ldd (List Dynamic Dependencies) is a *nix utility that prints the shared libraries required by each program or shared library specified on the command line.[1] It was developed by Roland McGrath and Ulrich Drepper.[2] If some shared library is missing for any program, that program won't come up.


ldd is a shell script that executes the program given as argument, and shouldn't be used with untrusted binaries. The ldd manual page suggests to use the following command using the objdump and grep utilities as alternative:[3]

user@home ~/ $ objdump -p /path/program | grep NEEDED

Usage examples

user@home ~/ $ ldd /usr/bin/mp3blaster
        linux-vdso.so.1 =>  (0x00007fff8fdff000)
        libsidplay.so.1 => /usr/lib/libsidplay.so.1 (0x00007f4ea98ec000)
        libvorbisfile.so.3 => /usr/lib/libvorbisfile.so.3 (0x00007f4ea96e4000)
        libvorbis.so.0 => /usr/lib/libvorbis.so.0 (0x00007f4ea94b6000)
        libncurses.so.5 => /lib/libncurses.so.5 (0x00007f4ea9273000)
        libpthread.so.0 => /lib/libpthread.so.0 (0x00007f4ea9056000)
        libstdc++.so.6 => /usr/lib/libstdc++.so.6 (0x00007f4ea8d41000)
        libm.so.6 => /lib/libm.so.6 (0x00007f4ea8abe000)
        libgcc_s.so.1 => /lib/libgcc_s.so.1 (0x00007f4ea88a7000)
        libc.so.6 => /lib/libc.so.6 (0x00007f4ea8523000)
        libogg.so.0 => /usr/lib/libogg.so.0 (0x00007f4ea831c000)
        libdl.so.2 => /lib/libdl.so.2 (0x00007f4ea8118000)
        /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 (0x00007f4ea9b59000)
user@home ~/ $ ldd /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libstdc++.so.6.0.20
        linux-gate.so.1 (0xb7733000)
        libm.so.6 => /lib/i386-linux-gnu/i686/cmov/libm.so.6 (0xb75da000)
        libc.so.6 => /lib/i386-linux-gnu/i686/cmov/libc.so.6 (0xb742f000)
        /lib/ld-linux.so.2 (0xb7734000)
        libgcc_s.so.1 => /lib/i386-linux-gnu/libgcc_s.so.1 (0xb7411000)


  1. ^ "ldd(1) – Linux man page". die.net. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
  2. ^ "ldd Source Code". stuff.mit.edu. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
  3. ^ "ldd(1): print shared library dependencies - Linux man page". linux.die.net. Retrieved 2020-11-18.