Kuwait Liberation Medal
Obverse and reverse of the medal, Fifth Class
TypeFive class award
Awarded forCampaign service
Presented bythe  State of Kuwait
EligibilityMilitary personnel who served during 1990 and 1991 in the Liberation of Kuwait
Campaign(s)Persian Gulf War
StatusNo longer awarded
First awarded1994 (retroactive to 1990)
Ribbon variant of the Kuwait Liberation Medal
Obverse of the medal, Fourth Class
Reverse of the medal, Fourth Class

The Kuwait Liberation Medal (Arabic: وسام التحريرWisām al-Taḥrīr, English: Liberation Medal, lit.'Medal of Liberation') is a medal created in 1994 that was issued by the government of Kuwait to both local and foreign military personnel who served in the Persian Gulf War's "Liberation of Kuwait" campaign phase of 1990 and 31 August 1993.[1]

Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)

Description

The Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) was approved by the Kuwait Council of Ministers for award in five classes, generally according to the rank of the recipient. The medal was offered by the Chief of Staff of the Kuwait Armed Forces on July 16, 1994.

A nation of seafarers and ship builders, Kuwait chose as their coat of arms, the traditional dhow. Falconry is the sport of Kings in the Persian Gulf, and the falcon in the arms is seen as a symbol of Kuwaiti prowess. The official symbolism of the colors is that black symbolizes battlefields, white is for deeds, green is for the meadows, and red is for the blood of Kuwait's enemies.

Fifth Class
Fourth Class
Third Class
Second Class
First Class

Australia

The Australian government has decreed that its military personnel may accept their medals as a keepsake, but permission to wear them in uniform has so far been refused.[2] This is because the Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia) was approved to wear in uniform prior to the Kuwait issued medal being issued.

It was potentially due to a clerical error within the Australian government that medals were issued to serving personnel who had not participated in eligible operations, due to crew change-outs on participating ships.

Canada

The Canadian government has decreed that its military personnel may accept their medals as a keepsake, but permission to wear them in uniform has so far been refused.[3]

Four Canadians were permitted by the government of Canada to wear their medals.[4][citation needed]

France

France accepted all grades version for their personnel according to their rank at the time of Operation Desert Storm, permission to wear them in uniform has been granted.

Italy

The Italian Ministry of Defense authorized the wearing of the medal from the beginning, as well as its transcription in personal service documents. [5]

United Kingdom

The UK's government has decreed that its military personnel may accept their medals as a keepsake but that due to the fact that a UK-created campaign medal, the Gulf Medal, has already been issued, permission to wear the medal or ribbon was denied.[6]

United States

The US accepted only the fifth grade version for all eligible personnel.

Criteria: Awarded to members of the Military Coalition who served in support of Operation Desert Shield or Desert Storm in one or more of the following areas between 2 August 1990 and 31 August 1993: Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, that portion of the Arabian Sea that lies north of 10 degrees north latitude and west of 68 degrees east longitude, as well as the total land areas of Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. To be eligible,[7] a service member must have been:[8]

(1) attached to or regularly serving for one or more days with an organization participating in ground/shore (military) operations;
(2) attached to or regularly serving for one or more days aboard a naval vessel directly supporting military operations;
(3) actually participating as a crew member in one or more aerial flights directly supporting military operations in the areas designated above;
(4) serving on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 nonconsecutive days. These time limitations may be waived for members participating in actual combat operations.

The government of Kuwait offered the Kuwait Liberation Medal to members of the Armed Forces of the United States by letter dated 16 July 1994. The medal was accepted by Secretary of Defense William J. Perry per memorandum dated 16 March 1995.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) – Home of Heroes %". Home of Heroes. Retrieved 2020-06-09.
  2. ^ "Awards Issued After 1945 Grouped by Geographic Location". Defence Honours & Awards. Australian Government Department of Defence. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  3. ^ Personnel, Government of Canada, National Defence, Chief Military. "Frequently Asked Questions". www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca.
  4. ^ "Canada's Naval History". www.warmuseum.ca. Retrieved 2020-06-09.
  5. ^ https://www.difesa.it/SGD-DNA/Staff/DG/PERSOMIL/Circolari/Pagine/Onorificenzenonnazionali.aspx
  6. ^ "Post World War 2 campaign medals". Medals: campaigns, descriptions and eligibility. HM Government. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Kuwait Liberation Medal-Kuwait". edocket.access.gpo.gov.
  8. ^ Air Force Personnel Center Kuwait Liberation Medal--Kuwait Archived 2011-06-19 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Data" (PDF). media.defense.gov. 2017.

Sources