Krishna Govinda Gupta

স্যার কৃষ্ণগোবিন্দ গুপ্ত
Born(1851-02-28)28 February 1851
Bhatpara, Narsingdi[1]
Died20 March 1926(1926-03-20) (aged 75)
OccupationCivil servant
Spouse(s)Prasannatara Gupta (née Das)

Sir Krishna Govinda Gupta KCSI (Bengali: স্যার কৃষ্ণগোবিন্দ গুপ্ত), (28 February 1851 – 20 March 1926) was a noted Indian civil servant, the sixth[2] Indian member of the Indian Civil Service,[3] a barrister-at-law, a prominent Bengali social reformer of the 19th century and leading Brahmo Samaj personality.

Early life and education

Krishna Govinda Gupta was born in a Baidya-Brahmin family in Bhatpara village, Sadar Police Station, Narsingdi district, near Dhaka, presently located in Bangladesh.[4] His father was Kali Narayan Gupta, a landlord of Bhatpara, and an eminent person in Brahma society.[5] His mother was Annada Sundari Gupta, a daughter of Madhab Chandra Sen. His early education was carried out at Mymensingh Government School and Dacca College. Later, he joined the University College, London where he successfully took the Open Competitive Examination standing 2nd in the final examination. He became the seventh Indian member of the Indian Civil Service, joining the service as a probationer in 1871 coming out to India in 1873. He was also called to the Bar by The Honourable Society of the Middle Temple. His brothers were Peary Mohan Gupta, Ganga Gobinda Gupta and Benoy Chandra Gupta. His sisters were Subala Gupta, Bimala Das, Hemanta Shashi Sen, Soudamini Das, Chapala Dutta, Sarala Das.[citation needed]

He was married to Prasanna Tara Gupta, who was a daughter of Nabin Chandra Das. His children were Jatindra Chandra Gupta, Hem Kusum Sen, married to Atul Prasad Sen, Saraju Sen, Ila Gupta and Nilini Gupta, married to Sir Albion Rajkumar Banerjee, ICS.[citation needed]

His daughter Hem Kusum married Atul Prasad Sen.


In the British occupied India appointment to all covenanted posts were reserved for the Britishers only. The posts of Munsif and Sadar Amin were created and opened to Indians in 1832. In 1833, the posts of deputy magistrate and deputy collector were created and opened to Indians. The ICS Act of 1861 established the Indian Civil Service. The Act of 1853 had already established the practice of recruiting covenanted civilians through competitive examinations. Krishna Govinda Gupta appeared in the Indian Civil Service examination[4][6] in 1871 in London and became a probationer. He joined Civil Service on 24 October 1873 as Assistant Magistrate and Collector, being the sixth Indian to join ICS up to that time.[2]

Successively he served in the special duty of controlling famine in Bengal and Bihar during 1873-74; became joint magistrate and deputy collector in 1884; appointed as Secretary, Board of Revenue in 1887; became magistrate and collector in 1889; appointed as the junior secretary to the Board of Revenue in 1890; became the commissioner of excise in March 1893; and acted as the divisional commissioner of Burdwan in 1901. He was the first Indian to be appointed as Member, Board of Revenue in 1904. He then became a member of the Indian Excise Committee in 1905 and was on special duty in connection with the Fisheries of Bengal in 1906.

It was a report submitted by Krishna Govinda[7] in 1906, on the potential of fisheries in Bengal, while he was a member of the Excice Committee, that paved the way of creation of the Department of Fisheries in the Government of Bengal in 1908. Encouragement in cultivation of inland fisheries, prawn and other water based farming etc. were a government prerogative since that time. The legacy is still continuing for the fish loving Bengalis in both India and Bangladesh till the present.

On 25 July 1907, Krishna Govinda Gupta along with Dr. Syed Hussain Bilgrami became the first Indian to be nominated as member of the Secretary of State's Council of India.[8] Later he was also appointed as a member of Lord Esher's Army in India Committee in 1920.

List of Indian ICS offices (1861-1899)

Sl No Name Year of Examination Year of Joining
1 Satyendranath Tagore 1863 1864
2 Romesh Dutt 1869 1871
3 Behari Lal Gupta 1869 1871
4 Surendranath Banerjee 1869 1871
5 Ananda Ram Baruah 1870 1872
6 Krishna Govinda Gupta 1871 1873
8 Brajendranath De 1873 1875
9 Cursetjee Rustomjee 1874 1876
10 Perungavur Rajagopalachari 1886 1888
11 Basanta Kumar Mullick 1887 1889
12 Albion Rajkumar Banerjee 1894 1895
13 Atul Chandra Chatterjee 1896 1897

Socio-literary activities

Satyendranath Tagore Tagore (1842–1923), an ICS of 1963, was a close associate of Krishna Govinda in his socio literary activities. Taraknath Palit, Monomohun Ghose, Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, Bihari Lal Gupta and Krishna Govinda Gupta were some of the regular participants among the eminent stalwarts of the then Bengal in the majlis (discussions) arranged from time to time in Satyendranath's house in Park Street and Ballygunge.[9]

Activities in Brahmo Samaj

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A school called 'Pachdona Sir K. G. Gupta High School' has been established in Pachdona, Narsingdi district (then subdivision) on 1 January 1919. It continues to be one of the most prominent high schools of the district.


  1. ^ Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir, eds. (2012). "Gupta, Sir Krishnogobinda". Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b Maheswari, S. R. (1998). Administrative Thinkers. Macmillan Publishers India Ltd. ISBN 978-1403-90949-7.
  3. ^ Nasta, Susheila, ed. (2013). India in Britain - South Asian Networks and Connections, 1858 - 1950. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-023-039-271-7.
  4. ^ a b The Indian Biographical Dictionary. 1915.
  5. ^ "প্রতিষ্ঠানের তথ্য". Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  6. ^ Office of the Secretary of State for India, ed. (1905). India List and India Office List for 1905. Harrison and Sons.
  7. ^ "মৎস্য দপ্তর". Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  8. ^ Riddick, John F (2006). The History of British India - A Chronology. Praeger Publishers. ISBN 0-313-32280-5.
  9. ^ Agrawal, Lion M. G., ed. (2008). Freedom Fighters of India - Vol 4. Isha Books, Delhi. ISBN 978-81-8205-472-1.