Liberalism has played a role in the political history of Israel since Israel's founding.[1]

Several liberal political parties have claimed substantial popular support, mainly proved by having representation in the Knesset. While liberalism is usually suspicious of nationalism, Jewish liberals in Israel generally support some form of Zionism.

Conservative liberals (see General Zionists, Liberal Party) were founding members of the Likud, the country's main conservative party, while social liberals (see Progressive Party, Independent Liberals) were integrated in the social-democratic Labor Party. Later on, a long-time liberal, anti-clerical and pro-free market party was Shinui, a member of the Liberal International. More recently, Kadima was a broad liberal and centrist party, integrating politicians from the left and the right.

Current liberal (and liberal Zionist) parties are New Hope, Yesh Atid and Hosen (Blue and White). By contrast, Balad draws upon liberal values in its aim to eliminate discrimination against Arab citizens and redefine Israel as a state for all its citizens rather than a "Jewish and democratic state", but it is a secular party rather than a liberal one.

Timeline

From General Zionists to Liberal Party

From Progressive Party to Independent Liberals

Shinui, Democratic Movement, Shinui, Hetz

Kadima and Hatnuah

Splits from and mergers into Likud

Yesh Atid, Hosen, Telem and minor parties

References

  1. ^ a b Asa-El, Amotz (24 March 2018). "Yair Lapid's shot at bringing the political center to the forefront". Jerusalem Report.
  2. ^ a b c https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/general-zionism
  3. ^ https://yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/General_Zionists
  4. ^ https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/f4qJJcMKBJkxu2gGfAkc/full
  5. ^ https://en.idi.org.il/israeli-elections-and-parties/parties/general-zionists
  6. ^ https://www.knesset.gov.il/faction/eng/FactionPage_eng.asp?PG=81
  7. ^ https://www.knesset.gov.il/faction/eng/FactionPage_eng.asp?PG=79
  8. ^ a b c https://en.idi.org.il/israeli-elections-and-parties/parties/progressive-party
  9. ^ https://en.idi.org.il/israeli-elections-and-parties/parties/the-liberal-party
  10. ^ https://en.idi.org.il/israeli-elections-and-parties/parties/gachal
  11. ^ https://en.idi.org.il/israeli-elections-and-parties/parties/likud
  12. ^ Zeigerman, Dror (2013). המהפך הליברלי; מיזוגים פוליטיים : חקר המפלגה הליברלית בישראל [The Liberal Revolution; Political Mergers: A Study of the Liberal Party in Israel]. Schocken Books. ISBN 9789651908903.
  13. ^ https://www.knesset.gov.il/faction/eng/FactionPage_eng.asp?PG=82
  14. ^ https://en.idi.org.il/israeli-elections-and-parties/parties/independent-liberals
  15. ^ https://www.knesset.gov.il/faction/eng/FactionPage_eng.asp?PG=53
  16. ^ a b c https://en.idi.org.il/israeli-elections-and-parties/parties/shinui
  17. ^ a b https://www.knesset.gov.il/faction/eng/FactionPage_eng.asp?PG=160
  18. ^ https://en.idi.org.il/israeli-elections-and-parties/parties/dash
  19. ^ Shavit, Zeev; Yuchtman-Yaar, Ephraim, eds. (2001). מגמות בחברה הישראלית [Trends in Israeli Society]. 2. Open University of Israel. p. 1166.
  20. ^ a b c Goldman, Yoel (23 November 2012). "Livni heading for 10 seats, and Barak will make it back into the Knesset, poll shows". Times of Israel.
  21. ^ Hoffman, Gil (31 December 2018). "Gantz declares himself politically flexible". Jerusalem Post.

See also