Lhao Vo
Lhao Vo
Native toMyanmar, China
Native speakers
(100,000 cited 1997)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3mhx
Glottologmaru1249

Lhao Vo (Burmese: လော်ဝေါ်,) also known as Maru (မရူ) and Langsu (Chinese: 浪速), is a Burmish language spoken in Burma and by a few thousand speakers in China.

Distribution

Dai Qingxia (2005:3) reports 5,600 Langsu speakers in China. Many thousands more are dispersed across the eastern edge of Kachin State, Myanmar.

The Langsu people call themselves lɔ̃˧˩ vɔ˧˩ (Chinese: Lang'e 浪峨)[2][3]

Varieties

The standard Lhaovo dialect is that of the Dago’ (tăkoʔ) hill area, on the east side of N'Mai River valley in Kachin State.[4]

Sawada (2017) lists the following patois (subvarieties) of Lhaovo.[4]

Langsong

The Langsong (浪宋) are found in Zaoyang (早阳)[5] in Yunlong County (in the Chinese province of Yunnan) as well as in Baocun (表村),[6] Laomo (老末), and Sancha (三岔).[7][8] They reportedly speak a highly endangered language that may be possibly related to Langsu.

References

  1. ^ Lhao Vo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Dai (2003), p. 3.
  3. ^ Dai (2010), p. 10.
  4. ^ a b Sawada, Hideo (2017). Two Undescribed Dialects of Northern Burmish Sub-branch: Gyannoʔ and Thoʔlhang. Presented at ICSTLL 50, Beijing, China.
  5. ^ "Yúnlóng Xiàn Miáowěi Lìsùzú Xiāng Zǎoyáng" 云龙县苗尾傈僳族乡早阳 [Zaoyang, Miaowei Lisu Ethnic Township, Yunlong County]. ynszxc.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-05-04.
  6. ^ "Yúnlóng Xiàn Miáowěi Lìsùzú Xiāng Biǎocūn Biǎocūn" 云龙县苗尾傈僳族乡表村表村 [Baocun, Baocun, Miaowei Lisu Township, Yunlong County]. ynszxc.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-10-10.
  7. ^ "Yúnlóng Xiàn Miáowěi Lìsùzú Xiāng Biǎocūn Sānchà" 云龙县苗尾傈僳族乡表村三岔 [Sancha, Baocun, Miaowei Lisu Township, Yunlong County]. ynszxc.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-05-04.
  8. ^ Zhongguo shao shu minzu shehui lishi diaocha ziliao congkan xiuding bianji weiyuanhui 中国少数民族社会历史调查资料丛刊修订编辑委员会 (2009). Jǐngpǒzú shèhuì lìshǐ diàochá 景颇族社会历史调查 (in Chinese). Beijing: Minzu chubanshe. p. 57.

Further reading

  • Dai, Qingxia 戴慶廈 (2005). Làngsùyǔ yánjiū 浪速语研究 [Study of the Maru Language] (in Chinese). Beijing: Minzu chubanshe. ISBN 9787105068159.
  • Dai, Qingxia 戴庆厦 (2010). Piànmǎ Cháshānrén jí qí yǔyán 片马茶山人及其语言 [The Chashan People of Pianma and Their Language] (in Chinese). Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan.
  • Hill, Nathan; Cooper, Douglas (2020). "A Machine Readable Collection of Lexical Data on the Burmish Languages" (Data Set). Zenodo. doi:10.5281/zenodo.3759030.
  • Yabu Shirō 藪司郎 (1988). "A Preliminary Report on the Study of the Maru, Lashi and Atsi Languages of Burma". In Yoshiaki Ishizawa (ed.). Historical and Cultural Studies in Burma. Tokyo: Institute of Asian Studies, Sophia University. pp. 65–132.