Kulasekharapatnam Spaceport
LocationKulasekharapatnam, Thoothukudi district, Tamil Nadu, India
Launch pad(s)One
Launch history

8°26′23″N 78°04′33″E / 8.4398°N 78.0759°E / 8.4398; 78.0759 Kulasekharapatnam Spaceport is being developed as the second spaceport of the Indian Space Research Organisation near Kulasekharapatnam town of southern India.[1][2][3] The facility is being constructed over 2,350 acres. As of July 2022, the acquisition of around 1950 acres (nearly 83%) of land had been completed.[1][4][5]


The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) operates the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota as its primary launch site since 1971.[6] Its location on the Bay of Bengal provides a good launch azimuth corridor and ensures safety through rockets launched over the ocean. However, the launch corridor is inefficient for smaller rockets carrying payloads to a polar orbit (circling the Earth above the poles), since the island nation of Sri Lanka is directly to the South of Sriharikota. To avoid the risk of flying over another country, payloads for polar orbits are launched towards the East and follow a curved path to the South to avoid Sri Lanka's landmass. This maneuver is known as a Dogleg maneuver. It utilizes significant fuel for smaller rockets. Small rockets, such as the SSLV, are specifically designed to efficiently launch smaller payloads. The additional fuel consumption for the curved trajectory compromises the rocket's cost and payload efficiency.[7] To avoid this problem, ISRO is developing the Kulasekharapatnam Spaceport for launching payloads to polar orbits. Given its location, launches from Kulasekharapatnam can be launched directly South over the Indian Ocean without crossing any landmass for thousands of miles.[4][8]


This spaceport will provide launchpads and support facilities for ISRO missions carrying payloads into polar orbits.[8]


  1. ^ a b "তামিলনাড়ুতে দ্বিতীয় মহাকাশ বন্দর বানাচ্ছে ইসরো, জমি অধিগ্রহণ প্রায় শেষ" (in Bengali). www.anandabazar.com. Anandabazar. 14 July 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  2. ^ "ISRO's Second Spaceport, for New SSLV Rocket, to Come up in Tamil Nadu". science.thewire.in. The Wire - Science. 1 December 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  3. ^ T.K. Rohit (17 March 2022). "Kulasekarapattinam to be on global scientific map". www.thehindu.com. The Hindu. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  4. ^ a b Sidharth MP (21 July 2022). "Why is India building a new spaceport in Tamil Nadu?". www.wionews.com. Wion News. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  5. ^ Surendra Singh (2 December 2019). "India to get its second spaceport, land acquisition work begins in Tamil Nadu". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times of India. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  6. ^ "Govt may set up new rocket launch pad near Kulasekarapattinam in Tamil Nadu". www.business-standard.com. Business Standard. 29 November 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  7. ^ "ISRO new launchpad in Tamil Nadu to save fuel, increase payload capacity". www.indiatvnews.com. India TV News. 29 June 2020. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  8. ^ a b U Tejonmayam (28 June 2020). "New launch pad in Tamil Nadu to help Isro save fuel". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times of India. Retrieved 26 August 2022.