Lamjung District
लमजुङ
Annapurna2.jpg
Location of Lamjung (dark yellow) in Gandaki Province
Location of Lamjung (dark yellow) in Gandaki Province
Country   Nepal
ProvinceGandaki Province
Admin HQ.Besisahar
Government
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Lamjung
Area
 • Total1,692 km2 (653 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total167,728
 • Density99/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Telephone Code066
Main Language(s)Nepali, Gurung, Magar, Dura
WebsiteOfficial website

Lamjung District (Nepali: लमजुङ जिल्ला [ˈlʌmd͡zuŋ] (listen)), a part of Gandaki Province, is one of the 77 districts of Nepal. The district, with Besisahar as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,692 square kilometres (653 sq mi) and as of 2011 had a population of 167,724.[1] Lamjung lies in the mid-hills of Nepal spanning tropical to trans-Himalayan geo-ecological belts, including the geographical midpoint of the country (i.e., Duipipal). It has mixed habitation of casts and ethnicities. It is host to probably the highest density of the Gurung ethnic population in the country.

Gallery

Geography and climate

Climate Zone[2] Elevation Range % of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
18.5%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
34.0%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
20.3%
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
14.1%
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
8.0%
Nival above 5,000 meters 3.6%
Trans-Himalayan 3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.
1.3%

Demographics

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Lamjung District had a population of 167,724. Of these, 58.6% spoke Nepali, 29.8% Gurung, 6.6% Tamang, 1.8% Newari, 1.0% Dura and 0.9% Magar as their first language.

38.7% of the population in the district spoke Nepali and 1.3% Gurung as their second language.[3]

Historical population
Census yearPop.±% p.a.
1981 152,720—    
1991 153,697+0.06%
2001 177,149+1.43%
2011 167,724−0.55%
2021 153,480−0.88%
Source: Citypopulation[4]

Rural municipalities and municipalities

2015 earthquake

The epicentre of an earthquake on 25 April 2015 was near Lamjung District.[5] Most of the major damage and casualties took place in nearby Kathmandu, Nepal's capital.[6] The death toll was placed at over 8,800. However, only four deaths were reported in Lamjung District.

While Lamjung was the district with the 20th most deaths in Nepal, it was severely damaged. The villages of Bichaur, Ilampokhari, Dudhpokhari, Gauda, Kolki and Pyarjung were the most affected. Assistant Sub Inspector Bir Bahadur Thapa Magar identified the four deaths in Lamjung District as Lakshmi Gurung, 18, of Ilampokhari village; Nepti Tamang, 91, of Gaudu village; Sher Bahadur Tamang, 62, of Gaudu village; and three-and-a-half-month-old Sumit Bika of Gauda village. Twenty-five people were injured in Lamjung District. Local police estimate 2,094 houses were completely destroyed while another 2,129 houses were partially damaged.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  2. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal — a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  3. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  4. ^ "NEPAL: Administrative Division". www.citypopulation.de.
  5. ^ "Map of the earthquake M7.9 – 29km ESE of Lamjung, Nepal". Global Earthquake Epicenters with Maps. Geographic.org. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Strong Earthquake Strikes Nepal Near Its Capital, Katmandu". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  7. ^ Khan, Hamza (1 May 2015). "Nepal Earthquake: Death toll crosses 5,000, but only 4 die at epicentre". The Indian Express. The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.

Coordinates: 28°14′N 82°25′E / 28.233°N 82.417°E / 28.233; 82.417