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This article gives an overview of liberalism and radicalism in Romania. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in this scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary for a party to have actually labeled itself as a liberal party.

Background

Liberalism has been one of the major forces in Romania, mainly organized in the center-right National Liberal Party. As of May 2020 the National Liberal Party is Head of the guverment with elected members in both houses of the Romanian Parliament, and in the European Parliament. At the European Parliament level, is a member of European People's Party.

The National Liberal Party has historically had many spin-offs and mergers with other center-right parties. Alliance of Liberals and Democrats is such a spin-off that is currently a member of the coalition government.

History

Precursors

National Liberal Party

National Liberal Party-Brătianu

National Liberal Party-Tătărescu

From National Liberal Party Youth Wing to Liberal Party 1993

Civic Alliance Party

National Liberal Party-Democratic Convention

National Liberal Party-Câmpeanu

Alliance for Romania

Democratic Liberal Party

Save Romania Union (USR)

PNL leaders

Name Term start Term end
1 Ion Brătianu 1875 1891
2 Dumitru Brătianu 1891 1892
3 Dimitrie Sturdza 1892 1908
4 Ion I. C. Brătianu 1908 24 November 1927
5 Vintilă Brătianu November/December, 1927 1930
6 Ion Duca 1930 30 December 1933
7 Dinu Brătianu December, 1933 1948
none (party dissolved during Communist Party rule) 1948 1989
8 Radu Câmpeanu 1990 1993
9 Mircea Ionescu-Quintus 1993 2001
10 Valeriu Stoica 2001 2002
11 Theodor Stolojan 2002 October, 2004
12 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu October, 2004 March, 2009
13 Crin Antonescu March, 2009 June, 2014
14 Klaus Johannis June, 2014 December, 2014
15 Vasile Blaga December, 2014 September, 2016
16 Alina Gorghiu December, 2014 December, 2016
Raluca Turcan (ad interim) December, 2016 June, 2017
17 Ludovic Orban June, 2017 present

See also

References