Kosmos 1164
Mission typeEarly warning
COSPAR ID1980-013A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.11700
Mission duration4 years (planned)[1]
Launch failure
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeUS-K[2]
Launch mass1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date12 February 1980, 00:53 (1980-02-12UTC00:53Z) UTC
Launch sitePlesetsk Cosmodrome[2][3]
End of mission
Decay date12 February 1980 (1980-02-13)[4]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth orbit [4]
Perigee altitude212 kilometres (132 mi)[4]
Apogee altitude578 kilometres (359 mi)[4]
Inclination62.8 degrees[4]
Period92.45 minutes[4]

Kosmos 1164 (Russian: Космос 1164 meaning Cosmos 1164) was a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1980 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite was designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors,[2] however due to a launch failure, it was never used for the purpose.

Kosmos 1164 was launched from Site 43/4 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR.[3] A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 00:53 UTC on 12 February 1980.[3] The launch was unsuccessful and placed the satellite into low Earth orbit rather than the intended molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1980-013A.[4] The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 11700.[4]

It re-entered the Earth's atmosphere on 12 February 1980, the same day it was launched.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10 (1): 21–60. Bibcode:2002S&GS...10...21P. CiteSeerX doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. S2CID 122901563. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-15.
  2. ^ a b c d "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  3. ^ a b c McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012.