Kimmirut
ᑭᒻᒥᕈᑦ
Kimmirut, Nunavut
Kimmirut, Nunavut
Kimmirut is located in Nunavut
Kimmirut
Kimmirut
Kimmirut is located in Canada
Kimmirut
Kimmirut
Coordinates: [1] 62°50′48″N 069°52′19″W / 62.84667°N 69.87194°W / 62.84667; -69.87194Coordinates: [1] 62°50′48″N 069°52′19″W / 62.84667°N 69.87194°W / 62.84667; -69.87194
CountryCanada
TerritoryNunavut
RegionQikiqtaaluk
Electoral districtSouth Baffin
Anglican mission1909
Government
 • MayorMaliktuk Lyta
 • MLADavid Joanasie
Area
 • Total2.27 km2 (0.88 sq mi)
Elevation53 m (174 ft)
Population
 (2016)[4]
 • Total389
 • Density171.7/km2 (445/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Canadian Postal code
Area code(s)867
Websitewww.kimmirut.ca

Kimmirut (Syllabics: ᑭᒻᒥᕈᑦ IPA: [kimːiɢut]; known as Lake Harbour until 1 January 1996) is a community in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada. It is located on the shore of Hudson Strait on Baffin Island's Meta Incognita Peninsula. Kimmirut means "heel", and refers to a rocky outcrop in the inlet.

It was at one time a Hudson's Bay Company trading post, and a Royal Canadian Mounted Police post. The Canadian explorer J. Dewey Soper used these posts as headquarters during his explorations in the 1920s and 1930s.

The community is served by Kimmirut Airport and by annual supply sealift. A proposal in 2005 for a road to Iqaluit was determined to be impractical owing to roundabout routing over the mountains.

Demographics

Federal census population history of Kimmirut
YearPop.±%
1976235—    
1981252+7.2%
1986326+29.4%
1991365+12.0%
1996397+8.8%
2001433+9.1%
2006411−5.1%
2011455+10.7%
2016389−14.5%
2021426+9.5%
Source: Statistics Canada
[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Kimmirut had a population of 426 living in 116 of its 150 total private dwellings, a change of 9.5% from its 2016 population of 389. With a land area of 2.3 km2 (0.89 sq mi), it had a population density of 185.2/km2 (479.7/sq mi) in 2021.[14]

Image gallery

Broadband communications

The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone. The Qiniq network is designed and operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, and 2G-GSM for mobile voice.

Climate

Kimmirut has an Arctic climate (Köppen: ET), although it is well outside the Arctic Circle. The city has cold winters and short summers that are too cool to permit the growth of trees. It is north of the tree line, and average monthly temperatures are below freezing for eight months of the year. Kimmirut averages just over 335 mm (13.2 in) of precipitation annually, wetter than many other localities in the Arctic Archipelago, with the summer being the wettest season.

Climate data for Kimmirut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
4.0
(39.2)
5.0
(41.0)
7.0
(44.6)
15.0
(59.0)
26.0
(78.8)
29.0
(84.2)
31.0
(87.8)
22.0
(71.6)
18.0
(64.4)
6.0
(42.8)
3.0
(37.4)
31.0
(87.8)
Average high °C (°F) −21.0
(−5.8)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−16.0
(3.2)
−8.0
(17.6)
0.0
(32.0)
8.0
(46.4)
13.0
(55.4)
12.0
(53.6)
6.0
(42.8)
0.0
(32.0)
−7.0
(19.4)
−15.0
(5.0)
−4.1
(24.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −26.0
(−14.8)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−13.0
(8.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
4.5
(40.1)
8.5
(47.3)
8.0
(46.4)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.0
(26.6)
−11.5
(11.3)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−8.37
(16.93)
Average low °C (°F) −31.0
(−23.8)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−7.0
(19.4)
1.0
(33.8)
4.0
(39.2)
4.0
(39.2)
0.0
(32.0)
−6.0
(21.2)
−16.0
(3.2)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−12.7
(9.1)
Record low °C (°F) −45.0
(−49.0)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−44.0
(−47.2)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
−3.0
(26.6)
−13.0
(8.6)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−36.0
(−32.8)
−44.0
(−47.2)
−47.0
(−52.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16.4
(0.65)
14.5
(0.57)
15.5
(0.61)
24.0
(0.94)
30.0
(1.18)
30.0
(1.18)
31.0
(1.22)
40.4
(1.59)
43.4
(1.71)
34.9
(1.37)
30.0
(1.18)
25.4
(1.00)
335.5
(13.21)
Source: MSN Monthly Averages and Records [15]

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kimmirut". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada.
  2. ^ Nunavummiut vie for council positions in upcoming hamlet elections
  3. ^ Results for the constituency of South Baffin Archived 2013-11-14 at the Wayback Machine at Elections Nunavut
  4. ^ a b "Census Profile, 2016 Census Kimmirut". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  5. ^ Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
  6. ^ "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  7. ^ "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  8. ^ "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  9. ^ "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  10. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. August 15, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  11. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. August 20, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  12. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. July 25, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  13. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  14. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  15. ^ "Kimmirut, CAN". iMap by Singapore MSN Weather. Archived from the original on 2014-01-08. Retrieved 2014-01-08.

Further reading

  • Fisher, Kyra Vladykov. Guide to Kimmirut Artists, 2005-2006. [Kimmirut]: Municipality of Kimmirut, 2005. ISBN 0-9739416-0-X
  • Woodley, S. B. Community Based Tourism in Kimmirut, Baffin Island, Nunavut Regional Versus Local Attitudes. Ottawa: National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada, 2001. ISBN 0-612-55010-9