Leyton London Underground
Entrance on Leyton High Road (A112)
Leyton is located in Greater London
Leyton
Leyton
Location of Leyton in Greater London
LocationLeyton
Local authorityLondon Borough of Waltham Forest
Managed byLondon Underground
OwnerTransport for London
Number of platforms2
Fare zone3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2018Decrease 12.04 million[1]
2019Decrease 11.26 million[2]
2020Decrease 7.33 million[3]
2021Decrease 5.29 million[4]
2022Increase 8.36 million[5]
Railway companies
Original companyEastern Counties Railway
Pre-groupingGreat Eastern Railway
Post-groupingLondon and North Eastern Railway
Key dates
22 August 1856 (1856-08-22)Opened as Low Leyton
27 November 1867Renamed Leyton
5 May 1947Central line service introduced
6 May 1968Goods yard closed[6]
Other information
External links
Coordinates51°33′24″N 0°00′19″W / 51.5566°N 0.0052°W / 51.5566; -0.0052
London transport portal

Leyton is a London Underground station in Leyton, in the London Borough of Waltham Forest, East London. Located on Leyton High Road, adjacent to the A12, the station is on the Central line between Stratford and Leytonstone stations. It is in Travelcard zone 3.

Location

Leyton Mills Retail Park, Leyton Library, New Spitalfields Market, Leyton Orient F.C. stadium, and St. Patrick's Catholic Cemetery are within proximity of the station. Around Leyton station, the line runs parallel to the A12 road, while the station entrance is connected by the A112. It serves the area of the name itself, situated to the north of the A12 in the London Borough of Waltham Forest. Leyton is largely residential,[7] with houses built from 1870 to 1910. The origin of its name was derived from its geographical location, being at the "tun" of the river Lea, and the ancient parish was named Low Leyton.[8][9][note 1] To the south, it covers the Cathall housing estate in Leytonstone.[7]

History

The railway line from Loughton Branch Junction (on the Lea Valley line between Stratford and Lea Bridge} to Loughton was built by the Eastern Counties Railway, and opened on 22 August 1856.[11] A station at Leyton was opened on the same day, and was originally named Low Leyton. It was renamed Leyton on 27 November 1867 by the Great Eastern Railway.[12][13][14] The current station buildings largely date from the reconstruction of 1879, which saw the original level crossing replaced by a bridge, although some alterations were carried out in connection with the transfer of the station from the London & North Eastern Railway to London Underground as part of the eastern extensions of the Central line.

When the Central line (then known as the Central London Railway) was amalgamated under the management of London Passenger Transport Board in 1933,[15] plans for major expansions to the line were developed.[16][note 2] The station was first served by the Central line on 5 May 1947, as part of the extension of the line to Leytonstone.

In the 1990s, the northern ticket office and entrance – dating from 1901 – were removed as part of the controversial M11 extension (now the A12) that was built adjacent to the station. In the mid-2000s, the station was comprehensively refurbished as part of the London Underground PPP.[17]

Planned upgrade and step free access

According to TfL, the station is severely overcrowded at peak periods, due to the small ticket hall (as a result of the station's location on top of the bridge over the tracks), and the proximity of the ticket barriers to the narrow pavement outside the station.[18] In 2011, it was announced the capacity of the station would be increased, in order to cope with the predicted additional users of the station during the 2012 Olympic Games, and to ease the existing congestion. This work would have created a new access to Goodall Road from the westbound platform.[19][20] This work never materialised.[21]

In 2019, it was announced that Waltham Forest and Transport for London would fund a £18million expansion and upgrade of the station, including step free access.[22][23] This work will involve construction of a new, larger ticket hall north of the current one, a new footbridge, wider stairs and step free access to both platforms. The existing ticket hall building would then be repurposed as a retail unit by TFL Property.[18] In 2020, a funding agreement between Waltham Forest and TFL was signed, with works estimated to begin in 2021 – with completion by 2023.[24][25]

Services and connections

Eastbound platform looking west, with the curve towards the tunnel portal in the background.

Services

Leyton is between Stratford and Leytonstone stations on the London Underground Central line. The station is registered under Fare Zone 3, and sits between two adjacent stations assigned to two zones.[26] Trains generally operate between West Ruislip and Epping, and between Ealing Broadway and Hainault. The typical off-peak services, in trains per hour (tph) is:[27]

Night Tube services also operate at this station. Trains run every 10 minutes to Hainault via Newbury Park or Loughton eastbound, and to Ealing Broadway or White City westbound.[28]

Preceding station London Underground Following station
Stratford Central line Leytonstone
Historical railways
Stratford
Line closed, station open
  Great Eastern Railway
Eastern Counties Railway
Loughton branch
  Leytonstone
Line and station open

Connections

London Buses routes 58, 69, 97 and 158 serve the station.[29]

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ The prefix was subsequently dropped in 1921.[10]
  2. ^ This was known as The 1935–40 New Works Programme.[16]

References

  1. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 11 October 2023.
  2. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2020. Transport for London. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  4. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2021. Transport for London. 12 July 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  5. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2022. Transport for London. 4 October 2023. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  6. ^ Hardy, Brian, ed. (March 2011). "How it used to be – freight on The Underground 50 years ago". Underground News (591). London Underground Railway Society: 175–183. ISSN 0306-8617.
  7. ^ a b "Google Maps" (Map). Leyton Tube Station. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  8. ^ Ordnance Survey Map 2½" (Map) (6" ed.). 1:50000. Leyton: P.N. Essex (E.P.N.S.), 102. 1952. p. 180. § TQ 38.
  9. ^ Powell, W. R. (1973). Leyton: Introduction. A History of the County of Essex. Vol. 6. London: British History Online (Victoria County History). pp. 174–184. Archived from the original on 3 July 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  10. ^ Census (County of Essex), 1911, 1921
  11. ^ Allen, Cecil J. (1956) [1955]. The Great Eastern Railway (2nd ed.). Hampton Court: Ian Allan. pp. 20, 216.
  12. ^ Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley page69
  13. ^ Forgotten Stations of Greater London by J.E.Connor and B.Halford page 124
  14. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. pp. 142, 150. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.
  15. ^ Day & Reed 2010, p. 212.
  16. ^ a b Day & Reed 2010, p. 116.
  17. ^ "Waltham Forest to benefit as Mayor unveils £10bn investment programme to transform Londons transport network". Transport for London. 12 October 2004. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  18. ^ a b "Leyton Underground Station - Council funding contribution towards proposed capacity improvement and Step Free Access scheme" (PDF). London Borough of Waltham Forest. 17 January 2019.
  19. ^ Jackson-Obot, Ima (13 September 2011). "LEYTON: Station capacity to double". East London and West Essex Guardian. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  20. ^ Binns, Daniel (26 May 2012). "LEYTON: Thousands to use station during Olympics". East London and West Essex Guardian Series. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  21. ^ "'Our Olympics': (1) LBWF and Leyton Market - the Council wins a 'gold medal for ineptitude'". Waltham Forest Matters. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  22. ^ Richardson, Alice (18 January 2019). "Step-free access planned for Leyton tube station". East London and West Essex Guardian. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  23. ^ "Cabinet decision – LEYTON UNDERGROUND STATION: CAPACITY IMPROVEMENT AND STEP FREE ACCESS SCHEME". democracy.walthamforest.gov.uk. 18 October 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  24. ^ "Leyton Underground Station: Funding Agreement with Transport for London" (PDF). London Borough of Waltham Forest. 16 March 2020.
  25. ^ Munro, Victoria (10 March 2020). "Leyton Tube station expansion could start by August next year". East London and West Essex Guardian. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  26. ^ Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. April 2024. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 May 2024. Retrieved 3 June 2024.
  27. ^ Clive, Feather (8 May 2020). "Central Line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 7 July 2020. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  28. ^ "The Night Tube". Improving the Tube – What We're Doing. Transport for London. Archived from the original on 7 July 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  29. ^ "Buses from Leyton Station" (PDF). TfL. 26 August 2023. Retrieved 5 February 2024.

Bibliography