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Landese dialect
Maritime Gascon
parlar negue
Pronunciation[parˈla ˈnøɣə]
RegionWest of Landes, part of Chalosse, Bayonne
  • gascon de Bayonne
Occitan alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Landese (Maritime Gascon, or parlar negre, which means "black speech" in English) is a dialect of the Gascon language, spoken in the south-west part of Landes of Gascony, part of Chalosse and around Bayonne (Aquitaine, metropolitan France). Landese is an endangered dialect as are several other Occitan languages.

Reorganization of vowel phonemes

The main feature of Landese is its propensity to pronounce certain vowels with more roundedness (and if necessary, in a more closed or more centralized manner). Thus there is a migration of phonemes from the general Gascon to new phonemes in Landese.


The poet, novelist and essayist Bernat Manciet (1923 - 2005) remained faithful to the local Gascon speaking of his native Landes region where he lived a large part of his life.

The erudite Vincent Foix (1857 - 1932) has written a dictionary[1] on the Gascon from Chalosse and other parts of Landes.


Part of content in this edit is based on a partial translation from the existing French Wikipedia article at fr:Parlar negre (see its history for attribution) which cites the following sources:

See also


  1. ^ Foix, Vincent (November 2003). Dictionnaire gascon-français [Gascon-French dictionnary] (in French and Occitan). Bordeaux: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux. ISBN 2-86781-302-6.