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This article gives an overview of liberalism and radicalism in Romania. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in this scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary for a party to have actually labeled itself as a liberal party.

Background

Liberalism has been one of the major political forces in Romania since the Wallachian Revolution of 1848, which was later mainly organized in the center-right National Liberal Party (PNL). As of October 2021, the National Liberal Party is the head of the government with elected members in both houses of the Romanian Parliament, and in the European Parliament. At European Parliament level, the PNL is a member of European People's Party (EPP).

The National Liberal Party (PNL) has historically had many spin-offs and mergers with other center-right parties. The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats is such a spin-off which was a junior party in a coalition government along the Social Democratic Party (PSD) between 2017 and 2019.

History

Precursors

National Liberal Party

National Liberal Party-Brătianu

National Liberal Party-Tătărescu

From National Liberal Party Youth Wing to Liberal Party 1993

Civic Alliance Party

National Liberal Party-Democratic Convention

National Liberal Party-Câmpeanu

Alliance for Romania

Democratic Liberal Party

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats

Save Romania Union

Force of the Right

PNL leaders

Name Term start Term end
1 Ion Brătianu 1875 1891
2 Dumitru Brătianu 1891 1892
3 Dimitrie Sturdza 1892 1908
4 Ion I. C. Brătianu 1908 24 November 1927
5 Vintilă Brătianu November/December, 1927 1930
6 Ion Duca 1930 30 December 1933
7 Dinu Brătianu December, 1933 1948
none (party dissolved during Communist Party rule) 1948 1989
8 Radu Câmpeanu January 1990 February 1993
9 Mircea Ionescu-Quintus February 1993 February 2001
10 Valeriu Stoica February 2001 August 2002
11 Theodor Stolojan August 2002 October 2004
12 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu October 2004 March 2009
13 Crin Antonescu March 2009 June 2014
14 Klaus Iohannis June 2014 December 2014
15 Vasile Blaga December 2014 September 2016
16 Alina Gorghiu December 2014 December 2016
Raluca Turcan (ad interim) December 2016 June 2017
17 Ludovic Orban June 2017 September 2021
18 Florin Cîțu September 2021 Incumbent

See also

References