|Mission type||Early warning|
|Mission duration||4 years |
|Launch mass||1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||31 October 1981, 22:54UTC|
|Launch site||Plesetsk Cosmodrome|
|End of mission|
|Deactivated||26 January 1984|
|Perigee altitude||608 kilometres (378 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||39,723 kilometres (24,683 mi)|
Kosmos 1317 (Russian: Космос 1317 meaning Cosmos 1317) was a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1981 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite was designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.
Kosmos 1317 was launched from Site 16/2 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR. A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 22:54 UTC on 31 October 1981. The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1981-108A . The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 12933.