Leake County
Leake County Courthouse in Carthage
Leake County Courthouse in Carthage
Map of Mississippi highlighting Leake County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°45′N 89°31′W / 32.75°N 89.52°W / 32.75; -89.52
Country United States
State Mississippi
Founded1833
Named forWalter Leake
SeatCarthage
Largest cityCarthage
Area
 • Total585 sq mi (1,520 km2)
 • Land583 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Water2.5 sq mi (6 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total23,805
 • Estimate 
(2018)
22,763
 • Density41/sq mi (16/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.leakecountyms.org

Leake County is a county located in the center of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,805.[1] Its county seat is Carthage.[2] The county is named for Walter Leake, the Governor of Mississippi from 1822 to 1825.[3]

In 2010, the center of population of Mississippi was located in Leake County, near the town of Lena.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 585 square miles (1,520 km2), of which 583 square miles (1,510 km2) is land and 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18402,162
18505,533155.9%
18609,32468.5%
18708,496−8.9%
188013,14654.7%
189014,80312.6%
190017,36017.3%
191018,2985.4%
192016,973−7.2%
193021,80328.5%
194024,57012.7%
195021,610−12.0%
196018,660−13.7%
197017,085−8.4%
198018,79010.0%
199018,436−1.9%
200020,94013.6%
201023,80513.7%
2018 (est.)22,763[6]−4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2020 census

Leake County Racial Composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White 10,069 47.33%
Black or African American 8,189 38.49%
Native American 1,297 6.1%
Asian 78 0.37%
Pacific Islander 5 0.02%
Other/Mixed 407 1.91%
Hispanic or Latino 1,230 5.78%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 21,275 people, 8,105 households, and 5,591 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,805 people living in the county. 49.5% were White, 40.6% Black or African American, 6.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 2.8% of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races. 4.3% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 20,940 people, 7,611 households, and 5,563 families living in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km2). There were 8,585 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 56.14% White, 37.42% Black or African American, 4.56% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. 2.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,611 households, out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 16.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.90% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.13. In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.90% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,055, and the median income for a family was $32,147. Males had a median income of $27,367 versus $18,307 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,365. About 18.10% of families and 23.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.90% of those under age 18 and 23.90% of those age 65 or over.


Government and infrastructure

The county is quite rural, with Carthage the only city and three towns.

The Mississippi Department of Corrections contracted for development of the Walnut Grove Youth Correctional Facility, which opened in 2001 in the town of Walnut Grove.[13] The facility was operated by the private Management and Training Corporation (MTC).[14]

By 2006, the Town of Walnut Grove annexed the land of the prison, resulting in an apparent increase in population, which was chiefly associated with prisoners.[15] MTC was repeatedly cited for problems with poor treatment of prisoners, and abuses within the facility. The state closed it in 2016.[16]

Education

The Leake County School District is the sole school district of the county.[17]

Choctaw Tribal School System has two tribal schools in the county: Red Water Elementary School and Standing Pine Elementary School.[18][19]

East Central Community College is the area community college, including Carthage Career Advancement Center in Leake County.[citation needed]

Racial segregation

Most white students attend private schools while black and Hispanic children attend the local public schools.[citation needed]

School Total Students White Students Black Students Hispanic Students Note
Leake County 24,000 56% 37% 2% 2010 Census
Leake Academy (Private) 578 571 (99%) 0 (0%) 3 (>1%) [20]
Leake Central High School(Public) 562 132 (20%) 373 (66%) 57 (10%) NOTE

Politics

United States presidential election results for Leake County, Mississippi[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,228 56.83% 3,897 42.36% 75 0.82%
2016 4,782 56.60% 3,584 42.42% 83 0.98%
2012 4,863 54.14% 4,079 45.41% 41 0.46%
2008 5,148 55.01% 4,151 44.35% 60 0.64%
2004 4,962 60.41% 3,212 39.10% 40 0.49%
2000 4,114 59.18% 2,793 40.18% 45 0.65%
1996 3,017 47.60% 2,902 45.79% 419 6.61%
1992 3,943 50.64% 3,333 42.81% 510 6.55%
1988 4,168 59.86% 2,787 40.03% 8 0.11%
1984 4,663 62.04% 2,845 37.85% 8 0.11%
1980 3,624 46.83% 4,033 52.12% 81 1.05%
1976 2,952 45.36% 3,415 52.47% 141 2.17%
1972 4,217 79.13% 1,053 19.76% 59 1.11%
1968 453 7.17% 1,295 20.50% 4,568 72.32%
1964 4,343 96.23% 170 3.77% 0 0.00%
1960 286 8.80% 953 29.32% 2,011 61.88%
1956 220 7.34% 2,475 82.53% 304 10.14%
1952 603 18.44% 2,667 81.56% 0 0.00%
1948 12 0.46% 180 6.97% 2,392 92.57%
1944 24 0.85% 2,800 99.15% 0 0.00%
1940 17 0.60% 2,802 99.26% 4 0.14%
1936 8 0.31% 2,566 99.30% 10 0.39%
1932 14 0.73% 1,903 98.81% 9 0.47%
1928 212 11.12% 1,695 88.88% 0 0.00%
1924 48 3.68% 1,255 96.32% 0 0.00%
1920 121 9.85% 1,082 88.11% 25 2.04%
1916 31 2.08% 1,434 96.05% 28 1.88%
1912 11 1.05% 910 86.91% 126 12.03%


Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 183.
  4. ^ "Centers of Population by State: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ "Five Private Prisons Archived 2012-10-13 at the Wayback Machine." Mississippi Department of Corrections. Retrieved on November 21, 2010.
  14. ^ "Walnut Grove Correctional Facility" (PDF). Management and Training Corporation. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 24, 2012. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
  15. ^ "Walnut Grove Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine." First Impressions. Mississippi State University, February 2008. 0 (3/21). Retrieved on August 14, 2010. "Looking at the MDA profile, the population growth is impressive (year 2000 – 488, year 2006 – 1,424). However, we learned that most of this population growth has been due to the location and annexation of the Walnut Grove Youth Correctional Facility."
  16. ^ Wiliams, Timothy (September 16, 2016). "Privately Run Mississippi Prison, Called a Scene of Horror, is Shut Down". New York Times. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  17. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Leake County, MS" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2022. - Text list
  18. ^ "Home". Red Water Elementary School. Retrieved August 6, 2022. 107 Braves Boulevard Carthage, MS 39051
  19. ^ "Home". Red Water Elementary School. Retrieved August 6, 2022. 538 Highway 487 East Carthage, MS 39051
  20. ^ "Leake Academy". National Center for Educational Statistics. US Department of Education. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 4, 2018.

Coordinates: 32°45′N 89°31′W / 32.75°N 89.52°W / 32.75; -89.52