Laminaria sinclairii
Scientific classification edit
Clade: SAR
Phylum: Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order: Laminariales
Family: Laminariaceae
Genus: Laminaria
Species:
L. sinclairii
Binomial name
Laminaria sinclairii
(Harvey ex J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Farlow, Anderson & Eaton, 1878[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Laminaria andersonii Eaton ex Hervey, 1881
  • Lessonia sinclairii Harvey ex J.D.Hooker & Harvey, 1847
Laminaria sinclairii
Laminaria sinclairii

Laminaria sinclairii is a species of brown algae (class Phaeophyceae), in the family Laminariaceae. It is native to the lower intertidal zone of the northeastern Pacific Ocean from British Columbia southwards to California.

Description

This dark brown, perennial kelp grows from a creeping, branching rhizome which sends up thalli at intervals. The thalli are ribbon-like and grow to a length of about 1 m (3 ft) and width of 3 cm (1.2 in) with a smooth surface and entire edges. They grow on short, cylindrical stipes some 10 cm (4 in) long and 5 mm (0.2 in) wide containing many mucilage ducts.[2] It is very similar in appearance to Laminaria longipes but that species does not have mucilage glands in the stipes. In 1972, the American phycologist James W. Markham did some transplanting experiments to try to determine whether the presence of mucilage glands is a distinctive feature or the two species were identical. He found that they were indeed distinct and that there were some other differences between the two related to the width of blades, the shedding of the blades, the morphology of the reproductive structures, temperature tolerance and habitat preference.[3]

Distribution and habitat

Laminaria sinclairii is found in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, its range extending from Vancouver Island in British Columbia, southwards to Ventura County, California. It occurs on rocky substrates, sometimes partially covered in sand, in the lower part of the intertidal zone.[2]

Ecology

This is the dominant seaweed on rocks in the lower part of the intertidal zone in Oregon on beaches where sand levels fluctuate dramatically at different times of year. In March and April new thalli appear from the rhizomes but these blades are progressively buried by rising sand levels which results in the complete burial of the plants over the summer.[4] With the arrival of storms in the fall, the sand is scoured away and the thalli reappear. Reproductive sori are produced on the old blades before they are shed in December and on the new blades that grow in the spring.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b Guiry, Michael D. (2015). "Laminaria sinclairii (Harvey ex J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Farlow, Anderson & Eaton, 1878". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  2. ^ a b Abbott, Isabella A.; Hollenberg, George J. (1992). Marine Algae of California. Stanford University Press. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-8047-2152-3.
  3. ^ Lobban, Christopher S.; Wynne, Michael James (1981). The Biology of Seaweeds. University of California Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-520-04585-9.
  4. ^ a b Markham, James W. (1973). "Observations on the ecology of Laminaria sinclairii on three northern Oregon beaches". Journal of Phycology. 9 (3): 336–341. doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.1973.tb04103.x.