La Goulette
حلق الوادي
Panorama of La Goulette
La Goulette
La Goulette
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 36°49′5″N 10°18′18″E / 36.81806°N 10.30500°E / 36.81806; 10.30500
Country
Tunisia
GovernorateTunis Governorate
DelegationLa Goulette
Government
 • MayorAmel Limam (Tahya Tounes)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total45,711
Time zoneUTC1 (CET)

La Goulette (French pronunciation: ​[la ɡulɛt]), known in Arabic as Halq al-Wadi (حلق الوادي audio speaker iconḤalq el-Wād), is a municipality and the port of Tunis, Tunisia.

La Goulette is located at around 36°49′5″N 10°18′18″E / 36.81806°N 10.30500°E / 36.81806; 10.30500Coordinates: 36°49′5″N 10°18′18″E / 36.81806°N 10.30500°E / 36.81806; 10.30500 on a sandbar between Lake Tūnis and the Gulf of Tunis. The port, located 12km east of Tunis, is the point of convergence of Tunisia's major road and rail networks.[1] La Goulette is linked to Tunis by the TGM railway and to Europe by a ferry service.[2]

Origin of the name

The name derives from the "gullet" or "river's throat", a channel where the city is located, and not from the ship type schooner, called goélette, gulet, goleta or goletta in French, Turkish, Spanish and Italian.

Transit activities

In addition to its transit and cruise activities, the port of La Goulette also receives ships carrying homogeneous cargoes such as cars, bulk cereals. It handles a large portion of the country's imports and much of its exports (principally phosphates, iron ore, and fruits and vegetables).[2]

However, the development plan of the port provides for its specialization as a port exclusively reserved for passenger and tourist traffic.[3]

History

The Kasbah fortress was built in 1535 by Charles I of Spain but was captured by the Ottoman Turks in 1574. The remains of Hispano-Turkish fortifications lie inland.[2]

The port was a popular destination for summer holidays in the 19th Century, known as 'La Petite Sicile'. It was also home to a sizeable Jewish, Italian, and Maltese community.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Linea, Corsica. "CORSICA linea". www.corsicalinea.com (in French). Retrieved 2021-07-06.
  2. ^ a b c d "La Goulette | Tunisia". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-07-06.
  3. ^ "Goulette – Office de la Marine Marchande et des Ports". Retrieved 2021-07-06.