Kunitachi
国立市
Kunitachi City Hall
Location of Kunitachi in Tokyo
Kunitachi
Kunitachi
 
Coordinates: 35°41′2.1″N 139°26′29″E / 35.683917°N 139.44139°E / 35.683917; 139.44139Coordinates: 35°41′2.1″N 139°26′29″E / 35.683917°N 139.44139°E / 35.683917; 139.44139
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
Government
 • MayorKazuo Sato (since April 2011)
Area
 • Total8.15 km2 (3.15 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2021)
 • Total76,423
 • Density9,400/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeGinkgo biloba
• FlowerPrunus mume
• BirdGreat tit
Phone number042-576-2111
Address2-47-1 Fujimi-dai, Kunitachi-shi, Tokyo 186-0501
WebsiteOfficial website
Daigaku-dori and sakura
Daigaku-dori and sakura

Kunitachi (国立市, Kunitachi-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the city had an estimated population of 76,423 in 38,825 households, and a population density of 9,400 persons per km². Approximately 41.9% of the city population is over 65 years in age.[1] The total area of the city is 8.15 square kilometres (3.15 sq mi).

Geography

Kunitachi is located in the Musashino Terrace of central Tokyo Metropolis. Kunitachi is known for its broad main avenue, Daigaku Dori (University Avenue). This cherry-tree-lined boulevard stretches from Kunitachi Station on the Chūō Main Line toward the banks of the Tama River.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis

Climate

Kunitachi has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Kunitachi is 13.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1647 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.5 °C.[2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Kunitachi has remained relatively constant for the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 2,611—    
1930 3,814+46.1%
1940 10,052+163.6%
1950 14,679+46.0%
1960 32,609+122.1%
1970 59,709+83.1%
1980 64,144+7.4%
1990 65,833+2.6%
2000 72,187+9.7%
2010 75,505+4.6%

History

Kunitachi lies along the historical Kōshū Kaidō, a route that connected Edo with Kofu in the province of Kai (present-day Yamanashi Prefecture). The area was noted for its abundant spring water. The villages of Yaho, Aoyagi and Yabo were created within Tama District of Kanagawa Prefecture during the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. The district was transferred from Kanagawa to Tokyo in 1893. In the 1920, much of the land was obtained by Kojiro Tsutsumi, the founder of Seibu, who began large-scale development of a planned community, which he intended to become a university town modeled after Göttingen in Germany. The Tokyo University of Commerce (currently Hitotsubashi University) was relocated from central Tokyo to this location, and a train station was opened on Chūō Main Line in 1926. The station named "Kunitachi", taking one kanji from the names of the stations to either side, namely Kokubunji Station and Tachikawa Station. The three villages were merged to form Kunitachi town in 1951. Kunitachi was elevated to city status on January 1, 1967.

Government

Kunitachi has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 22 members. Kunitachi, together with Kokubunji, contributes two members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 21st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Kunitachi remains a university town, but is also increasing a commuter town for central Tokyo, with an estimated 25.1% of the population commuting to central Tokyo daily, per the 2015 census.

Education

Transportation

Railway

JR EastChūō Main Line

JR EastNambu Line

Highway

Local attractions

References

  1. ^ "Kunitachi city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Kunitachi climate data
  3. ^ Kunitachi population statistics