Native toMalaysia
RegionNorthern Sarawak, Borneo
Native speakers
(2,500 cited 1981)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3kyi
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Kiput is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken in northern Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia.


While the Northern Sarawakan languages in general are known for unusual phonological developments, Kiput stands out from the rest.[2]


Kiput has 8 monophthongs /i ɪ e u ʊ o ə a/, at least 12 diphthongs /iw ew uj oj əj əw aj aw iə̯ eə̯ uə̯ oə̯/ and two triphthongs /iə̯j iə̯w/.


Kiput consonants
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive Voiceless p t c k ʔ
Voiced b d (ɟ) ɡ
Fricative f s h
Liquid Lateral l
Rhotic r
Semivowel w j


  1. ^ Kiput at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Kiput 2005, p. 241.

Further reading

  • Blust, Robert (2002). "Kiput Historical Phonology". Oceanic Linguistics. 42 (2): 384–438. doi:10.1353/ol.2002.0004. S2CID 145323053.
  • Blust, Robert (2004). A Short Morphology, Phonology and Vocabulary of Kiput, Sarawak. Pacific Linguistics 546. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. doi:10.15144/PL-546. hdl:1885/146714.
  • Blust, Robert A. (7 December 2005). "Must sound change be linguistically motivated?". Diachronica. 22 (2): 219–269. doi:10.1075/dia.22.2.02blu. Archived from the original on 17 June 2022.
  • Ray, Sidney H. (1913). "The Languages of Borneo". The Sarawak Museum Journal. 1 (4): 1–196.