Kolami
कोलामी
The word "Kolami" written in Devanagari script
Native toIndia
RegionMaharastra, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh
Ethnicity239,583 Kolam (2011 census)[1]
Native speakers
128,451, 54% of ethnic population (2011 census)[2]
Dravidian
  • Central
    • Kolami–Naiki
      • Kolami
Devanagari, Telugu script
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
kfb – Northwestern Kolami
nit – Southeastern Kolami (Naiki)
Glottolognort2699

Kolami (Northwestern Kolami/Southeastern Kolami) is a tribal Central Dravidian language spoken in Maharashtra and Telangana states of India. It falls under the Kolami–Naiki group of languages. It is the most widely spoken Central Dravidian language.

Sathupati Prasanna Sree has developed a unique script for use with the language.[citation needed]

Phonology

Vowels[3]
Front Central Back
short long short long short long
High i u
Mid e o
Low a
Consonants[3]
Labial Dental/
Alveolar
Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t ʈ t͡ʃ k
voiced b d ɖ d͡ʒ ɡ
Fricative voiceless s h
voiced z
Approximant central ʋ j
lateral l
Rhotic r

References

  1. ^ "A-11 Individual Scheduled Tribe Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  3. ^ a b Krishnamurti, Bhadriraju (2003). The Dravidian Languages. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-139-43533-8.