Kunda, Estonia
Town
Kunda
From left to right, clockwise: A cement factory, apartment buildings, the ruins of an old cement factory, a pulp mill, a hydroelectric power plant
Kunda, Estonia
Kunda, Estonia
Location of Kunda in the Baltic Sea region
Kunda, Estonia
Kunda, Estonia
Location in Estonia
Kunda, Estonia
Kunda, Estonia
Location in Europe
Coordinates: 59°30′N 26°32′E / 59.500°N 26.533°E / 59.500; 26.533Coordinates: 59°30′N 26°32′E / 59.500°N 26.533°E / 59.500; 26.533
Country Estonia
County Lääne-Viru
FoundedMay 1, 1938
Government
 • MayorKaido Veski (Reform)
Area
 • Total9.85 km2 (3.80 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total3,125
 • Rank37th
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitewww.kunda.ee

Kunda is a town in the Viru-Nigula Parish of Estonia, located on the coast of the Gulf of Finland. There is a pulp mill (AS Estonian Cell), a cement factory and a port.

History

Evidence of some of the oldest prehistoric communities in Estonia, hunting and fishing communities that existed around 6500 BC, were found near Kunda. This settlement gave the name to the Kunda culture.

Kunda was granted official borough rights on May 1, 1938.

The Rutja Airfield facility is located 13 km (8.1 mi) west of Kunda and was used by the Soviets during their occupation of Estonia; it has since been abandoned.

International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Estonia

Twin towns — Sister cities

Kunda is twinned with:

2

Climate

Climate data for Kunda, Estonia (normals 1991–2020, extremes 1849–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
11.1
(52.0)
15.8
(60.4)
27.6
(81.7)
33.1
(91.6)
30.9
(87.6)
33.4
(92.1)
34.4
(93.9)
29.0
(84.2)
21.2
(70.2)
13.7
(56.7)
11.8
(53.2)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.6
(36.7)
8.8
(47.8)
14.7
(58.5)
18.9
(66.0)
21.8
(71.2)
20.9
(69.6)
16.1
(61.0)
9.5
(49.1)
4.0
(39.2)
0.9
(33.6)
9.7
(49.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.4
(39.9)
9.8
(49.6)
14.4
(57.9)
17.5
(63.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.2
(54.0)
6.7
(44.1)
1.9
(35.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
6.2
(43.2)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−6.7
(19.9)
−4
(25)
0.8
(33.4)
5.3
(41.5)
10.1
(50.2)
13.2
(55.8)
12.4
(54.3)
8.6
(47.5)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.2
(31.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.9
(37.2)
Record low °C (°F) −33.1
(−27.6)
−34.9
(−30.8)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−19
(−2)
−5.3
(22.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.9
(37.2)
2.7
(36.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−10.6
(12.9)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−34.9
(−30.8)
−34.9
(−30.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38
(1.5)
29
(1.1)
27
(1.1)
29
(1.1)
41
(1.6)
68
(2.7)
61
(2.4)
76
(3.0)
54
(2.1)
61
(2.4)
52
(2.0)
38
(1.5)
573
(22.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9 6 7 7 6 8 9 11 11 11 11 10 105
Average relative humidity (%) 87 85 80 75 72 76 78 80 81 83 86 86 81
Source: Estonian Weather Service (precipitation days, 1971–2000)[2][3][4][5][6]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "International co-operation of Gdynia". Gdynia.pl. Archived from the original on 2016-10-19.
  2. ^ "Climate normals-Temperature". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Climate normals-Precipitation". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Climate normals-Humidity". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Rekordid" (in Estonian). Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Kliimanormid-Sademed, õhuniiskus" (in Estonian). Estonian Weather Service. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2021.