Liberalism in Israel has played a role since the country's founding.[1]

Several liberal political parties have claimed substantial popular support, mainly proved by having representation in the Knesset. While liberalism is usually suspicious of nationalism, Jewish liberals in Israel generally support some form of Zionism.

Conservative liberals (see General Zionists, Liberal Party) were founding members of the Likud, the country's main conservative party, while social liberals (see Progressive Party, Independent Liberals) were integrated in the social-democratic Labor Party. Later on, a long-time liberal, anti-clerical and pro-free market party was Shinui, a member of the Liberal International. More recently, Kadima was a broad liberal and centrist party, integrating politicians from the left and the right. Current liberal (and liberal Zionist) parties are Yesh Atid and the Resilience Party (Blue and White). New Hope is a national-liberal party. By contrast, Balad draws upon liberal values in its aim to eliminate discrimination against Arab citizens and redefine Israel as a state for all its citizens rather than a "Jewish and democratic state", but it is a secular party rather than a liberal one.

Overview

School Party Leaders
Conservative liberalism General Zionists (1922–1961)
Social liberalism Progressive Party (1948–1961)
Kulanu (2014–2019)
Gesher (2019–2021)
Israel Resilience Party (2019–present)
Blue and White (2019–)
Liberalism
Israeli Liberal Party (1961–1988)
Independent Liberals (1965–1992)
Shinui (1974–present)
Democratic Movement for Change (1976–1978)
Hetz (2006–2012)
Kadima (2006–2015)
Hatnua (2012–2019)
Yesh Atid (2012–present)
National liberalism Likud (1973–present)
Telem (2019–present)
New Hope (2020–present)

Timeline

From General Zionists to Liberal Party

From Progressive Party to Independent Liberals

Shinui, Democratic Movement, Shinui, Hetz

Kadima and Hatnuah

Splits from and mergers into Likud

Yesh Atid, Hosen, Telem and minor parties

Liberal party factions

References

  1. ^ a b Asa-El, Amotz (24 March 2018). "Yair Lapid's shot at bringing the political center to the forefront". Jerusalem Report.
  2. ^ a b c "General Zionism".
  3. ^ "YIVO | General Zionists".
  4. ^ Goldstein, Amir (9 January 2018). "Who represented the Israeli middle class? The crystallization of the General Zionists from 1948 to 1949". Middle Eastern Studies. 54 (3): 400–414. doi:10.1080/00263206.2017.1419468. S2CID 148943042.
  5. ^ "General Zionists".
  6. ^ "Parliamentary Groups in the Knesset". Archived from the original on 2004-09-05.
  7. ^ "Parliamentary Groups in the Knesset". Archived from the original on 2004-09-05.
  8. ^ a b c "Progressive Party".
  9. ^ "The Liberal Party".
  10. ^ "Gachal".
  11. ^ "Likud - parties".
  12. ^ Zeigerman, Dror (2013). המהפך הליברלי; מיזוגים פוליטיים : חקר המפלגה הליברלית בישראל [The Liberal Revolution; Political Mergers: A Study of the Liberal Party in Israel]. Schocken Books. ISBN 9789651908903.
  13. ^ "Parliamentary Groups in the Knesset". Archived from the original on 2004-09-05.
  14. ^ "Independent Liberals".
  15. ^ "Parliamentary Groups in the Knesset". Archived from the original on 2004-09-05.
  16. ^ a b c "Shinui".
  17. ^ a b "Parliamentary Groups in the Knesset". Archived from the original on 2004-09-05.
  18. ^ "Dash".
  19. ^ Shavit, Zeev; Yuchtman-Yaar, Ephraim, eds. (2001). מגמות בחברה הישראלית [Trends in Israeli Society]. Vol. 2. Open University of Israel. p. 1166.
  20. ^ a b c Goldman, Yoel (23 November 2012). "Livni heading for 10 seats, and Barak will make it back into the Knesset, poll shows". The Times of Israel.
  21. ^ Hoffman, Gil (31 December 2018). "Gantz declares himself politically flexible". The Jerusalem Post.
  22. ^ הליברלים בליכוד [Likud Liberals] (in Hebrew) – via Facebook.
  23. ^ @MeretzLiberals (3 August 2020). מעכשיו אנחנו גם בטוויטר 🙂 אנו שואפים לקדם בישראל חופש בשלושה מובנים: חופש מדיני- סיום השלטון הצבאי ביו"ש. חופש כלכלי- מינימום התערבות ממשלתית. חופש הפרט- החופש של כל אחד לחיות לפי בחירתו בכל המובנים, לפי אורח חייו, אמונתו, מיניותו וכד', כל עוד הוא אינו פוגע ישירות באחר. [From now on we are also on Twitter 🙂 We strive to promote freedom in Israel in three ways: Political freedom - the end of military rule in Judea and Samaria. Economic freedom - minimum government intervention. The freedom of the individual - the freedom of everyone to live according to his choice in all respects, according to his lifestyle, faith, sexuality, etc., as long as he does not directly harm the other.] (Tweet) (in Hebrew) – via Twitter.
  24. ^ הליברלים במרצ [Meretz Liberals] (in Hebrew). Archived from the original on 2022-02-26 – via Facebook.

See also