Laibin
来宾市 • Laizbinh
Laibin Station
Laibin Station
Location of Laibin in Guangxi
Location of Laibin in Guangxi
Laibin is located in China
Laibin
Laibin
Coordinates (Laibin municipal government): 23°45′00″N 109°13′16″E / 23.7501°N 109.2212°E / 23.7501; 109.2212Coordinates: 23°45′00″N 109°13′16″E / 23.7501°N 109.2212°E / 23.7501; 109.2212
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionGuangxi
Municipal seatXingbin District
Area
 • Total13,400 km2 (5,200 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,498,236
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-GX-13
Websitelaibin.gov.cn

Laibin (simplified Chinese: 来宾市; traditional Chinese: 來賓市; pinyin: Láibīn, Zhuang: Laizbinh) is a prefecture-level city in the central part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

History

Laibin is an ancient town with more than 2000 years of history. The area was settled in prehistoric times, more than 30,000 years ago.

Geography and climate

Laibin (labelled as LAI-PIN) (1954)
Laibin (labelled as LAI-PIN) (1954)

Laibin is located in central Guangxi. The Hongshui River or Red River and Rong River, both tributaries of the Xi River, meet in Laibin. Its administrative area is 13,400 square kilometres (5,200 sq mi), of which more than 43% is forested.

Climate data for Laibin (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
33.0
(91.4)
34.7
(94.5)
36.7
(98.1)
36.6
(97.9)
37.2
(99.0)
39.6
(103.3)
39.5
(103.1)
38.2
(100.8)
36.2
(97.2)
32.7
(90.9)
29.6
(85.3)
39.6
(103.3)
Average high °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
16.6
(61.9)
19.9
(67.8)
25.5
(77.9)
29.6
(85.3)
31.8
(89.2)
33.2
(91.8)
33.5
(92.3)
31.7
(89.1)
28.1
(82.6)
23.2
(73.8)
18.4
(65.1)
25.6
(78.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.1
(52.0)
12.9
(55.2)
16.1
(61.0)
21.4
(70.5)
25.2
(77.4)
27.5
(81.5)
28.6
(83.5)
28.6
(83.5)
26.7
(80.1)
22.9
(73.2)
17.9
(64.2)
13.1
(55.6)
21.0
(69.8)
Average low °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
10.3
(50.5)
13.5
(56.3)
18.5
(65.3)
22.0
(71.6)
24.5
(76.1)
25.3
(77.5)
25.2
(77.4)
23.2
(73.8)
19.2
(66.6)
14.1
(57.4)
9.4
(48.9)
17.8
(64.0)
Record low °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
0.4
(32.7)
0.7
(33.3)
7.6
(45.7)
12.6
(54.7)
16.9
(62.4)
19.7
(67.5)
20.5
(68.9)
15.0
(59.0)
8.6
(47.5)
2.6
(36.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.1
(2.01)
54.7
(2.15)
75.5
(2.97)
103.9
(4.09)
212.2
(8.35)
269.3
(10.60)
214.4
(8.44)
149.7
(5.89)
82.6
(3.25)
53.0
(2.09)
47.3
(1.86)
27.6
(1.09)
1,341.3
(52.79)
Average relative humidity (%) 74 78 80 80 79 82 80 79 75 71 71 69 77
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Administration

Laibin administers 1 district, 1 county-level city 3 counties, and 1 autonomous county.

District:

County-level city:

Counties:

Autonomous county:

Map

Demographics

Laibin's population is 2,498,236(2010).[1] 69.4% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group. The rest include Han, Yao, and other ethnic groups.

English Name Simplified Traditional Pinyin Zhuang Area Population(2010 )
Xingbin District 兴宾区 興賓區 Xīngbīn Qū Sinhbinh Gih 4,404 1,015,165( 68.27% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Xincheng County 忻城县 忻城縣 Xīnchéng Xiàn Yinhcwngz Yen 2,541 405,384 (90.92% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Xiangzhou County 象州县 象州縣 Xiàngzhōu Xiàn Cienghcou Yen 1,899 354,918 (70.4% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Wuxuan County 武宣县 武宣縣 Wǔxuān Xiàn Mouxsien Yen 2,485 431,330 (67.17% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County 金秀瑶族自治县 金秀瑤族自治縣 Jīnxiù Yáozú Zìzhìxiàn Ginhsiu Yauzcuz Swci Yen 2,517 152,212 (43.97% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Heshan 合山市 Héshān Shì Hozsan Si 350 139,227 (69.55% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

[1]

Economy

Laibin is an important transportation hub with several regional and national highways, important rail lines, and shipping along the Hongshui River to Hong Kong, Macau, and Guangzhou. Agriculture is a major industry with sugarcane, rice, peanuts, tea, and fruits being the major crops. There are more than 600 industries in Laibin including sugar processing, powerplants, construction materials, mining, and Chinese medicine. The area produces 1/4 of the world's indium.

Culture

Laibin is filled with numerous examples of unique ethnic minority culture, especially from the Yao. There are also many types of dance found only in the area including the Bamboo Horse, the Colorful Butterfly, the Dragon Fish, the Emerald, the Bright Lantern, and the Yao dance, the Monkey Drum.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b 来宾市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. tjcn.org (in Chinese (China)). December 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2013-01-09.