012 870 65.51% 393 29.59% 65 4.89%
2008 752 61.24% 422 34.36% 54 4.40%
2004 902 65.89% 433 31.63% 34 2.48%
2000 837 65.60% 283 22.18% 156 12.23%
1996 691 50.00% 434 31.40% 257 18.60%
1992 739 43.19% 468 27.35% 504 29.46%
1988 1,039 59.00% 678 38.50% 44 2.50%
1984 1,240 68.62% 506 28.00% 61 3.38%
1980 1,474 77.05% 326 17.04% 113 5.91%
1976 954 47.16% 936 46.27% 133 6.57%
1972 1,315 67.06% 557 28.40% 89 4.54%
1968 1,204 61.84% 548 28.15% 195 10.02%
1964 1,104 51.32% 1,047 48.68% 0 0.00%
1960 1,574 64.43% 868 35.53% 1 0.04%
1956 1,523 68.08% 708 31.65% 6 0.27%
1952 2,195 81.93% 468 17.47% 16 0.60%
1948 1,510 63.71% 773 32.62% 87 3.67%
1944 1,397 66.43% 693 32.95% 13 0.62%
1940 2,214 72.31% 837 27.34% 11 0.36%
1936 872 29.74% 1,492 50.89% 568 19.37%
1932 709 25.39% 2,042 73.14% 41 1.47%
1928 1,200 49.94% 1,190 49.52% 13 0.54%
1924 844 39.42% 110 5.14% 1,187 55.44%
1920 1,855 80.69% 336 14.62% 108 4.70%
1916 604 42.81% 650 46.07% 157 11.13%
1912 322 38.61% 218 26.14% 294 35.25%
1908 769 72.55% 242 22.83% 49 4.62%
1904 447 87.13% 53 10.33% 13 2.53%
1900 225 74.01% 70 23.03% 9 2.96%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Kidder County, North Dakota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 174.
  4. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  5. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c Kidder County ND Google Maps (accessed February 21, 2019)
  7. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Kidder County ND" Google Maps (accessed February 21, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  9. ^ Long Alkaline Lake/ND Game & Fish Div (accessed February 21, 2019)
  10. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.

Coordinates: 46°59′N 99°47′W / 46.98°N 99.78°W / 46.98; -99.78