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Koriya district
Koriya Palace
Koriya Palace
Location in Chhattisgarh
Location in Chhattisgarh
Map
Koriya district
CountryIndia
StateChhattisgarh
DivisionSurguja
HeadquartersBaikunthpur
Tehsils3
Government
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies1
Area
 • Total6,604 km2 (2,550 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total247,427
 • Density37/km2 (97/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy71.41
 • Sex ratio971
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
PIN
497xxx (Koriya)[1]
Major highways1
Websitekorea.gov.in

Koriya district, officially known as Korea district, is a district in the north-western part of the Chhattisgarh state in Central India. The administrative headquarters of the district is Baikunthpur.

History

See also: Changbhakar State and Korea State

Little is known of the area before the 16th century. Koriya was a princely state of British Empire in India; the other princely state that lay within the Koriya district was Chang Bhakar. After Indian Independence in 1947, the rulers of Koriya and Chang Bhakar acceded to the Union of India on 1 January 1948 and both were made part of Surguja District of Madhya Pradesh state.

The district of Koriya came into existence on May 25, 1998, when it was carved out of Surguja district. After the formation of the new state of Chhattisgarh on November 1, 2000, Koriya District became part of the new state. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[2]

Geography

Koriya District lies between 22°56′ and 23°48′ North and 81°56′ and 82°47′ East. It is bounded on the north-west by Manendragarh-Chirmiri-Bharatpur district, on the south by Korba District, on the east by Surajpur District. The area of the district is 5977 km2, of which 59.9% is forest area. The district is a vast mass of hill ranges. The general height of the lower tableland is 550 m (1800 feet) above sea level. The Sonhat Plateau has a maximum elevation of 755 m (2477 feet). The highest peak in the district is Deogarh, which is 1027 m (3370 feet) high.

The climate is mild with a monsoon, a mild summer and a bearable[citation needed] winter.

Divisions

Koriya District consists of two subdivisions: Baikunthpur and Sonhat. The district encompasses 653 villages, 3 Janpad Panchayats, 236 garam Panchayats, 2 Nagar Panchayats and 1 municipality.[3]

Demographics

Religions in Koriya district (2011)[4]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
92.31%
Islam
3.95%
Other (Tribal religion)
1.92%
Christianity
1.61%
Other or not stated
0.21%
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Koriya district has a population of 658,917,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Montenegro[6] or the US state of Vermont.[7] This gives it a ranking of 510th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 100 inhabitants per square kilometre (260/sq mi).[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.4%.[5] Koriya has a sex ratio of 968 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 71.41%.[5]

After bifurcation, the district had a population of 247,427. 29.30% of the population lived in urban areas. Koriya has a sex ratio of 964 females per 1000 males. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 20,437 (8.30%) and 97,124 (39.25%) of the population respectively.[5]

According to the 2001 census, the total population of the district was 586,327 out of which 51.38% were male and 48.62% were female, 70.2% of this population was rural and 29.8% were urban, 8.2% belonged to the scheduled castes and 44.4% belonged to the scheduled tribes. Literacy rate was 63.1%, the male literacy rate being 75.7% and female literacy being 49.7%.

The original inhabitants of Korea district were the Kols, Gonds and Bhuinhars (Pando). All other communities in the district claim to have come from outside the district. Migration into Korea District was a continuous process. These migrants include the Cherva, Rajwars, Sahu, Ahir, Gwalas, Oraon, Gadaria (Gaderi), Koir, Bargah, Basods, Muslims, Kahars, Kunbi, Kewats, Guptas, Jaiswal, Schedule Caste, Agrawals, and Jains, and panika.

Languages

Languages in Koriya district (2011)[8]

  Surgujia (68.07%)
  Hindi (20.62%)
  Kurukh (3.14%)
  Chhattisgarhi (1.74%)
  Bhojpuri (1.12%)
  Others (5.31%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 68.07% of the population in the district spoke Surgujia, 20.62% Hindi, 3.14% Kurukh, 1.74% Chhattisgarhi and 1.12% Bhojpuri as their first language.[8]

Culture

Three community dances, the Karma, Saila and Suva Dance are celebrated mainly in the district during different festivals. The main festivals of India such as Diwali, Dashehra and Holi are also celebrated in Korea District. Some other festivals are also special among the Koriyan communities, such as Ganga Dashera, Charta, Nuakhai and Surhul.[9]

Tourist places

Main tourist places in the district are as follows:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Pin Codes of Korea, Chhattisgarh, India, Korea Pincode Search". indiapincodes.net.
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Archived from the original on 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  3. ^ "Home". korea.gov.in.
  4. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Chhattisgarh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook: Koriya" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Montenegro 661,807 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Vermont 625,741
  8. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Chhattisgarh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  9. ^ Culture korea.gov.in [dead link]
  10. ^ "No-tiger-in-Sanjay-Tiger-Reserve-also-says-official", The Times of India, archived from the original on 2012-10-24, retrieved 2011-01-19
  11. ^ "Chhattisgarh asked to propose tiger reserve status for Guru Ghasidas park". The Hindu. 30 June 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  12. ^ Divyabhanusinh (1999). The End of a Trail: the Cheetah in India. Banyan Books, New Delhi.

23°15′N 82°33′E / 23.250°N 82.550°E / 23.250; 82.550