Power City Industrial Capital of Chhattisgarh
From top, left to right: Palm mall, CSEB west Chimney and Cooling tower , BALCO aluminium plant, Dumpers at Gevra coalmines, Deopahri Forest range ,Transport Nagar road, Korba Urjadhani Logo, Pali Ancient shiv mandir, Chaiturgarh hills, Chaiturgarh temple, Sunset in Satrenga
Location in Chhattisgarh, India
|Named for||Pahadi korwas|
|• Body||Nagar Nigam Korba|
|• Mayor||Rajkishor Prasad (INC)|
|• President||Shyam Sunder Soni (INC)|
|Elevation||316 m (1,037 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Sex ratio||927 ♂/♀|
Korba is a city and an industrial area in Korba District in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. Korba was erstwhile part of Bilaspur District before 25 May 1998 later that Korba was made a separate District for ease of administration but it is still under Bilaspur Division. Korba is called power capital of Chhattisgarh due to its Coal reserves and Industrial base for multiple thermal based power plants from Public sector like NTPC Limited, CSEB from State of Chhattisgarh as well as from private sector apart from Power plants Korba has the Asia's second largest and India's largest open cast coal mine in Gevra area of Korba Coalfield. Korba produces 140 Million tons of coal every year which accounts for 17% of Country's total coal production and 85% of Chhattisgarh Coal production. BALCO Private owned Aluminium producer has its smelter Aluminium Plant in Korba. Here mainly the protected tribal tribe Korwa (Pahadi Korwa) resides. Korba district is blessed by lush green forests from all around, a large population of tribals is found here. The tribals here prefer to live in harmony with the environment in the forest area due to which they have retained their distinctive cultural characteristics and traditional practices.
Korba is located at. It has an average elevation of 252 m (827 ft). As of 2011[update] India census, Korba city had a population of 365,253. Korba City is a part of the Korba District which was formed on 25 May 1998. The forest area cover of Korba is 4,187.375 km2 (1,616.755 sq mi). There are 17 police stations in Korba and it contains five blocks.
Korba Super Thermal Power Plant of NTPC is located at Jamanipali area. It receives coal from Gevra and Kusmunda mines and source of water for the power plant is Hasdeo River. Korba Thermal Power Station is owned and operated by National Thermal Power Corporation. There are more small Power Plant near city like Hasdeo Thermal Power Station, Dr Shyama Prasad Mukharjee Thermal Power Station and Lanco Amarkantak Power Plant.
Bharat Aluminium Company has plant which is one of the Asia's largest aluminium production industries. In 2009, chimney under construction by Gannon Dunkerley & Company at the Balco smelter collapsed killing 49 workers and GDCL management have been accused of negligence in the incident.
Korba is headquarter of Korba district. Korba City has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor-council form of government.
Korba (Lok Sabha constituency) is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency for the city and constituency is composed of the following assembly segments: Rampur (ST) (assembly constituency no. 20), Korba (assembly constituency no. 21), Katghora (assembly constituency no. 22) and Pali-Tanakhar (ST) (assembly constituency no. 23) is part of Korba district. Currently, Jyotsna Charan Das Mahant of Indian National Congress is a member of parliament to the 17th Lok Sabha and Jai Singh Agrawal of Indian National Congress sitting Member of the Legislative Assembly from Korba (Vidhan Sabha constituency).
Nearest airport is Bilaspur Airport which is 100 km (62 mi). Raipur Airport is also well connected airport which is 220 km (140 mi) away from Korba city.
Korba railway station is connected to Champa, the nearest railway junction on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. The stations comes under South East Central Railway Zone. It is directly connected to Bilaspur which the Divisional Headquarter by rail. The 50.7 km (32 mi) long, 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge was constructed between 1953 and 1956, electrified in 1987 and 1988, and extended to Gevra Road railway station in 1988 and 1989. New line surveys of Indian Railway were taken during 2012 and 2013, and included a line from Renukoot-Korba via Ambikapur Katghora and Korba-Ranchi.
Korba is well connected with Champa through NH 149B, Ambikapur and Bilaspur through NH 130.