Kosmos 36
Mission typeABM radar target
COSPAR ID1964-042A
SATCAT no.00844Edit this on Wikidata
Mission duration213 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-P1-Yu
Launch mass325 kg[1]
Start of mission
Launch date30 July 1964, 03:36:00 GMT
RocketKosmos-2I 63S1
Launch siteKapustin Yar, Mayak-2
End of mission
Decay date28 February 1965
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric[2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude261 km
Apogee altitude477 km
Period91.9 minutes
Epoch30 July 1964

Kosmos 36 (Russian: Космос 36 meaning Cosmos 36), also known as DS-P1-Yu #1 was a satellite which was used for use in calibrating the Dnestr space surveillance and as a radar calibration target, for tests of anti-ballistic missiles.[3] It was launched by the Soviet Union in 1964 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau.

Kosmos 36 was launched using a Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket,[4] which flew from Mayak-2 at Kapustin Yar. The launch occurred at 03:36 GMT on 30 July 1964.[5]

After separating from its carrier rocket, Kosmos 36 was in a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 261 kilometres (162 mi), an apogee of 477 kilometres (296 mi), 49.0° of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.9 minutes. It decayed from orbit on 28 February 1965.[6] Kosmos 36 was the first of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched,[7] of which all but seven were successful. The next launch of a DS-P1-Yu satellite, the DS-P1-Yu #2 will be on 12 February 1965, failed due to a second stage malfunction.

See also


  1. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1964-042A - 27 February 2020
  2. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/displayTrajectory.action?id=1964-042A - 27 February 2020
  3. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-Yu (11F618)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
  5. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
  6. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
  7. ^ Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-Yu". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2009.