Lawrence County
Lawrence County Courthouse in Lawrenceville
Map of Illinois highlighting Lawrence County
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°43′N 87°44′W / 38.72°N 87.73°W / 38.72; -87.73
Country United States
State Illinois
Founded1821
Named forJames Lawrence
SeatLawrenceville
Largest cityLawrenceville
Area
 • Total374 sq mi (970 km2)
 • Land372 sq mi (960 km2)
 • Water2.0 sq mi (5 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total15,280
 • Density41/sq mi (16/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district15th
Websitewww.lawrencecounty
illinois.com

Lawrence County is the easternmost county in the U.S. state of Illinois. At the 2020 census, the population was 15,280.[1] Its county seat is Lawrenceville.[2]

History

Lawrence County was formed in 1821 out of Crawford and Edwards counties. It was named for Capt. James Lawrence, who was killed in action during the War of 1812 while commanding the frigate USS Chesapeake.[3] Mortally wounded, he gave his men the famous last order, "Don't give up the ship."

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 374 square miles (970 km2), of which 372 square miles (960 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.5%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather

Lawrenceville, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
2.6
 
 
36
18
 
 
2.5
 
 
42
22
 
 
3.6
 
 
53
32
 
 
4.3
 
 
65
42
 
 
5.1
 
 
75
52
 
 
4.1
 
 
84
61
 
 
4.7
 
 
88
65
 
 
3.7
 
 
86
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3.2
 
 
80
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3.2
 
 
68
42
 
 
4.3
 
 
54
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42
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lawrenceville have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.51 inches (64 mm) in February to 5.13 inches (130 mm) in May.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18303,668
18407,09293.3%
18506,121−13.7%
18609,21450.5%
187012,53336.0%
188013,6639.0%
189014,6937.5%
190016,52312.5%
191022,66137.1%
192021,380−5.7%
193021,8852.4%
194021,075−3.7%
195020,539−2.5%
196018,540−9.7%
197017,522−5.5%
198017,8071.6%
199015,972−10.3%
200015,452−3.3%
201016,8338.9%
202015,280−9.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]
2000 census age pyramid for Lawrence County
2000 census age pyramid for Lawrence County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,833 people, 6,130 households, and 4,056 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 45.2 inhabitants per square mile (17.5/km2). There were 6,936 housing units at an average density of 18.6 per square mile (7.2/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 87.3% white, 9.6% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.7% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.3% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 12.7% were German, 10.4% were American, 9.5% were Irish, and 7.8% were English.[11]

Of the 6,130 households, 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families, and 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 39.7 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $38,771 and the median income for a family was $45,565. Males had a median income of $40,949 versus $25,991 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,297. About 14.8% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Communities

Cities

Village

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Nine townships make up Lawrence County. They are:

Politics

In its early days, Lawrence County was a Democratic-leaning swing county, voting Republican only twice up to 1892 when it supported Ulysses S. Grant in 1872 and Benjamin Harrison in 1888. It did not vote for a losing Republican candidate until Wendell Willkie carried the county in 1940 due to isolationist sentiment. Since that time, however, Lawrence County – like so many in Southern Illinois – has become powerfully Republican due to opposition to Democratic Party social liberalism.[13] The only Democrat to gain an absolute majority in the county since 1936 has been Lyndon Johnson in 1964, although Bill Clinton obtained pluralities in both 1992 and 1996.

United States presidential election results for Lawrence County, Illinois[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,886 76.21% 1,419 22.13% 106 1.65%
2016 4,521 74.63% 1,290 21.29% 247 4.08%
2012 3,857 64.40% 2,011 33.58% 121 2.02%
2008 3,403 51.89% 3,016 45.99% 139 2.12%
2004 4,162 61.85% 2,518 37.42% 49 0.73%
2000 3,594 54.64% 2,822 42.90% 162 2.46%
1996 2,568 40.18% 2,871 44.92% 953 14.91%
1992 2,681 35.80% 3,270 43.67% 1,537 20.53%
1988 3,655 53.57% 3,140 46.02% 28 0.41%
1984 4,686 61.35% 2,924 38.28% 28 0.37%
1980 4,453 56.68% 3,030 38.57% 373 4.75%
1976 4,345 51.47% 4,044 47.90% 53 0.63%
1972 5,347 65.36% 2,818 34.45% 16 0.20%
1968 4,883 54.58% 3,075 34.37% 988 11.04%
1964 4,176 44.85% 5,136 55.15% 0 0.00%
1960 6,120 62.45% 3,667 37.42% 13 0.13%
1956 6,104 61.89% 3,751 38.03% 7 0.07%
1952 6,207 61.54% 3,875 38.42% 4 0.04%
1948 4,472 49.38% 4,391 48.48% 194 2.14%
1944 5,191 55.79% 4,003 43.02% 111 1.19%
1940 6,061 51.22% 5,625 47.54% 147 1.24%
1936 5,060 44.39% 6,168 54.11% 170 1.49%
1932 4,194 40.17% 6,100 58.42% 147 1.41%
1928 5,851 60.16% 3,806 39.13% 69 0.71%
1924 4,607 51.50% 4,103 45.87% 235 2.63%
1920 4,720 54.17% 3,707 42.54% 287 3.29%
1916 4,481 44.47% 5,052 50.14% 543 5.39%
1912 1,617 30.39% 2,550 47.93% 1,153 21.67%
1908 2,197 47.16% 2,253 48.36% 209 4.49%
1904 1,969 50.64% 1,712 44.03% 207 5.32%
1900 1,961 48.03% 2,021 49.50% 101 2.47%
1896 1,972 49.41% 1,948 48.81% 71 1.78%
1892 1,523 45.30% 1,572 46.76% 267 7.94%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 182.
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lawrenceville, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  13. ^ Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times, April 24, 2014
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 9, 2018.

Coordinates: 38°43′N 87°44′W / 38.72°N 87.73°W / 38.72; -87.73