Kim Man-jung
Korean name
Revised RomanizationGim Manjung
McCune–ReischauerKim Manchung
Pen name
Revised RomanizationSeopo
Courtesy name
Revised RomanizationJungsuk

Kim Man-jung (Hangul: 김만중, Hanja: 金萬重; 6 March 1637 – 14 June 1692)[1] was a Korean novelist and politician. He was one of the eminent Neo-Confucian scholars of the Joseon period.

Life and work

A member of the yangban class, Kim passed the state civil service examination and rose through the official ranks to become an academic counselor and minister during the reign of King Sukjong. He was exiled twice for involvement in the political factionalism of the time.[2]

As a man of letters, his most renowned works were the novels "Record of Lady Sa's Trip to the South" (謝氏南征記) and "The Cloud Dream of the Nine" (九雲夢). The former is a novel about family affairs set in China, but it is also a satirical depiction of the political reality of his day, and in particular a rebuke of King Sukjong. The latter is one of the most prominent novels of traditional Korea. It is said that Kim wrote The Cloud Dream of the Nine during his second exile.[3] It is an ideal novel dealing with the affairs of life and is centered on the travails of the hero. It has a highly Buddhist overtone, with an emphasis on the transience of worldly glory and pleasure.


See also


  1. ^ In Lunar Calendar, Kim was born on 10 February 1637 and died on 30 April 1692.
  2. ^ Tai-jin Kim. 1976. A Bibliographic Guide to Traditional Korean Sources. Seoul: Asiatic Research Center, 351.
  3. ^ Tai-jin Kim. 1976. A Bibliographic Guide to Traditional Korean Sources. Seoul: Asiatic Research Center, 356.
  4. ^ His daughter married Kim Sang-yong (김상용, 金尙容), and eventually became the maternal grandmother of Queen Inseon.
  5. ^ His great-grandson, Kim Su-in (김수인, 金壽仁), became the father-in-law to Queen Jangryeol’s older brother, Jo Yun-seok (조윤석, 趙胤錫) (1615 – 1664).
  6. ^ Kim Jang-saeng’s first wife.
  7. ^ The younger brother of Kim Jip.
  8. ^ Kim Ban’s second wife and daughter of Seo Joo (서주, 徐澍).
  9. ^ Daughter of Kim Eon (김언).
  10. ^ He is the eldest son of Princess Jeonghye (King Seonjo’s daughter and Prince Jeongwon’s younger sister).
  11. ^ His younger brother, Yun Gu (윤구, 尹坵) (1606 – 1637), became the 14th great-grandfather of Empress Sunjeonghyo.
  12. ^ Yun is a great-grandson of Yun Doo-su.
  13. ^ First wife and Queen of King Sukjong.
  14. ^ Daughter of Yi Eun-sang (이은상) and relative of Yi Dan-sang (이단상).
  15. ^ Her sister married Queen Inhyeon’s older brother, Min Jin-hu (1659 – 1720) (민진후).
  16. ^ Another sister became the adoptive Great-great-great-great-grandmother of Queen Cheorin
  17. ^ A relative of Yi Yi-myeong.