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Коми-Ёдз кыл
Native toRussia
RegionPerm Krai
Native speakers
(undated figure of 2,000[citation needed])
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Yazva Komi is classified as Severely Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger (2010)

The Komi-Yazva language (Коми-Ёдз кыл, Komi-Yodz kyl) is spoken mostly in Krasnovishersky District of Perm Krai in Russia, in the basin of the Yazva (Yodz) River. It is a Permic language closely related to Komi-Zyrian and Permyak. It has no official status.

About two thousand speakers densely live in Krasnovishersky District.

Komi-Yazva is to the east (in dark blue)


Availability[clarification needed] of the particular vowels together with features of phonetics and stress system led Finnish linguist Arvid Genetz in 1889 to consider Komi-Jazva as a separate dialect.[citation needed] Later, this decision was confirmed by the famous Finno-Ugricist Vasily Lytkin, who studied the Komi-Jazva idiom in depth from 1949 until 1953.[citation needed]


Area and number

In the early 1960s, about 2,000 speakers lived compactly on the territory of Krasnovishersky District of Perm Krai (Antipinskaya, Parshakovskaya, Bychinskaya and Verkh-Yazvinskaya village administrations). In total, there were about 3,000 language-speakers.[1]


The presence of special vowel sounds, specific phonetics and accent system allowed first Finnish linguist Arvid Genetz, who studied the people in 1889, and then the Finno-Ugric philologist Vasily Lytkin, who visited the Komi-Yazvinians three times between 1949 and 1953, to identify the Komi-Yazvinians as a separate dialect.[1] Some researchers consider it to be a dialect of the Komi-Permyak language.[2]


The first Komi-Yazva primer was printed in 2003. Its author was the teacher of the Parshavskaya school A. L. Parshakova. This book also became the first one ever printed in Komi-Yazva language.

А а Б б В в Г г Д д Е е Ё ё Ж ж
З з И и Й й К к Л л М м Н н О о
Ө ө Ӧ ӧ П п Р р С с Т т У у Ӱ ӱ
Ф ф Х х Ц ц Ч ч Ш ш Щ щ Ъ ъ Ы ы
Ь ь Э э Ю ю Я я

See also


  1. ^ a b Vasily Lytkin (1961). The Komi-Yazvin dialect. Academy of Sciences of the USSR Publishing House.
  2. ^ I︠A︡zyki mira. Uralʹskie i︠a︡zyki. V. N. I︠A︡rt︠s︡eva, I︠U︡. S. Eliseev, K. E. Maĭtinskai︠a︡, O. I. Romanova, Institut i︠a︡zykoznanii︠a︡. Moskva: Nauka. 1993. ISBN 5-02-011069-8. OCLC 28635260.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)