Labour Democratic Party
Partito Democratico del Lavoro
SecretaryIvanoe Bonomi
PresidentMeuccio Ruini
FoundedSeptember 8, 1943 (1943-09-08)
DissolvedJanuary 31, 1948 (1948-01-31)
Preceded byItalian Reformist Socialist Party
(not legal predecessor)
Merged intoItalian Democratic Socialist Party (majority)
IdeologySocial democracy
Social liberalism
Political positionCentre-left
National affiliationNational Liberation Committee (1943-1947)
National Democratic Union (1946–1948)
Colors  Pink

The Labour Democratic Party (Italian: Partito Democratico del Lavoro), previously known as Labour Democracy (Italian: Democrazia del Lavoro), was a social-democratic and social-liberal political party in Italy, founded in 1943 as the heir of defunct Italian Reformist Socialist Party, formed by those Socialists who wanted to cooperate with the Liberal political guard which governed Italy from the days of Giovanni Giolitti. Leading members of the party were Ivanoe Bonomi, Meuccio Ruini and Enrico Molè.


The party became one of the six members of the National Liberation Committee which governed Italy during the war against Fascism from 1944 to 1946. After having fought the 1946 general election within the National Democratic Union, composed basically by Benedetto Croce's Italian Liberal Party and by pre-Fascist leading Liberal politicians, such as Vittorio Emanuele Orlando and Francesco Saverio Nitti, some members joined the Italian Democratic Socialist Party, of which Bonomi was honorary chairman from 1947 until his death in 1951, but also the Italian Socialist Party and, as independents, the Italian Communist Party and the Italian Liberal Party.

Electoral results

Italian Parliament

Chamber of Deputies
Election year Votes % Seats +/– Leader
1946* 40,633 (#15) 0.18
9 / 556
Ivanoe Bonomi