Kuwait Air Force
  • القوات الجوية الكويتية
  • al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya
Kuwait Air Force emblem.svg
Emblem of the Kuwait Air Force
Founded1953
Country Kuwait
TypeAir force
RoleAerial warfare
Size
  • 2,500 personnel
  • 101 aircraft
Part ofKuwait Military Forces
Garrison/HQAbdullah Al-Mubarak Air Base
Motto(s)
  • الله والوطن والامير
  • "God, Country, and Emir"
Anniversaries25/26 February (National and Liberation Day)
Engagements
Commanders
Chief of the General StaffLieutenant general Mohammed Khaled Al-Khadher
Insignia
Roundel
Roundel of Kuwait.svg
Fin flash
Flag of Kuwait.svg
Aircraft flown
FighterF/A-18 Hornet, F/A-18 Super Hornet, Eurofighter Typhoon
HelicopterBoeing AH-64 Apache, Aerospatiale Gazelle
InterceptorF/A-18 Hornet, Eurofighter Typhoon
TrainerShort Tucano, BAE Hawk
TransportBoeing C-17 Globemaster III, Lockheed L-100 Hercules, Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma, C-130
TankerKC-130J

The Kuwait Air Force (Arabic: القوات الجوية الكويتية, romanizedal-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya) is the air arm of the Armed Forces of Kuwait. The Air Force headquarters is located at Abdullah Al-Mubarak Air Base, with the remaining forces stationed at Air Defense Brigades, Ali Al Salem Air Base and Ahmad al-Jaber Air Base. The Kuwait Air Force numbers approximately 2,500 officers and enlisted personnel.

History

The Kuwait Air Force was founded in 1953 by Field Marshal Sheikh Abdullah Mubarak Al-Sabah when the Directorate of Public Security Force split from the Kuwaiti Army; the new force was equipped with a number of Austers in different configurations and two de Havilland DH.104 Doves.[citation needed]

The Kuwait Air Force was expanded concurrently with the course of the British intervention during Operation Vantage that deterred Iraq from annexing Kuwait as one of its provinces. The first aircraft to enter KAF service were four Whirlwind helicopters and six BAC/Hunting Jet Provost T.51s. This support from the UK would remain in place for a long time and 1964 was known for the arrival of the first Hawker Hunters. These would later be joined by more examples in 1969. Two de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou transports arrived in 1963. The transport capacity would later be improved by the acquisition of an ex-RAF Armstrong Whitworth AW.660 Argosy in 1969 and later, in 1971, by two Lockheed L-100-20 Hercules.

Kuwait Air Force English Electric Lightning F.53 before delivery in June 1969
Kuwait Air Force English Electric Lightning F.53 before delivery in June 1969

In the meantime the fighter force was given a boost by the procurement of 14 English Electric Lightnings that were delivered in the late 1960s. Twelve BAC Strikemasters were delivered in 1969.

Between 1968 and 1977 two Bell 206s operated in KAF service and from November 1969, eight Augusta Bell 205s were delivered, replacing the aging Whirlwinds. Only five years after the delivery of the Lightnings, the KAF decided it needed an aircraft with better serviceability; it had been using the Hunters and the Strikemasters in the interceptor and ground strike role, rather than the Lightnings. Finally in 1974 the Mirage F1 was selected as the new air defence fighter and a total of 27 Mirage F1CKs and seven Mirage F1BKs were ordered and delivered in two separate batches until 1983. The ground strike role would be filled in by the total of 36 Douglas (T)A-4KU Skyhawks that were ordered in 1974 and delivered during 1977. In addition, 24 SNIAS SA-342K Gazelles were delivered during the mid-1970s and 4 were subsequently passed on to the Police Air Wing. Four L-100-30 Hercules transport aircraft were delivered in 1983, replacing the shorter L-100-20 version of which only one survived (the other crashed in France). Also in 1983, twelve Hawk T64s were ordered to fill the gap that the KAF had in training capacity. In 1988 the Air Force was named al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya (Kuwait Air Force). The lead-in-fighter-trainer that was selected, the Shorts Tucano T.52, would only be delivered in 1995. They were earmarked for delivery in 1990 but due to the outbreak of the Gulf War, deliveries were postponed.

Kuwaiti Inventory in 1991

Name Origin Type In service
Kuwaiti Air Force and Air Defenses 1991[1]
Combat Aircraft
Mirage F1 France Multi-role 20
English Electric Lightning United Kingdom Fighter 12
Hunter FGA.57 United Kingdom Fighter-bomber 12
A-4KU Skyhawk United States Attack 24
Combat Trainers
Mirage F1BK France Trainer 4
TA-4KU Skyhawk United States Trainer 3
Hawk MK64 United Kingdom Trainer 12
Transport
L-100-30 Hercules United States Cargo 4
DHC-4 Caribou United States Cargo 2
C-9K United States Airliner 2
Helicopters
SA-342 Gazelle w/ HOT France Armed/Utility 17
AS332 Super Puma France Utility 6
SA-330 Puma France Utility 10
Air Defenses
Improved HAWK United States SAM battalion
Aerostat AN/TPS-63 Radar United States Tactical radar 1

The delay in Iraqi air attacks allowed the Kuwaiti planes to get airborne. Kuwaiti A-4 attacked Republican Guard divisions still moving toward Kuwait City.

The initial Iraqi attack on al-Jaber closed the runways due to presence of air scattered mines. The returning Mirage F-1 and A-4 landed and were serviced on the perimeter fence road. Only when Iraqi troops were right next to the base did attack sorties stop.

Coalition forces heavily bombed the two Kuwait air bases, reducing most of the facilities to rubble and destroying nearly all of the 50 hardened aircraft shelters. Coalition cluster bombs cratered the taxiways and the Iraqis had run a ripper across the runways every 200 feet to make them unusable.

Post Gulf War

In the immediate post-war air force staff was 1,000, with 34 combat aircraft and 12 armed helicopters. In two years staff numbered about 2,500, with 74 combat aircraft, including A-4 Skyhawks, McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornets, and 20 armed helicopters. Four batteries of I-Hawk medium-range SAMs and most of the fleet of transport aircraft had been impounded by Iraq

After the Gulf War, the KAF underwent a reorganization, growing in quantity and quality:

Tanker and cargo plane programs

A A-4KU Skyhawk In use by the Free Kuwait Air Force
A A-4KU Skyhawk In use by the Free Kuwait Air Force

Lockheed Martin has received a $245 million contract from the U.S. Government for the Foreign Military Sale of 3 KC-130J tanker aircraft to Kuwait with an option for 3 more. The program will be managed by the U.S. Navy. The Kuwait Air Force's new KC-130Js will provide aerial refueling for its F/A-18 fleet and augment its current airlift fleet of three Lockheed Martin L-100s. Kuwait's KC-130Js also will perform air mobility, disaster relief and humanitarian missions throughout the world. Kuwait's first KC-130J delivery is scheduled for late 2013, with deliveries completed in early 2014. Using only wing and external tanks.[2] In September 2010, Kuwait requested to purchase one Boeing C-17 followed shortly with an order for one more.[3]

Air Defense program

The U.S. approved the foreign sale of (PAC-3) missiles, 20 launching stations, four radar systems and control stations, personnel training and training equipment, and spare parts to Kuwait in a deal worth an estimated $4.2 billion, The U.S. Department of Defense awarded Raytheon a $655.4 million, took the form of a firm-fixed-price, sole-source, foreign military sales contract to supply to the Kuwaiti military two PATRIOT fire units, plus associated spare parts. Delivery of the units is expected to take place by April 30, 2018, on June 23, 2016 Raytheon was awarded a $523 million fixed-price-incentive contract to modernize six Patriot fire units in Kuwait, the Defense Department spokesman said.

Transport and Attack helicopter program

Kuwait purchased 16 AH-64D Apache Longbow attack helicopters and 30 EC725 Caracal transport helicopters, 24 for the Air Force and 6 for the National Guard. The purchase is motivated by concerns about potential terrorist or foreign attacks. EC725 Caracal fleet will be used for combat search-and-rescue, naval operations, medical evacuation and military transportation and will be operated by the Kuwait Air Force and National Guard.

New combat fighters

On September 12, 2015, the Eurofighter consortium revealed that the Eurofighter Typhoon had been selected by Kuwait to update its fleet with 28 new fighter jets. In September 2016, it was also announced that the sale of up to 40 Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet had been submitted to the US Congress for approval.[4] A deal for 40 planes valued at $10.1 billion (USD) was signed off in November 2016.[5] It seems there is closed order for 28 Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornets to Kuwait, with an option of up to 16 more.

New ISR fleet

In FEB. 21, 2018 - The US State department has approved a possible imminent sale to Kuwait of four King Air 350ER Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) aircraft, which is a priority for the Kuwaiti Air Force to establish its first dedicated airborne ISR fleet in its expansion and modernization efforts.

Structure

Base Name Function Subsidiary Components Note
Abdullah Al-Mubarak Air Base 41st Transport Sqd L-100-30 Hercules

42nd Transport Sqd Lockheed Martin KC-130J

42nd Transport Sqd Boeing C-17 Globemaster III

Ali Al Salem Air Base Flying School
Air Search and Rescue Combat Wing
12th Training Sqd BAE Hawk MK.64
19th Training Sqd Shorts Tucano MK.52
88th Training Sqd SA-342K Gazelle
62nd Helicopter Sqd SA-330H Puma
32nd Helicopter Sqd AS-332M Super Puma
33rd Helicopter Sqd SA-342K Gazelle
17th Attack Sqd″Night Wolf″ AH-64D Longbow Apache
20th "The Dark Knights" Attack Sqd AH-64D Longbow Apache
Ahmad al-Jaber Air Base Air Combat Squadrons 9th Fighter Sqd F/A-18 Hornet C/D
25th Fighter Sqd "Matrix" F/A-18 Hornet C/D

61st Training Sqd F/A-18 Hornet C/D

Air Defense Brigades Air Combat

Aircraft

A Kuwaiti F/A-18C Hornet in 1993
A Kuwaiti F/A-18C Hornet in 1993
A Super Puma, helicopter drops off troops during Operation Eagle
A Super Puma, helicopter drops off troops during Operation Eagle
Kuwait Air Force Lockheed Hercules transport aircraft in 1999
Kuwait Air Force Lockheed Hercules transport aircraft in 1999

Current inventory

Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
F/A-18 Hornet United States multirole F/A-18C 27[6]
F/A-18E/F Super Hornet United States multirole F/A-18E/F 28 on order[6]
Eurofighter Typhoon European Union multirole Tranche 3A 4 24 on order[7]
Tanker
KC-130 Hercules United States aerial refueling / transport KC-130J 3[6]
Transport
C-17 Globemaster III United States strategic airlifter C-17A 2[6]
Helicopters
Sikorsky S-92 United States VIP transport 2[8] flown for the State of Kuwait
AH-64 Apache United States attack AH-64D 16[6]
Eurocopter AS332 France transport / utility 5[6]
Aérospatiale SA330 France transport / utility 6[6]
Aérospatiale SA342 France scout / anti-armor 13[6]
Airbus H225M France utility / transport 12 6 on order[6]
Trainer Aircraft
BAE Hawk United Kingdom advanced trainer Hawk 64 6[6]
F/A-18 Hornet United States conversion trainer F/A-18D 7[6]

Air Defence

Name Origin Type In service[9] Notes
Air Defence Systems
MIM-104 Patriot United States SAM system 14 8 are PAC-3 standard
MIM-23 Hawk United States SAM system 5
Skyshield Switzerland SAM system 5 consists of two Oerlikon 35mm AA gun and two 4-cell missile launchers
Starburst (missile) UK MANPAD system 50 Ordered in 1993, in service 1995 for GBP50million ($80million incl 50 launchers and 250 missiles)

Ranks of the Kuwait Air Force

Commissioned officer ranks
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
 Kuwait Air Force
16. KAF-GEN.svg
15. KAF-LG.svg
14. KAF-MG.svg
13. KAF-BG.svg
12. KAF-COL.svg
11. KAF-LTC.svg
10. KAF-MAJ.svg
09. KAF-CAPT.svg
08. KAF-1LT.svg
07. KAF-2LT.svg
فريق أول‎‎
Fariq 'awal
فريق
Fariq
لواء
Liwa
عميد
Amid
عقيد
Aqid
مقدم
Muqaddam
رائد
Ra'id
نقيب
Naqib
ملازم أول
Mulazim awwal
ملازم
Mulazim
Other ranks
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
 Kuwait Air Force
06. KAF-CWO.svg
05. KAF-WO.svg
04. KAF-SFC.svg
03. KAF-SGT.svg
02. KAF-CPL.svg
01. KAF-PFC.svg
No insignia
وكيل أول
Wakil 'awal
وكيل
Wakil
رقيب أول
Raqib 'awal
رقیب
Raqib
عريف
Earif
جندي أول
Jundiun awwal
جندي
Jundiun‎‎‎‎

See also

References

  1. ^ Iraqi Perspectives Project Phase II. Um Al-Ma'arik (The Mother of All Battles): Operational and Strategic Insights from an Iraqi Perspective, p. 112
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2010.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Trimble, Stephen (28 September 2010). "Kuwait requests possible C-17 buy". Flight International. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
  4. ^ "Fighter Jet Sales to Gulf Allies Backed by U.S. After a Wait". Bloomberg. 29 September 2016. Archived from the original on 28 September 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Qatar and Kuwait fighter deals signed off". Combat Aircraft. 18 November 2016. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "World Air Forces 2022". Flightglobal. 2022. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
  7. ^ Cenciotti, David (31 March 2022). "Kuwait Air Force Takes Delivery Of Third And Fourth Eurofighter Typhoons". The Avionist. Retrieved 8 April 2022.
  8. ^ "Kuwait Air Force". scramble.nl. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Arms Transfers Database". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 12 April 2016.