Lavonia, Georgia
Main Street, Lavonia, Georgia, May 2017
Motto(s): 
"Home to Land of Spirit",
"Big Time Small Town"
Location in Franklin County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 34°26′10″N 83°6′23″W / 34.43611°N 83.10639°W / 34.43611; -83.10639Coordinates: 34°26′10″N 83°6′23″W / 34.43611°N 83.10639°W / 34.43611; -83.10639
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountiesFranklin, Hart
Government
Area
 • Total4.53 sq mi (11.73 km2)
 • Land4.51 sq mi (11.67 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation
853 ft (260 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,143
 • Density475.59/sq mi (183.61/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
30553
Area code(s)706
FIPS code13-45460[2]
GNIS feature ID0316687[3]
Websitewww.lavoniaga.gov

Lavonia is a city in Franklin and Hart Counties, Georgia, United States. The population was 2,156 at the 2010 census,[4] up from 1,827 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Lavonia is located in northeastern Franklin County at 34°26′10″N 83°6′23″W / 34.43611°N 83.10639°W / 34.43611; -83.10639 (34.436055, -83.106270).[5] A small portion of the town extends southeast into Hart County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (11.9 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.53%, is covered by water.[4]

The city lies along Interstate 85, 53 miles (85 km) southwest of Greenville, South Carolina, and 94 miles (151 km) northeast of Atlanta.

History

The Cherokee people were indigenous to the area in which Lavonia is located. A sophisticated tribe that typically dwelled in cabins by the 18th century, the Cherokee joined with the British during the American Revolution. When the American colonists prevailed, their land was issued as bounty land to those who had fought in the revolution. As a result, people of European ancestry began to move into the Lavonia area during the 1780s.

The founding of the town of Lavonia came as the result of the expansion of the railroad in northeast Georgia. A railroad line known as the Elberton-Airline Railroad desired another station further to the north. In a move typical for the time, businessmen in the area determined to build a town around the new railroad station. Upon division of the area into town lots and completion of all necessary legal procedures, the town of Lavonia was incorporated in 1880.[6] The community was named after Lavonia Hammond Jones, the wife of a railroad official.[7]

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188072
1890283293.1%
1900699147.0%
19101,712144.9%
19201,644−4.0%
19301,511−8.1%
19401,66710.3%
19501,7665.9%
19602,08818.2%
19702,044−2.1%
19802,024−1.0%
19901,840−9.1%
20001,827−0.7%
20102,15618.0%
20202,143−0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2020 census

Lavonia Racial Composition[9]
Race Num. Perc.
White 1,395 65.1%
Black or African American 492 22.96%
Native American 5 0.23%
Asian 10 0.47%
Pacific Islander 10 0.06%
Other/Mixed 80 3.73%
Hispanic or Latino 161 7.51%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 2,143 people, 1,029 households, and 676 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,827 people, 777 households, and 519 families residing in the city. The population density was 470.0 people per square mile (181.3/km2). There were 882 housing units at an average density of 226.9 per square mile (87.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.24% White, 28.95% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.

There were 777 households, out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,286, and the median income for a family was $28,464. Males had a median income of $29,250 versus $21,328 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,876. About 28.1% of families and 29.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.6% of those under age 18 and 23.0% of those age 65 or over. Lavonia was the main place for trains to stop.


Library

The Lavonia Carnegie Library is located in the city of Lavonia and named after philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. Established in 1911, the one-story Renaissance Revival-style building is important as a local landmark and has continued to be used as a library throughout its history.[10] Lavonia is the smallest city in the entire United States with an original Carnegie Library building.[11]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Lavonia city, Georgia". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ Marie H. Williams, ed. Lavonia: Gem of the Piedmont. Hartwell, GA: Hurley Printing, 1977.[need quotation to verify]
  7. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 130. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  10. ^ "History of the Library". www.athenslibrary.org. Retrieved 2017-03-31.
  11. ^ "Franklin County Tax Assessor's Office". QPublic. Retrieved July 12, 2020.