Kusilvak Census Area
Aerial view of Tutakoke Bird Camp, Coast of the Bering Sea just south of Hooper Bay, near Chevak, Alaska.
Aerial view of Tutakoke Bird Camp, Coast of the Bering Sea just south of Hooper Bay, near Chevak, Alaska.
Map of Alaska highlighting Kusilvak Census Area
Location within the U.S. state of Alaska
Map of the United States highlighting Alaska
Alaska's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 62°05′N 163°32′W / 62.09°N 163.53°W / 62.09; -163.53
Country United States
State Alaska
Named forKusilvak Mountains
Largest cityHooper Bay
 • Total19,673 sq mi (50,950 km2)
 • Land17,081 sq mi (44,240 km2)
 • Water2,592 sq mi (6,710 km2)  13.2%%
 • Total8,368
 • Density0.44/sq mi (0.17/km2)
Time zoneUTC−9 (Alaska)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−8 (ADT)
Congressional districtAt-large

Kusilvak Census Area, formerly known as Wade Hampton Census Area, is a census area located in the U.S. state of Alaska. As of the 2020 census, the population was 8,368,[3] up from 7,459 in 2010.[4] It is part of the Unorganized Borough and therefore has no borough seat. Its largest community is the city of Hooper Bay, on the Bering Sea coast.

The census area's per capita income makes it the fourth-poorest county-equivalent in the United States.[citation needed] In 2014, it had the highest percentage of unemployed people of any county or census area in the United States, at 23.7 percent.[5]


The census area was originally named for Wade Hampton III, a South Carolina politician whose son-in-law, John Randolph Tucker, a territorial judge in Nome, posthumously named a mining district in western Alaska for him in 1913. The district eventually became the census area, retaining its name. Over the next century, the name became increasingly controversial, with Native residents and others arguing Hampton's name did not represent Alaska and that his personal history as a slave-holding Civil War general was a blemish on the region.[6] In July 2015, Alaska Governor Bill Walker formally notified the U.S. Census Bureau that the census area was being renamed after the Kusilvak Mountains, its highest range.[7]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the census area has a total area of 19,673 square miles (50,950 km2), of which 17,081 square miles (44,240 km2) is land and 2,592 square miles (6,710 km2) (13.2%) is water.[8]

Adjacent boroughs and census areas

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2020[4]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 7,028 people, 1,602 households, and 1,296 families residing in the census area. The population density was 0.35 people per square mile (0/km2). There were 2,063 housing units at an average density of /sq mi (0/km2). The racial makeup of the census area was 92.53% Native American, 4.74% White, 0.06% Black or African American, 0.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, and 2.52% from two or more races. 0.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.00% of the population reported speaking English at home, while 49.75% spoke Central Alaskan Yup'ik.[14]

In the 2006 American community survey, the Kusilvak Census Area had the largest increase in Hispanic population since 2000 with a 1572.73% increase.[15]

There were 1,602 households, out of which 59.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.40% were married couples living together, 20.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.10% were non-families. Sixteen percent of all households were made up of individuals, and 1.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.38 and the average family size was 4.95.

In the census area the population was spread out, with 46.60% under the age of 18 (the highest such percentage among county equivalents in the United States), 9.70% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 13.10% from 45 to 64, and 5.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 20 years, making the Census Area the youngest county in the United States.[16] For every 100 females, there were 109.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.70 males.

The census area's per capita income makes it one of the poorest places in the United States.

2020 Census

Races (alone or in combination with other) in Kusilvak Census Area (2020 United States Census) [17]
Race Percentage of Population
White 3.84%
Black or African American 0.65%
American Indian or Alaska Native 96.93%
Asian 0.55%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.29%
Some other race 0.42%



Census-designated place

Unincorporated Communities

See also


  1. ^ In 1980, the United States Census Bureau divided the Unorganized Borough into 12 census areas.
  2. ^ Acquired its current name in 2015.
  3. ^ "2020 Census Data - Cities and Census Designated Places" (Web). State of Alaska, Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
  4. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  5. ^ "Labor Force Data by County, 2014 Annual Averages". U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
  6. ^ Demer, Lisa (April 25, 2015). "In Western Alaska, a push to rename district that honors slave-owning Confederate general". Alaska Dispatch News.
  7. ^ Demer, Lisa (July 2, 2015). "Wade Hampton no more: Alaska census area named for confederate officer gets new moniker". Alaska Dispatch News. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ "Language Map Data Center".
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 3, 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2011.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ G. Scott Thomas (August 31, 2012). "Population extremes: The youngest and oldest places in America". The Business Journals.
  17. ^ "2020 Census Demographic Data Map Viewer".
  18. ^ Village of Bill Moore's Slough, National American Indian Court Judges Association
  19. ^ The History of Hamilton, Explore North

Coordinates: 62°05′N 163°32′W / 62.09°N 163.53°W / 62.09; -163.53