League of Socialist Youth of Yugoslavia
SSOJ

Serbo-Croatian: Savez socialističke omladine Jugoslavije
Slovene: Zveza socialistične mladine Jugoslavije
Macedonian: Сојуз на социјалистичката младина на Југославија
Founded1948
Dissolved1990
HeadquartersBelgrade, SFR Yugoslavia
Membership3.6 million (1983)
Ideology[citation needed]
International affiliationWorld Federation of Democratic Youth
National affiliationSocialist Alliance of Working People of Yugoslavia

The League of Socialist Youth of Yugoslavia (SSOJ) was the youth movement, member organisation of the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Yugoslavia (SSRNJ).[1] Membership stood at more than 3.6 million individuals in 1983.[2]

History

Branko Kostić speaking at the VIII Congress of the SSOJ in Belgrade in 1968
Branko Kostić speaking at the VIII Congress of the SSOJ in Belgrade in 1968

The SSOJ was founded as a merger of the League of Communist Youth of Yugoslavia and the People's Youth of Yugoslavia organizations after World War II. Membership in the organization, though not compulsory, was desirable for those wishing to pursue higher education and a career in public service, and typically began after children completed their time in the Union of Pioneers of Yugoslavia at around 14 or 15 years of age. Similarly to the party itself, the SSOJ was decentralized and each Republic of Yugoslavia had a branch of its own. It was one of the five main government sanctioned socio-political organizations of Yugoslavia and sent its own delegates to the Federal Assembly.[3]

In the 1980s, attitudes within the SSOJ began to change its structure, and by the latter half of the decade it helped facilitate a network of alternative social and political opinions within the youth sphere of Yugoslavia.[3] The organization attempted to subvert the growing threat of nationalism while following a liberal approach to social issues. The SSOJ tried to facilitate youth culture by encouraging the promotion of the arts, including literature and popular music styles.[4] Following the dissolution of the SKJ shortly after the 14th Congress in 1990, the SSOJ was disbanded as well.

References

  1. ^ Fred Warner, Neal (1957). "The Communist Party in Yugoslavia". The American Political Science Review. 51 (1): 99–100.
  2. ^ Delury, George (1983). "Nepal-Zimbabwe, and smaller countries and microstates". World Encyclopedia of Political Systems & Parties. Facts on File. ISBN 0871965747.
  3. ^ a b Ljubica Spaskovska (30 April 2017). The last Yugoslav generation: The rethinking of youth politics and cultures in late socialism. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-1-5261-0634-6.
  4. ^ Dalibor Mišina (1 April 2016). Shake, Rattle and Roll: Yugoslav Rock Music and the Poetics of Social Critique. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-05670-6.