ExtinctBefore World War 2
Language codes
ISO 639-3
South Estonian language area.jpg
South Estonian, including Kraasna

Kraasna is an extinct South-Estonian dialect spoken in Russia by the Kraasna Estonians who were immigrants to the area.[1] The last native speaker died before World War two, but it was still spoken in the 1930s.[2][3] Kraasna was documented by Oskar Kallas (along with Ludza).[3]

The linguistic enclave was south of the Russian city of Pskov.[4] Kraasna, like the Seto dialect, have been influenced by Russian.[4] The Kraasna dialect was first discovered in the year 1849 when F.R. Kreutzwald sent a letter to A.J. Brandt.[5] The Kraasna Estonians arrived to the area at the end of the 16th century which was close to eastern Seto, but had slight influence from Võro. The Kraasna dialect had an abessive suffix -ldA and the translative marker -st which are linked to Seto.[6]


Mis om madalamb ma ja pikkemb muist puist?
viŋgjäl tseal om mittu vikka kas om ma külmäne vai om kärz haige
mis peettäs si̮nast ja härg sarvist
vaiv vanas sajja, vanah hüä elo
jalg tümbzähäs, kil limpsahas

See also


  1. ^ SH (2010-11-21). "Kes oli Lutsi ja Kraasna maarahvas?". Saarte Hääl (in Estonian). Retrieved 2021-01-06.
  2. ^ "UMA LEHT". Retrieved 2021-01-18.
  3. ^ a b "Who are the Lutsis?". Retrieved 2021-01-06.
  4. ^ a b Pajasalu, Karl. "Estonian Dialects" (PDF).[dead link]
  5. ^ "Võru Instituudi toimetised 26". Võru Instituut. Retrieved 2021-01-18.
  6. ^ "Eesti murded ja kohanimed". Emakeele Selts (in Estonian). Retrieved 2021-01-18.
  7. ^ "Downloads". Kraasna. 2017-01-11. Retrieved 2021-01-17.