Valmiki, Balmiki
Native toIndia
RegionOdisha, Andhra Pradesh
Ethnicity79,000 (2007)[1]
Native speakers
6,600 (2007)[1]
Odia, Telugu
Language codes
ISO 639-3key

Kupia, or Balmiki, is an Indo-Aryan language related to Odia and spoken by Valmiki people in the Indian state of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. The Valmiki are a tribal group, concentrated in the districts of Koraput of Odisha and Visakhapatnam of Andhra Pradesh.[2]


Kupia language is usually written in Odia or Telugu script depending on the region where the community lives.[2] A new Kupia alphabet was also created by Sathupati Prasanna Sree.


  1. ^ a b Kupia at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b Pattanayak, Subrat Kalayan; Dash, Biswanandan (December 2020), An Ethnolinguistic Repositioning of the Balmiki Language of Odisha: A Bibliographic Appraisal, Centurion University of Technology and Management