Korba
Power City Industrial Capital of Chhattisgarh
Shopping mall in Korba, Chhattisgarh.jpg
CSEB Thermal Power plant Darri, Korba Chimney and Boiler unit view outside of power plant.jpg
Cooling tower in CSEB west thermal power plant darri, Korba Chhattisgarh.jpg
BALCO, Aluminium power plant, Korba , Chhattisgarh.jpg
GEVRA DUMPERS.jpg
Deopahri.jpg
TP nagar road Korba, Chhattisgarh.jpg
Raja Vikramaditya Pali Shivamandir.jpg
Flora of Chaiturgarh forest hills Korba , Chhattisgarh.jpg
(महिषासुर मर्दिनी मंदिर, चैतुरगढ़, कोरबा) Mahishasur Mardini temple Chaiturgarh Korba, Chhattisgarh.jpg
Sunset view in Satrenga.png
From top, left to right: Palm mall, CSEB west Chimney and Cooling tower , BALCO aluminium plant, Dumpers at Gevra coalmines, Deopahri Forest range ,Transport Nagar road, Korba Urjadhani Logo, Pali Ancient shiv mandir, Chaiturgarh hills, Chaiturgarh temple, Sunset in Satrenga
Korba is located in Chhattisgarh
Korba
Korba
Location in Chhattisgarh, India
Korba is located in India
Korba
Korba
Korba (India)
Coordinates: 22°21′N 82°41′E / 22.35°N 82.68°E / 22.35; 82.68Coordinates: 22°21′N 82°41′E / 22.35°N 82.68°E / 22.35; 82.68
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DistrictKorba
Named forPahadi korwas
Government
 • BodyNagar Nigam Korba
 • MayorRajkishor Prasad (INC)
 • PresidentShyam Sunder Soni (INC)[1]
Elevation
316 m (1,037 ft)
Population
 (Urban 2011)
 • Total365,253
 • Rank126th
DemonymKorbites
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
495677 (Korba)[2]
Area code7759
Vehicle registrationCG-12
Sex ratio927 /
Websitewww.korba.gov.in

Korba is a city and an industrial area in Korba District in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. Korba was erstwhile part of Bilaspur District before 25 May 1998 later that Korba was made a separate District for ease of administration but it is still under Bilaspur Division. Korba is called power capital of Chhattisgarh due to its Coal reserves and Industrial base for multiple thermal based power plants from Public sector like NTPC Limited, CSEB from State of Chhattisgarh as well as from private sector apart from Power plants Korba has the Asia's second largest and India's largest open cast coal mine in Gevra area of Korba Coalfield. Korba produces 140 Million tons of coal every year which accounts for 17% of Country's total coal production and 85% of Chhattisgarh Coal production. BALCO Private owned Aluminium producer  has its smelter Aluminium Plant in Korba. Here mainly the protected tribal tribe Korwa (Pahadi Korwa) resides. Korba district is blessed by lush green forests from all around, a large population of tribals is found here. The tribals here prefer to live in harmony with the environment in the forest area due to which they have retained their distinctive cultural characteristics and traditional practices.

Geography

Korba is located at 22°21′N 82°41′E / 22.35°N 82.68°E / 22.35; 82.68.[3] It has an average elevation of 252 m (827 ft). As of 2011 India census,[4] Korba city had a population of 365,253. Korba City is a part of the Korba District which was formed on 25 May 1998. The forest area cover of Korba is 4,187.375 km2 (1,616.755 sq mi). There are 17 police stations in Korba and it contains five blocks.[5]

Economy

[6][7][8]Korba Super Thermal Power Plant of NTPC is located at Jamanipali area. It receives coal from Gevra and Kusmunda mines and source of water for the power plant is Hasdeo River.[9] Korba Thermal Power Station is owned and operated by National Thermal Power Corporation.[10][11] There are more small Power Plant near city like Hasdeo Thermal Power Station, Dr Shyama Prasad Mukharjee Thermal Power Station and Lanco Amarkantak Power Plant.

Bharat Aluminium Company has plant which is one of the Asia's largest aluminium production industries. In 2009, chimney under construction by Gannon Dunkerley & Company at the Balco smelter collapsed killing 49 workers and GDCL management have been accused of negligence in the incident.[12][13][14][15]

Government and jurisdiction

Korba is headquarter of Korba district. Korba City has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor-council form of government.

Korba (Lok Sabha constituency) is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency for the city and constituency is composed of the following assembly segments:[16] Rampur (ST) (assembly constituency no. 20), Korba (assembly constituency no. 21), Katghora (assembly constituency no. 22) and Pali-Tanakhar (ST) (assembly constituency no. 23) is part of Korba district. Currently, Jyotsna Charan Das Mahant of Indian National Congress is a member of parliament to the 17th Lok Sabha and Jai Singh Agrawal of Indian National Congress sitting Member of the Legislative Assembly from Korba (Vidhan Sabha constituency).[17]

Transport

By Air

Nearest airport is Bilaspur Airport which is 100 km (62 mi). Raipur Airport is also well connected airport which is 220 km (140 mi) away from Korba city.

Rail

Korba railway station is connected to Champa, the nearest railway junction on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. The stations comes under South East Central Railway Zone. It is directly connected to Bilaspur which the Divisional Headquarter by rail. The 50.7 km (32 mi) long, 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge was constructed between 1953 and 1956, electrified in 1987 and 1988, and extended to Gevra Road railway station in 1988 and 1989.[18][19] New line surveys of Indian Railway were taken during 2012 and 2013, and included a line from Renukoot-Korba via Ambikapur Katghora and Korba-Ranchi.[20]

Road

Korba is well connected with Champa through NH 149B, Ambikapur and Bilaspur through NH 130.

Education

Schools

College

See also

References

  1. ^ Korba Nagar Nigam Sabhapati पद पर Congress का कब्जा – Congress के Shyam Sunder Soni बने सभापति [Congress captures the post of Korba Nagar Nigam Sabhapati. Shyam Sunder Soni of Congress becomes the chairman]. IBC24 (in Hindi). 10 January 2020. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ Korba
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Korba
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  5. ^ "Demography of Korba District". Government of Chhattisgarh. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
  6. ^ "Coal Mine Project Opportunity" (PDF). Korba Coalfield. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
  7. ^ "Question remains on CIL's expansion projects in Chhattisgarh – Question remains on CIL's expansion projects in Chhattisgarh". Financial Express, 13 April 2011. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  8. ^ "CIL's SECL makes day record for coal output in March". Steelguru, 13 April 2007. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
  9. ^ "NTPC Korba". Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  10. ^ Chhattisgarh State Power Generation Company, "Thermal power stations" Archived 11 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Chhattisgarh State Power Generation Company website, accessed February 2012.
  11. ^ "Page Title". Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  12. ^ http://in.news.yahoo.com/43/20090924/812/tnl-balco-chimney-crash-deaths-climb-to.html[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Balco chimney mishap: Three Chinese officials arrested in Korba". Hindustan Times. 11 January 2010. Archived from the original on 15 January 2010. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  14. ^ Anderlini, Jamil (29 September 2009). "India questions Sepco staff over chimney collapse". Financial Times. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  15. ^ "25 die in accident at BALCO's new plant at Korba". Business Standard. 24 September 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2009.
  16. ^ "CandidateAC.xls file on assembly constituencies with information on district and parliamentary constituencies". Chhattisgarh. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 4 December 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2008.
  17. ^ Korba (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  18. ^ Moonis Raza & Yash Aggarwal (1986). Transport Geography of India: Commodity Flow and the Regional Structure of Indian Economy. page 60. Concept Publishing Company, A-15/16 Commercial Block, Mohan Garden, New Delhi – 110059. ISBN 81-7022-089-0. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  19. ^ "History of Electrification". India Rail Info.
  20. ^ What is new in Railway Budget 2012-13