Kosmos 2388
Mission typeEarly warning
COSPAR ID2002-017A
SATCAT no.27409
Mission duration4 years [1]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeUS-K[2]
Launch mass1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)[3]
Start of mission
Launch date1 April 2002, 22:06 (2002-04-01UTC22:06Z) UTC
Launch sitePlesetsk Cosmodrome[2][3]
End of mission
DeactivatedNovember 2006[4]
Decay date14 September 2011 (2011-09-15)[5]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeMolniya [2]
Perigee altitude518 kilometres (322 mi)[5]
Apogee altitude39,727 kilometres (24,685 mi)[5]
Inclination62.9 degrees[5]
Period715.57 minutes[5]

Kosmos 2388 (Russian: Космос 2388 meaning Cosmos 2388) was a Russian US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 2002 as part of the Russian Space Forces' Oko programme. The satellite was designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.[2]

Kosmos 2388 was launched from Site 16/2 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia.[6] A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 22:06 UTC on 1 April 2002.[3] The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 2002-017A.[3] The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 27409.[3]

It stopped undertaking maneuvers to remain in its orbital position in November 2006[4] and re-entered the atmosphere on 14 September 2011.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. CiteSeerX doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-15.
  2. ^ a b c d e "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Cosmos 2388". National Space Science Data Centre. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
  4. ^ a b Podvig, Pavel (23 October 2007). "Launch of Cosmos-2430 early-warning satellite". Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d e f McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  6. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.