Li Weihan
Li in 1946
Vice Chairman of the Central Advisory Commission
In office
12 September 1982 – 11 August 1984
ChairmanDeng Xiaoping
Vice Chairperson of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
In office
2 July 1979 – 17 June 1983
ChairpersonDeng Xiaoping
In office
25 December 1954 – 25 December 1964
ChairpersonZhou Enlai
Vice Chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
In office
27 September 1954 – 25 December 1964
ChairpersonLiu Shaoqi
Zhu De
Secretary-General of Government Administration Council
In office
19 October 1949 – 18 September 1953
PremierZhou Enlai
Preceded byNew title
Succeeded byXu Bing
Head of the United Front Work Department
In office
26 September 1948 – 25 December 1964
Preceded byZhou Enlai
Succeeded byXu Bing
Head of the Organization Department of the Chinese Communist Party
In office
9 August 1927 – 23 September 1927
Preceded byZhang Guotao
Succeeded byLuo Yinong
Member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
In office
9 August 1927 – 19 June 1928
General SecretaryChen Duxiu
Personal details
Born(1896-06-02)2 June 1896
Changsha County, Hunan, Qing Empire
Died11 August 1984(1984-08-11) (aged 88)
Beijing, China
Political partyCommunist Party of China
Spouse(s)Cao Wenyu
Jin Weiying
Wu Jingzhi
Children5, including Li Tieying
Alma materHunan First Normal University
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese

Li Weihan (Chinese: 李维汉; 2 June 1896 – 11 August 1984) was a Chinese Communist Party politician. After pursuing his studies in France in 1919–20, he returned to China for the Party's founding Congress in Shanghai in 1921. He became a member of the Politburo in 1927 but fell out of favour shortly afterwards in the wake of the unsuccessful Autumn Harvest Uprising in junction of Hunan and Jiangxi provinces. When he sought to bring the uprising to an end, he found himself accused of cowardice. Li was eclipsed until reemerging in the early 1930s as a supporter of Li Lisan, a leading figure in the party at the time, and an opponent of the anti-Mao 28 Bolsheviks faction.[1]

Li Weihan was promoted to become the first principal of the Yan'an-based Central Party School of the Communist Party, the highest training center for party workers and leaders. Li served as principal from 1933 to 1935 and again from 1937 to 1938.[2] After the Proclamation of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Li was involved in managing China's minorities and nationalities as Chairman of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission. He was also a significant player in the Party's drive to introduce state control of the economy (Soviet-type economic planning), and in the late-1950s Anti-Rightist Campaign, in which his own brother was purged.[1]

Li was the director between 1944 and 1964 of the United Front Department, the predecessor to the present-day United Front Work Department. He was removed from his post in 1964 and was subsequently criticised by Zhou Enlai for "capitulationism in united front work". However, he reemerged after 1978 as a supporter of the reformist Deng Xiaoping – who Li had saved from persecution years before – and as a critic of Mao and autocracy in the Party, which Li referred to as "feudalism".[1] Deng promoted Li in 1982 to the post of vice chairman of the Central Advisory Commission, which Deng himself chaired. Li died in office in August 1984.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Sullivan, Lawrence R. (2012). Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Communist Party. Scarecrow Press. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-8108-7225-7.
  2. ^ a b "The United Front in Communist China" (PDF). Central Intelligence Agency. May 1957. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 23, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
Party political offices Preceded byZhang Guotao Head of the Organization Department of the Chinese Communist Party 1927–1927 Succeeded byLuo Yinong Preceded byZhang Wentian President of Central Party School of the Chinese Communist Party 1934–1935 Succeeded byDong Biwu Preceded byDong Biwu President of Central Party School of the Chinese Communist Party 1937–1938 Succeeded byKang Sheng Preceded byZhou Enlai Head of the United Front Work Department 1948–1964 Succeeded byXu Bing Government offices New title Secretary-General of Government Administration Council 1949–1953 Succeeded byXi Zhongxun