Lafayette County
Lafayette County Courthouse in 1982
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Lafayette County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°40′N 90°08′W / 42.66°N 90.14°W / 42.66; -90.14
Country United States
State Wisconsin
Founded1846
Named forMarquis de Lafayette
SeatDarlington
Largest cityDarlington
Area
 • Total635 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Land634 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Water1.0 sq mi (3 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 • Total16,611
 • Density26.2/sq mi (10.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.co.lafayette.wi.gov

Lafayette County, sometimes spelled La Fayette County, is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. It was part of the Wisconsin Territory at the time of its founding. As of the 2020 census, the population was 16,611.[1] Its county seat is Darlington.[2] The county was named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, the French general who rendered assistance to the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War.[3] The courthouse scenes from the 2009 film Public Enemies were filmed at the Lafayette County Courthouse in Darlington.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 635 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 634 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Buses

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
185011,531
186018,13457.3%
187022,65925.0%
188021,279−6.1%
189020,265−4.8%
190020,9593.4%
191020,075−4.2%
192020,002−0.4%
193018,649−6.8%
194018,6950.2%
195018,137−3.0%
196018,1420.0%
197017,456−3.8%
198017,412−0.3%
199016,076−7.7%
200016,1370.4%
201016,8364.3%
202016,611−1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010[9] 2020[1]

2020 census

As of the census of 2020,[1] the population was 16,611. The population density was 26.2 inhabitants per square mile (10.1/km2). There were 7,156 housing units at an average density of 11.3 per square mile (4.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.7% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Black or African American, 3.7% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Ethnically, the population was 6.6% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Lafayette County
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Lafayette County

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 16,137 people, 6,211 households, and 4,378 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 6,674 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.03% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.8% were of German, 17.5% Norwegian, 13.6% Irish, 11.9% English, 6.8% Swiss and 6.0% American ancestry.

There were 6,211 households, out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Politics

United States presidential election results for Lafayette County, Wisconsin[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,821 56.35% 3,647 42.63% 87 1.02%
2016 3,977 51.91% 3,288 42.91% 397 5.18%
2012 3,314 41.68% 4,536 57.04% 102 1.28%
2008 2,984 38.10% 4,732 60.43% 115 1.47%
2004 3,929 46.84% 4,402 52.48% 57 0.68%
2000 3,336 45.93% 3,710 51.08% 217 2.99%
1996 2,172 33.62% 3,261 50.48% 1,027 15.90%
1992 2,582 32.85% 3,143 39.99% 2,134 27.15%
1988 3,665 50.69% 3,521 48.70% 44 0.61%
1984 4,584 60.43% 2,961 39.03% 41 0.54%
1980 4,421 51.46% 3,598 41.88% 572 6.66%
1976 4,131 50.48% 3,839 46.91% 213 2.60%
1972 4,898 62.91% 2,804 36.01% 84 1.08%
1968 4,084 55.10% 2,853 38.49% 475 6.41%
1964 3,194 41.64% 4,471 58.28% 6 0.08%
1960 4,715 56.60% 3,607 43.30% 8 0.10%
1956 4,733 59.33% 3,212 40.26% 33 0.41%
1952 5,731 66.23% 2,905 33.57% 17 0.20%
1948 3,288 46.28% 3,740 52.65% 76 1.07%
1944 4,421 54.27% 3,696 45.37% 30 0.37%
1940 5,059 53.71% 4,315 45.81% 45 0.48%
1936 3,801 41.11% 4,976 53.81% 470 5.08%
1932 3,246 39.52% 4,886 59.49% 81 0.99%
1928 5,134 58.53% 3,585 40.87% 52 0.59%
1924 2,671 34.69% 1,265 16.43% 3,763 48.88%
1920 4,893 76.11% 1,357 21.11% 179 2.78%
1916 2,544 54.07% 2,059 43.76% 102 2.17%
1912 1,747 39.14% 1,852 41.50% 864 19.36%
1908 2,832 55.96% 2,100 41.49% 129 2.55%
1904 2,875 58.19% 1,928 39.02% 138 2.79%
1900 2,852 55.83% 2,100 41.11% 156 3.05%
1896 2,919 54.74% 2,236 41.94% 177 3.32%
1892 2,366 47.87% 2,286 46.25% 291 5.89%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "2020 Decennial Census: Lafayette County, Wisconsin". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Government Printing Office. pp. 178.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 11, 2020.

Further reading

Coordinates: 42°40′N 90°08′W / 42.66°N 90.14°W / 42.66; -90.14