Leibo County
雷波县 · ꃀꁧꑤ
Location of Leibo County (red) within Liangshan Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
Location of Leibo County (red) within Liangshan Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
Leibo is located in Sichuan
Leibo
Leibo
Location of the county seat in Sichuan
Leibo is located in China
Leibo
Leibo
Leibo (China)
Coordinates (Leibo County government): 28°15′46″N 103°34′18″E / 28.2627°N 103.5717°E / 28.2627; 103.5717
CountryChina
ProvinceSichuan
Autonomous prefectureLiangshan
County seatJincheng
Area
 • Total2,932.46 km2 (1,132.23 sq mi)
Elevation
1,175 m (3,855 ft)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total240,149
 • Density82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
616550
Websitewww.lbx.gov.cn
Leibo County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese雷波县
Traditional Chinese雷波縣
Yi name
Yiꃀꁧꑤ
Romanisation: mop bbo xiep

Leibo County (Chinese: 雷波县, Yi: ꃀꁧꑤ) is a mountainous county of southern Sichuan province, China, along the border with Yunnan. It is under the administration of the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, and has a population of 223,000[when?], 91% of whom are agricultural, residing in an area of 2,932.46 square kilometres (1,132.23 sq mi); the Yi are the largest ethnic group, forming 45% of the population.[2] Ayi Jihu, a singer signed to British company Shlepp Records, is from Leibo County.[3]

Administrative divisions

Leibo County comprises 11 towns and 10 townships.

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Yi Romanized Yi Administrative division code
Towns
Jincheng Town 锦城镇 Jǐnchéng Zhèn ꏢꍰꍔ ji chep zhep 513437100
Xining Town 西宁镇 Xīníng Zhèn ꌦꇗꍔ sy lyp zhep 513437101
Wenshui Town 汶水镇 Wènshuǐ Zhèn ꋦꈯꍔ zzur ggur zhep 513437102
Huanglang Town 黄琅镇 Huángláng Zhèn ꉐꇁꍔ hxa la zhep 513437103
Jinsha Town 金沙镇 Jīnshā Zhèn ꏠꎫꍔ jit shat zhep 513437104
Yongzheng Town 永盛镇 Yǒngshèng Zhèn ꑿꎹꍔ yo shep zhep 513437105
Dukou Town 渡口镇 Dùkǒu Zhèn ꄗꈈꍔ dup ko zhep 513437106
Majingzi Town 马颈子镇 Mǎjǐngzǐ Zhèn ꂶꏢꌅꍔ max ji nzy zhep 513437107
Shangtianba Town 上田坝镇 Shàngtiánbà Zhèn ꃪꆊꐟꈯꍔ vat not jjiep ggur zhep 513437108
Wagang Town 瓦岗镇 Wǎgǎng Zhèn ꃪꈜꍔ vat gga zhep 513437109
Baoshan Town 宝山镇 Bǎoshān Zhèn ꇱꄹꇓꆈꍔ gep ddip lur nuo zhep 513437110
Townships
Qingkou Township 箐口乡 Qìngkǒu Xiāng ꌭꈈꑣ ssip ko xie 513437203
Ganzi Township 柑子乡 Gānzǐ Xiāng ꇤꌅꑣ ga nzy xie 513437214
Guihua Township 桂花乡 Guìhuā Xiāng ꇭꉵꑣ gop huot xie 513437217
Shanlenggang Township 山棱岗乡 Shānlénggǎng Xiāng ꌐꆺꇢꑣ sat lip gat xie 513437220
Gudui Township 谷堆乡 Gǔduī Xiāng ꇴꊪꑣ gu zy xie 513437222
Lami Township 拉咪乡 Lāmī Xiāng ꇁꃅꑣ la mu xie 513437224
Qianwanguan Township 千万贯乡 Qiānwànguàn Xiāng ꊮꉐꈢꑣ cit hxa ggot xie 513437227
Mohong Township 莫红乡 Mòhóng Xiāng ꃀꉘꑣ mop hxo xie 513437233
Bagu Township 巴姑乡 Bāgū Xiāng ꁠꈯꑣ bba ggur xie 513437237
Kahaluo Township 卡哈洛乡 Kǎhāluò Xiāng ꈁꉐꇉꑣ ka hxa lo xie 513437241

Geography and climate

Leibo County ranges in latitude from 27° 49' to 28° 36' N and in longitude from 103° 10' to 103° 52' E, and lies on the northern bank of the Jinsha River in the Hengduan Mountains in the eastern portion of Liangshan Prefecture. It borders Yongshan County (Yunnan) to the southeast across the river, the cities of Yibin and Leshan to the north, Meigu County to the west, and Zhaojue and Jinyang counties to the southwest. Elevations range from 325 metres (1,066 ft) along the banks of the Jinsha, also the lowest point in the prefecture, to 4,076.5 m (13,374 ft) at Mount Shizi (Chinese: 狮子山; pinyin: Shīzi Shān; lit. 'lion mountain'),[2] and generally increase from east to west.

Due to its low latitude and elevation above 1,150 m (3,770 ft), Leibo has a monsoon-influenced subtropical highland climate bordering on a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwb/Cwa), with very warm, rainy summers and cool, damp winters. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 3.9 °C (39.0 °F) in January to 22.6 °C (72.7 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 14.0 °C (57.2 °F). Rainfall is extremely common year-round, occurring on 207−208 days of the year, but over half of the annual total occurs from June to August. The frost-free period averages 270 days, and there are 1,225 hours of sunshine annually.[2]

Climate data for Leibo, elevation 1,256 m (4,121 ft), (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
30.0
(86.0)
34.4
(93.9)
31.9
(89.4)
33.7
(92.7)
35.0
(95.0)
34.3
(93.7)
35.3
(95.5)
35.5
(95.9)
28.4
(83.1)
24.1
(75.4)
19.3
(66.7)
35.5
(95.9)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
10.2
(50.4)
15.2
(59.4)
20.4
(68.7)
23.2
(73.8)
24.7
(76.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
23.1
(73.6)
18.0
(64.4)
13.9
(57.0)
8.5
(47.3)
18.3
(64.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
6.3
(43.3)
10.4
(50.7)
15.2
(59.4)
18.3
(64.9)
20.5
(68.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22.4
(72.3)
19.0
(66.2)
14.7
(58.5)
10.5
(50.9)
5.4
(41.7)
14.1
(57.4)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
3.8
(38.8)
7.3
(45.1)
11.5
(52.7)
14.8
(58.6)
17.5
(63.5)
19.5
(67.1)
19.1
(66.4)
16.5
(61.7)
12.7
(54.9)
8.4
(47.1)
3.4
(38.1)
11.4
(52.5)
Record low °C (°F) −7.9
(17.8)
−6.6
(20.1)
−4.8
(23.4)
0.3
(32.5)
4.4
(39.9)
9.6
(49.3)
12.5
(54.5)
12.9
(55.2)
8.3
(46.9)
0.1
(32.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
−8.9
(16.0)
−8.9
(16.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.8
(0.43)
10.1
(0.40)
26.4
(1.04)
56.6
(2.23)
87.6
(3.45)
148.7
(5.85)
184.9
(7.28)
174.5
(6.87)
100.7
(3.96)
45.7
(1.80)
14.0
(0.55)
7.8
(0.31)
867.8
(34.17)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 11.4 9.2 12.2 14.0 15.5 18.7 16.8 16.3 16.5 17.2 11.7 10.6 170.1
Average snowy days 6.9 3.4 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 2.4 13.4
Average relative humidity (%) 79 76 74 73 74 81 82 82 84 84 81 80 79
Mean monthly sunshine hours 54.5 71.5 94.5 115.7 110.2 80.9 129.0 143.7 80.3 49.7 60.8 52.0 1,042.8
Percent possible sunshine 17 23 25 30 26 19 30 36 22 14 19 16 23
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]
Source 2: Weather China[2]

References

  1. ^ "凉山州第七次全国人口普查公报(第二号)——县(市)人口情况" (in Chinese). Government of Liangshan Prefecture. 2021-06-02.
  2. ^ a b c d 雷波城市介绍 (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  3. ^ Lü Chaoran (吕超然) (September 2008), 剑桥彝族美女吉胡阿依:英国第一位Hip Hop中国女歌手 [Cambridge ethnic Yi girl Jihu Ayi: UK's first Chinese female hip-hop artist], New Youth, archived from the original on 2012-07-16, retrieved 2010-01-05
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 14 April 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 14 April 2023.