Alternative namesKopalnik (sing.)
Place of originSilesia, Poland
Serving temperatureCold
Main ingredientsAnise, melissa

Kopalnioki (English: Liquorice, German: Lakritz Bonbons) is a hard Silesian candy without filling, with a mint-anise taste, common since the end of the nineteenth-century.


The candy are produced from sugar, anise oil, hypericum extract, melissa and mint as well as colouring - carbo medicinalis.[1]


The name of the candy (kopalnioki, a variation of the Polish word for coal mines, kopalnie or coal miners, kopalnicy) can be explained by the dark colour and coal chunk shape of the sweet. Other explanations state the candy was given to coal miners to protect their throat from coal particles.[2] Coal miners would often take a few pieces for their children and as such popularised the sweet.[3]

See also


  1. ^ "Visa Bell - Śląskie produkty tradycyjne - Śląskie Kopalnioki". www.oblaty.pl. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  2. ^ "słodycze – Zdrowie To Podstawa". www.eko-cafe.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  3. ^ Szołtysek, Marek. "Kto nam ukradł kopalnioki?". Dziennikzachodni.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 24 August 2017.