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Legislative assembly is the name given in some countries to either a legislature, or to one of its houses.

The name is used by a number of countries, including member-states of the Commonwealth of Nations and other countries. It is also used by their sub-national divisions, such as the Indian states and union territories, Australian states and Canadian provinces.

Legislative assemblies in the Commonwealth

Legislative assemblies in modern-day Commonwealth countries, either as national or sub-national parliaments, are in most cases an evolution of one of the legislative chambers of the previous colonial parliaments, whether the full legislature or a lower house. In a number of jurisdictions, the name House of Assembly is used instead. It is one of the main names used in everyday speech for parliament in many countries.

Australia

The lower houses of the parliaments of the Australian states are called Legislative Assemblies. In South Australia and Tasmania, they are referred to as the House of Assembly. The only state with a sole chamber is the state of Queensland as it has abolished the former Legislative Council (upper house) of its parliament, leaving the Legislative Assembly as the sole chamber. There has been a push lately to reinstate the Legislative Council (upper house) in Queensland to be in line with other states. The parliaments of the Australian territories only have a sole chamber like Queensland, which is the Legislative Assembly. Members of the Legislative Assembly/House of Assembly are referred to as MLAs (NSW, VIC, QLD, WA, ACT, NT) or MHAs (SA, TAS).

Canada

Main article: Legislative assemblies of Canadian provinces and territories

In Canada, seven of the ten provinces and all three of the territories style their legislatures as legislative assemblies. All are unicameral. Manitoba was the first to abolish its Legislative Council in 1876. British Columbia and Newfoundland and Labrador abolished their Councils before becoming provinces. There was no Council for Alberta when it was created in 1905. The Legislative Assembly of Quebec was renamed the Quebec National Assembly as part of the abolition of the Legislative Council of Quebec on December 31, 1968.

India

In India, the lower house or only house of each constituent state legislature is called the State Legislative Assembly. The same name is also used for the only house of the legislatures for three of the Union territories, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir and Puducherry. The upper house in the six states with a bicameral legislature is called the State Legislative Council, or Vidhan Parishad. Members of the former are called MLAs, and those of the latter MLCs.

Malaysia

In Malaysia, the unicameral parliaments of the 13 individual states are known as Dewan Undangan Negeri ("state legislative assembly").

Former legislative assemblies

In Mauritius, the unicameral Parliament was known as the legislative assembly until 1992, when, following the establishment of a republic, it was renamed the National Assembly.

Legislative assemblies outside the Commonwealth

Legislative Assembly is the name given to the national legislatures (or one of the houses of the national legislature) of the sovereign nations of Bolivia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Samoa, and Tonga as well as formerly of Thailand, South Sudan, Kyrgyzstan and Revolutionary France. It is also the name of the legislative bodies of the U.S. state of Oregon and U.S. territory of Puerto Rico. The legislatures of the States of Brazil are called "legislative assembly", as are the legislatures of the two insular autonomous regions of Portugal, Azores and Madeira, respectively the Legislative Assembly of the Azores and the Legislative Assembly of Madeira.

See also