Lengshuijiang
冷水江市
Lengshuijiang
Lengshuijiang
Location in Hunan
Coordinates: 27°41′10″N 111°26′10″E / 27.686°N 111.436°E / 27.686; 111.436Coordinates: 27°41′10″N 111°26′10″E / 27.686°N 111.436°E / 27.686; 111.436[1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHunan
Prefecture-level cityLoudi
Area
 • County-level city436.28 km2 (168.45 sq mi)
 • Urban48.81 km2 (18.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[4]
 • County-level city327,279
 • Estimate 
(2017)
407,000
 • Density750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 • Urban198,299
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
4175XX

Lengshuijiang (Chinese: 冷水江; pinyin: Lěngshuǐjiāng) is a county-level city in Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Loudi prefecture-level City. Located in central Hunan, the city is bordered to the north and west by Xinhua County, to the south by Xinshao County, to the east by Lianyuan City. Lengshuijiang City covers 439 km2 (169 sq mi). As of 2015, it has a registered population of 370,300 and a resident population of 342,700.[5] The city has four subdistricts, five towns and a township under its jurisdiction, the government seat is Lengshuijiang Subdistrict (冷水江街道).[6]

Lengshuijiang was incorporated as a city in 1960 which created from parts of Xinhua County. It is a resource-based city which is rich in antimony, it has the world's largest antimony mine (more than 50% of the world's production of antimony).

Subdivision

According to the result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Lengshuijiang on November 23, 2015, the divisions of Lengshuijiang, according to the result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Lengshuijiang on November 23, 2015: Kuangshan Township was merged into Xikuangshan Subdistrict, Yankou Town was merged into Duoshan Town, Zilong Township was merged into Zhadu Town, Panqiao Township, Tongxing Township and Maoyi Town were revoked.[7]

English name Chinese name Population (2015) Area (2015) Notes
Buxi Subdistrict 布溪街道 20,000 12.24-square-kilometre (4.73 sq mi)
Lengshuijiang Subdistrict 冷水江街道 81,200 15.9-square-kilometre (6.1 sq mi)
Shatangwan Subdistrict 沙塘湾街道 49,000 47.57-square-kilometre (18.37 sq mi)
Xikuangshan Subdistrict 锡矿山街道 30,500 67.05-square-kilometre (25.89 sq mi)
Duoshan Town 铎山镇 47,300 52.29-square-kilometre (20.19 sq mi)
Heqing Town 禾青镇 36,800 44.44-square-kilometre (17.16 sq mi)
Jinzhushan Town 金竹山镇 15,000 26.6-square-kilometre (10.3 sq mi)
Sanjian Town 三尖镇 20,000 36.8-square-kilometre (14.2 sq mi)
Zhadu Town 渣渡镇 32,000 74.97-square-kilometre (28.95 sq mi)
Zhonglian Township 中连乡 27,500 53.03-square-kilometre (20.47 sq mi)

Geography

Picture of Zi River in Lengshuijiang, Hunan.
Picture of Zi River in Lengshuijiang, Hunan.

Lengshuijiang is located in the middle of Hunan province, on foothills of the Xuefeng Mountains and along the Zi River. The city is bordered to the north by Anhua County, to the east by Lianyuan, to the south by Xinshao, and to the west and northwest by Xinhua. The city has a total area of 439-square-kilometre (169 sq mi).

River

Zi River, is a tributary of Xiang River, flows through the city, draining an area of 326.5 square kilometres (126.1 sq mi).

Reservoirs

Zhoutou Reservoir (周头水库) is a reservoir and the largest body of water in the city.

Mountains

There are 123 mountains in the city over 400-metre (1,300 ft) above sea level, and 20 of them are more than 800-metre (2,600 ft).[8] The highest natural elevation in Lengshuijiang is 1,073-metre (3,520 ft) at Zushiling Ridge (祖师岭).[9]

Climate

Lengshuijiang is in the subtropical monsoon climate zone, with an average annual temperature of 16.7 °C (62.1 °F), total annual rainfall of 1,354-millimetre (53.3 in), a frost-free period of 269 days and annual average sunshine hours in 1401.8 hours. It exhibits four distinct seasons.[8]

Climate data for Lengshuijiang (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
30.2
(86.4)
35.0
(95.0)
35.7
(96.3)
36.5
(97.7)
37.2
(99.0)
39.5
(103.1)
40.0
(104.0)
38.4
(101.1)
35.4
(95.7)
31.5
(88.7)
24.3
(75.7)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
10.6
(51.1)
15.1
(59.2)
21.5
(70.7)
26.5
(79.7)
29.5
(85.1)
32.8
(91.0)
32.2
(90.0)
28.2
(82.8)
22.8
(73.0)
17.6
(63.7)
12.0
(53.6)
21.5
(70.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41.0)
7.0
(44.6)
10.9
(51.6)
16.9
(62.4)
21.6
(70.9)
25.0
(77.0)
28.0
(82.4)
27.0
(80.6)
23.2
(73.8)
17.9
(64.2)
12.7
(54.9)
7.4
(45.3)
16.9
(62.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.2
(36.0)
4.3
(39.7)
7.7
(45.9)
13.3
(55.9)
17.7
(63.9)
21.5
(70.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.4
(74.1)
19.5
(67.1)
14.4
(57.9)
9.0
(48.2)
3.9
(39.0)
13.4
(56.2)
Record low °C (°F) −6.3
(20.7)
−4.7
(23.5)
−1.6
(29.1)
2.1
(35.8)
7.5
(45.5)
12.2
(54.0)
17.1
(62.8)
16.5
(61.7)
12.0
(53.6)
2.9
(37.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
−8.2
(17.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.9
(2.67)
83.8
(3.30)
118.4
(4.66)
176.2
(6.94)
189.5
(7.46)
235.1
(9.26)
153.9
(6.06)
142.0
(5.59)
77.6
(3.06)
84.2
(3.31)
71.0
(2.80)
46.3
(1.82)
1,445.9
(56.93)
Average relative humidity (%) 78 79 80 80 80 82 77 79 78 78 75 74 78
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[10]

Economy

As of 2016, Lengshuijiang's GDP is CN¥ 28,880,000,000. The city's economy is dominated by coal resource, which is venerated as "Coal Sea in Jiangnan".[11]

Demographics

Population

As of 2016, the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China estimates the city's population now to be 372,400. Lengshuijiang is mainly Han nationality with Miao, Hui and Tujia ethnic minorities.[12]

Language

Mandarin is the official language. The local people speak Loudi dialect.

Religion

The city hosts religious institutions of various faiths, including Christianity, Islam, Chinese folk religion, Buddhism, and Taoism.

Education

As of 2016, Lengshuijiang has two high schools, 11 middle schools, 57 primary schools and 78 kindergartens.[12]

Lengshuijiang Normal School is an institution of higher education in Lengshuijiang, which has no university.

Transportation

Railway

The Shanghai–Kunming railway, from Shanghai to Kunming, southwest China's Yunnan province, through the middle of the city.[9]

The Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway, also passes through the southwestern city.[9]

Expressway

The S70 Loudi–Huaihua Expressway, more commonly known as "Louhuai Expressway", is a west–east highway passing through the southwestern city.[9]

Provincial Highway

The Provincial Highway S312 runs east to west through the city.[9]

The Provincial Highway S217 is a north–south highway passing through the town of Sanjian.[9]

Tourism

Seat of the Monkey King in Boyue Cave.
Seat of the Monkey King in Boyue Cave.

Boyue Cave is situated in Zhonglian Township. It is the most well-known tourist spot in the city. The spot was used for location filming of the 1986 fantasy television series Journey to the West.

Dachengshan Scenic Spot (大乘山风景名胜区) is a provincial-level scenic spot in southeastern Lengshuijiang.

Zhoutouhu Holiday Resort (周头湖度假区) is a popular attraction in the city for recreation for residents.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Lengshuijiang" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ Loudi City Land Use Plan (2006–20)/《娄底市土地利用总体规划(2006-2020年)》.(in Chinese) Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 68. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Archived copy" 娄底市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in Chinese). Loudi People's Government. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ the population of Lengshuijiang City in 2015: according to 冷水江市2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 [Statistical Communiqué of Lengshuijiang City on the 2015 National Economic and Social Development]., or ahmhxc.com
  6. ^ the divisions of Lengshuijiang City (November 23, 2015): according to the 《关于同意冷水江市乡镇区划调整方案的批复》(湘民行发〔2015〕66号) [result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Lengshuijiang city on 23 November 2015]. rednet.cn Hunan. 2015-12-04. also see: Lengshuijiang.gov
  7. ^ 冷水江市乡镇区划调整方案:调整后下辖1乡5镇4街道. rednet.cn (in Chinese). 2015-12-04.
  8. ^ a b 地理环境 [Geography of Lengshuijiang]. lsj.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2015-09-18.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Zhang Hong, ed. (2018). "Lengshuijiang and Lianyuan" 《冷水江市和涟源市》. 《中国分省系列地图册:湖南》 [Maps of Provinces in China: Hunan] (in Chinese). Xicheng District, Beijing: SinoMaps Press. pp. 172–173. ISBN 978-7-5031-8949-4.
  10. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  11. ^ 自然资源 [Natural resources]. lsj.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2015-09-18.
  12. ^ a b 冷水江市2016年国民经济和社会发展统计公报. lsj.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2017-04-21.